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Butterflies of Mexico
including the region of 
the
Yucatan Peninsula 

and in nearby 
Belize & Guatemala


Part #2 of a 2-part List,
noting those found during 
Focus On Nature Tours 
in these places with an (*) 



List compiled by Armas Hill


Photo at right: a GULF FRITILLARY, Agraulis vanillae 
(photographed by Doris Potter) 




Codes:

BZ:   occurs in Belize
GU:  occurs in Guatemala
YP:   occurs in the Yucatan 

(MXe):  species endemic to Mexico

(MCA:xx):
refers to page in the book "A Swift Guide to the Butterflies of Mexico & Central America", by Jeffrey Glassberg, published in 2007. In that book, there are approximately 3,250 photographs of butterflies.  

(BAPG:xx):
refers to page in the book "Butterflies of Arizona, A Photographic Guide", by Bob Stewart, Priscilla Brodkin & Hank Brodkin, published in 2001. In that book, there are excellent photos of butterflies.  

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website 



Link:  To Part #1 of this List, with Swallowtails, Pierids, Hairstreaks, Blues, & Metalmarks 

Among the Butterfly groupings that follow here, links to:

BRUSHFOOTS:    Longwings    Fritillaries    Cecropians     Crescents, Patches, Checkerspots     

Lady Butterflies
    Sisters    Eighty-Eight Butterflies     Crackers     Daggerwings     Leafwings    

Morpho Butterflies
     Owl-Butterflies     Satyr Butterflies    
Tiger Butterflies (Royalty)     Clearwings    

SKIPPERS
    Golf-club & Spreadwing Skippers (in PYRGINAE) inc. Firetips, Sootywings

Spreadwing Skippers (in EUDAMINAE) inc. Longtails, Flashers, Cloudywings, Scarlet-eyes
  

Skipperlings     Grass Skippers

In this two-part list, there are 1,340 species of butterflies.  


Other Links:

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Central Mexico & Mexico

Birds of:  the Yucatan Region of Mexico     Cozumel Island     Belize     Guatemala

Mammals of:  Mexico    Belize    Guatemala    Marine Life of:  Belize & the Yucatan

Amphibians & Reptiles of:   Mexico     Belize & Guatemala

Other Lists & Photo Galleries of Butterflies & Moths Elsewhere

Directory of Photos in this Website


a VARIEGATED FRITILLARY

List of Butterflies:


          FAMILY NYMPHALIDAE:  BRUSHFOOTS   Cosmopolitan, with subfamilies ranging from 8 to 25, 
          depending upon taxonomic treatment. 
          This is the most diverse family of butterflies, with approximately 6,000 known species worldwide.
          Brushfoot butterflies appear to be 4 rather than 6-legged, as their 2 front legs are much reduced.   


          Subfamily LIBYTHEINAE:  SNOUTS   
          These butterflies have long palps which protrude under their head like a snout, hence their name. 
          There are about 10 species which occur in South & Central America. 
          They breed on members of the Celtis which belong to the Elm family, Ulmaceae.

         

  1. American Snout  ______  YP  (MCA:79)
    Libytheana carinenta



    Subfamily HELICONIINAE:  LONGWINGS 
    Mostly in the American tropics. Adults of some species are long-lived, and several are distasteful. Various other species mimic the distasteful butterflies of this group.


    Genera ALTINOTE & ACTINOTE

  2. Lamplight Actinote  ______  (MCA:78)
    Altinote ozomene
    (or leucomelas)

  3. Orange-disked Actinote  ______  (MCA:78)
    Altinote stratonice oaxaca  (MXe) 
    (subspecies described in 1979)

  4. Anteas Actinote  ______  (MCA:78)  (another name is Doubleday's Actinote)
    Actinote anteas

  5. Guatemalan Actinote  ______  (MCA:78)
    Actinote guatemalena

  6. Bow-winged Actinote  ______  (MCA:78)
    Actinote melampeplos

  7. Pale Actinote  ______  (MCA:78)
    Actinote lapitha 


    Genus AGRAULIS


  8. Gulf Fritillary  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:80)
    Agraulis vanillae 
    (has been said by some to be in the genus Dione)

    Agraulis vanillae is a widespread, familiar butterfly that visits gardens to drink nectar. It is a sun-loving butterfly. The upperside is a fiery orange. 
    It is distinguished from the Julia, Dryas iulia, by the presence of numerous black dots on the forewing. it is silver-spotted on its underside.  






    Two photographs of the Gulf Fritillary
    (upper photo by Doris Potter; lower photo by Howard Eskin)



    Genus PHILAETHRIA

  9. Northern Green Longwing  (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:96)  (another name is Green Heliconian)
    Philaethria diatonica


    Genus LAPARUS

  10. Doris Longwing  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Dot-bordered Heliconian)
    Laparus doris


    Genus EUEIDES

  11. Isabella's Longwing  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:80)  (another name is Isabella's Heliconian
    Eueides isabella 
    Eueides isabella nigricornis  
    subspecies in southwestern Mexico  (subspecies described in 1982)
    Eueides isabella eva
    (or zoracon
    subspecies in eastern Mexico and south through Central America   



    An Isabella's Longwing photographed during a FONT tour 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


  12. Fine-lined Longwing  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:80)  (other names are Small Julia and  Least Heliconian)
    Euiedes aliphera



    Fine-lined Longwing


  13. Thick-edged Longwing  ______  (MCA:80)  (another name is White-dotted Heliconian)
    Euiedes lineata

  14. Darkened Longwing  ______  (MCA:80)  (another name is Nonpassionate Heliconian)
    Euides procula

  15. Vibilia Longwing  ______  (MCA:80)  (another name is Acting Heliconian)
    Euides vibilia


    Genus DIONE  
    Totally 4 species, depending upon taxonomy, in Central & South America. They breed on many species of passion flower, Passiflora, and they exploit secondary vegetation. Their numbers increase dramatically in areas where there has been rainforest destruction.    

  16. Mexican Silverspot  ______  (MCA:80)
    Dione moneta

  17. Juno Longwing  ______  YP  (MCA:80)  (other names are Juno Heliconian and Silverspot)
    Dione juno


    Genus DRYAS  
    With a single migratory species, occurring in Central & South America and on Caribbean islands  

  18. Julia  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:80)  (another name is Julia Heliconian)
    Dryas iulia

    The uppersides of the elongated wings of Dryas iulia are orange, unmarked but for a conspicuous black blob or band in the cell area of the forewing. The undersides are a very pale brown with small white flashes. Different races have variation of the black band and other black markings on the upperside of the forewing.
    This butterfly visits open sunny and flowery areas (often wet ground), and breeds on the passion flower.



    Julia 


    Genus DRYADULA 

  19. Banded Longwing  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:80)  (another name is Banded Orange Heliconian
    Dryadula phaetusa 



    Banded Longwing



    Genus HELICONIUS:  LONGWINGS  
    Found principally in Central & South America, but also in the West Indies, and just reaching into the southern US. In Central America, including Mexico, there are 15 species. 
    The larvae feed on members of the passion flower family, Passifloraceae. The adults (the butterflies) are gregarious and have communal roosting spots. Adults feed on pollen, from which they derive amino acids, enabling them to live up to 9 months. The butterflies stay very much in the same localities. They are very noticeable and found in various habitats.    

  20. Zebra Longwing  (ph) (*)   ______  YP  (MCA:80)  (other names are simply Zebra, or Zebra Heliconian)  
    Heliconius charithonia

    The Zebra is a graceful butterfly that is a common sight in gardens and at roadside flowers. It roosts in large clusters, returning to the same roost night after night. It is very familiar to visitors of butterfly houses as it is easy to rear. 



    A Zebra Longwing photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Doug Johnson)

  21. Cydno Longwing  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Grinning Heliconian)
    Heliconius cydno

  22. Crimson-patched Longwing  (ph) (*) ______  YP  (MCA:81)  (another name is Erato Heliconian)
    Heliconius erato 
    Heliconius erato cruentus 
    subspecies in western Mexico  (subspecies described in 1998)



    Crimson-patched Longwing


  23. Five-spotted Longwing  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Five-spotted Heliconian)
    Heliconius hecalesia

  24. Hecale Longwing  (ph)  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Heart-spotted Heliconian)
    Heliconius hecale

    Heliconias hecale is a member of a color/pattern mimicry system with Charonias eurytele (in the PIERIDAE), Dismorphia eunoe (in the PIERIDAE), Napeogenes peredia (in ITHOMIINI in the NYMPHALIDAE), Eresia coela (in the NYMPHALIDAE), and a diurnal moth. 



    Hecale Longwing
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)


  25. Tiger-striped Longwing  (ph)  ______  (MCA:80)  (another name is Tiger Heliconian)
    Heliconius ismenius

    Heliconius ismenius is a member of a color/pattern mimicry system with Dismorphia amphiona (in the PIERIDAE), Melinaea lilis or ethra (in ITHOMIINAE in the NYMPHALIDAE), Eresia mechanitis (in the NYMPHALIDAE), Hypothyris euclea (in ITHOMIINAE in the NYMPHALIDAE), and a diurnal moth. 



    Tiger-striped Longwing


  26. Mexican Longwing  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Mexican Heliconian)
    Heliconius hortense

  27. Sara Longwing  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Sara Heliconian)
    Heliconius sara

  28. Sapho Longwing  ______  (MCA:81)  (another name is Blue-and-white Heliconian)
    Heliconius sapho


    Genus EUPTOIETA

  29. Variegated Fritillary  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:79)
    Euptoieta claudia






    Two photographs of the Variegated Fritillary
    (upper photo by Doris Potter, lower photo by Howard Eskin)

  30. Mexican Fritillary  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:79)
    Euptoieta hegesia



    Mexican Fritillary


    Genus SPEYERIA

  31. Nokomis Fritillary  ______  (MCA:79)
    Speyeria nokomis

  32. Callippe Fritillary  ______  (MCA:79)
    Speyeria callippe

  33. Coronis Fritillary  ______  (MCA:79)
    Speyeria coronis 



    Subfamily NYMPHALINAE:  TRUE BRUSHFOOTS

    Genus HISTORIS

  34. Orion Cecropian  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:127)
    Historis odius

    The wings of the Orion Cecropian have velvety brown uppersides and cryptically-colored undersides. At rest, with the wings folded, this butterfly blends into the background which is often tree bark. 





    2 photos of the Orion Cecropian 

  35. Tailed Cecropian  ______  (MCA:127) 
    Historis acheronta



    Genus BAEOTUS

  36. Graphic Beauty  ______  (MCA:116)
    Baeotus beotus


    Genus PYCINA

  37. Cloud-forest  Beauty  ______  (MCA:115)
    Pycina zamba


    Genus TIGRIDIA

  38. Tiger Beauty  ______  (MCA:116)
    Tigridia acesta



    Genus SMYRNA

  39. Blomfild's Beauty ______  YP  (MCA:115)
    Smyrna blomfildia

  40. Karwinski's Beauty ______  YP  (MCA:115)
    Smyrna karwinskii


    Genus COLOBURA 

  41. Dirce Beauty  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:116)  (another name is Small Beauty)
    Colobura dirce 

     

    Dirce Beauty

  42. New Beauty  ______  (MCA:116)  (species described in 2001)
    Colobura annulata


    Genus HYPANARTIA

  43. Godman's Mapwing  ______  (MCA:95)  (another name is Splendid Mapwing)
    Hypanartia godmani

  44. Orange Mapwing  ______  (MCA:95)
    Hypanartia lethe

  45. Banded Mapwing  ______  (MCA:95)
    Hypanartia dione

  46. Reddish Mapwing  ______  (MCA:95)
    Hypanartia trimaculata 


    Genus NYMPHALIS

  47. Mourning Cloak  (ph)  ______  (MCA:93)
    Nymphalis antiopa



    Mourning Cloak

  48. Mexican Tortoiseshell  ______  (MCA:93)
    Nymphalis cyanomelas

    The Mexican Tortoiseshell occurs in montane cloud forest.


    Genus POLYGONIA

  49. Question Mark  (ph)  ______  (MCA:93)
    Polygonia interrogationis



    Question Mark
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  50. Mexican Anglewing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:93)  (another name is Mexican Comma)
    Polygonia g-argenteum

  51. Spotless Anglewing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:93)  (another name is Spotless Comma)
    Polygonia haroldi


    Genus ERESIA

  52. Clio Crescent  ______  (MCA:87)  (another name is Creamy Crescent)
    Eresia clio

  53. Longwing Crescent  ______  (MCA:86)  (another name is Square-tipped Crescent)
    Eresia phillyra


    Genus CASTILIA

  54. Mimic Crescent ______  YP  (MCA:86)  (another name is Smudged Crescent)
    Castilia eranites

  55. Chinantian Crescent  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:86)  (another name is Pie-slice Crescent)  (species described in 1978) 
    Castilia chinantlensis

  56. Chiapas Crescent  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1990)
    Castilia chiapaensis

  57. White-dotted Crescent  ______  (MCA:87)
    Castilia ofella

  58. Gray-based Crescent  ______  (MCA:87)
    Castilia griseobasalis

  59. Mayan Crescent ______  YP  (MCA:87)
    Castilia myia


    Genus TEGOSA

  60. Nigrella Crescent  ______  (MCA:88)  (another name is Dark Tegosa)
    Tegosa nigrella

  61. Black-bordered Crescent  ______  YP  (MCA:88)  (another name is Black-bordered Tegosa)
    Tegosa anieta 

  62. Claudina Crescent  ______  (MCA:88)  (another name is Claudina's Tegosa)
    Tegosa claudina

  63. Guatemalan Crescent  ______  (MCA:88)  (another name is Guatemalan Tegosa)
    Tegosa guatelmalena


    Genus ANTHANASSA (or PHYCIODES)

  64. Texan Crescent  (ph)  ______  (MCA:90)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) texana 



    A Texan Crescent photographed during a FONT tour

  65. Ardys Crescent  ______  (MCA:90)  (another name is Ardent Crescent)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) ardys

  66. Cryptic Crescent  (MXe)  ______
    Anthanassa subota  

  67. Orange-patched Crescent  ______  (MCA:90)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) drusilla

  68. Notched Crescent  ______  (MCA:91)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) dracaena  

  69. Weak-banded Crescent  ______  (MCA:89)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) drymaea

  70. Nebulosa Crescent  ______  (MCA:91)  (another name is Blurry Crescent)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) nebulosa

  71. Darkened Crescent  ______  (MCA:91)  (another name is Black Crescent)
    Anthanassa ptolyca

  72. Montane Crescent  ______  (MCA:89)  (another name is Pine Crescent)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) sitalces

  73. Chestnut Crescent  ______  (MCA:89)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) argentea

  74. Brown Crescent  ______  (MCA:89)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) atronia

  75. Blackened Crescent  ______  (MCA:91)  (another name is Cloud-forest Crescent)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) otanes

  76. Pale-banded Crescent  ______  YP  (MCA:90)
    Anthanassa (or Phyciodes) tulcis 


    Genus PHYCIODES

  77. Vesta Crescent  ______  (MCA:92)
    Phyciodes graphica (or vesta)

  78. Mexican Crescent  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:92)
    Phyciodes pallescens

    Phyciodes pallescens is a Mexican endemic that occurs on occasion as a stray in southeastern Arizona.

  79. Mylitta Crescent  ______  (MCA:92)
    Phyciodes mylitta  

  80. Pearl Crescent  ______  (MCA:92)
    Phyciodes tharos

  81. Phaon Crescent  ______  YP  (MCA:92)
    Phyciodes phaon 



    Genus TEXOLA

  82. Arizona Checkerspot  ______  
    Texola perse

  83. Elada Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:85)
    Texola elada

  84. Anomalus Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:85)
    Texola anomalus

  85. Coracara Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______
    Texola coracara



    Genus DYMASIA

  86. Tiny Checkerspot  (ph)  ______  (MCA:85)
    Dymasia dymas



    Above & below: the Tiny Checkerspot, a variable species,
    photographed during FONT tours in Mexico
    (upper photo by Marie Gardner; lower photo by Rise Hill)







    Genus MICROTIA

  87. Elf ______  YP  (MCA:95)
    Microtia elva


    Genus CHLOSYNE:  PATCHES & CHECKERSPOTS

  88. Crimson-patch Checkerspot  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:82)  (another name is Crimson Patch)
    Chlosyne janais 



    The Crimson-patch Checkerspot, or Crimson Patch

  89. White-rayed Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:83)  (another name is White-rayed Patch)
    Chlosyne ehrenbergii

  90. Definite Checkerspot  ______
    Chlosyne definita

  91. Eumeda Checkerspot  ______
    Chlosyne eumeda

  92. Marina Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:83)  (another name is Red-spotted Patch)
    Chlosyne marina

  93. Melitaeoides Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______
    Chlosyne melitaeoides

    Chlosyne melitaeoides
    is a Mexican endemic that occurs as a stray in south Texas. 

  94. Bordered Patch  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:82)
    Chlosyne lacinia






    Bordered Patches, photographed during a FONT tour
    (photos by Doris Potter)

  95. Kendall's Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:84)  (another name is Nuevo Leon Checkerspot)
    Chlosyne kendallorum

  96. Erodyle Checkerspot  ______  YP  (MCA:83)  (another name is Guatemalan Patch)
    Chlosyne erodyle

  97. Banded Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:85)  (another name is Banded Patch)
    Chlosyne endeis

  98. Cream-banded Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:83)  (another name is Black Patch)
    Chlosyne melanarge

  99. Simple Patch ______  YP  (MCA:83)
    Chlosyne hippodrome

  100. Rosita Checkerspot  (ph)  ______  (MCA:82)  (another name is Rosita Patch)
    Chlosyne rosita



    A Rosita Checkerspot with some other butterflies 
    photographed during a FONT tour in Mexico
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


  101. Theona Checkerspot ______  YP  (MCA:84)
    Chlosyne
    (formerly Thessalia) theona

  102. Gaudy Checkerspot  ______  YP  (MCA:83)  (another name is Gaudy Patch)
    Chlosyne gaudialis

  103. Cyneas Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:84)  (another name is Black Checkerspot)
    Chlosyne cyneas

  104. Oaxacan Checkerspot  (MXe)  ______
    Chlosyne cynisca

  105. Fulvia Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:84)
    Chlosyne fulva

  106. Chinati Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:84)
    Chlosyne chinatiensis

  107. Sagebrush Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:84)
    Chlosyne acastus

  108. Leanira Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:84)
    Chlosyne leanira



    Genus POLADRYAS

  109. Dotted Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:85)
    Poladryas minuta
    (or simador

  110. Arachne Checkerspot  ______  (MCA:85)
    Poladryas arachne


    Genus VANESSA: LADY BUTTERFLIES  A widespread group of strong fliers, sometimes migratory, with bright oranges and reds. 

  111. Red Admiral  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:93)
    Vanessa atalania



    Two photographs of Red Admirals
    (above photo by Marie Gardner; lower photo of one on thistle by Howard Eskin)




  112. American Lady  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:93)
    Vanessa virginiensis



    An American Lady photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  113. Painted Lady  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:93)
    Vanessa cardui






    Painted Ladies 
    (upper photo by Doris Potter; lower photo by Howard Eskin)

  114. West Coast Lady  ______  (MCA:93)
    Vanessa annabella 




    Genus JUNONIA:  BUCKEYES 
      The common name is from the false eyes that are prominent on the wings. This is a widespread grouping, found nearly throughout much of the world.

  115. Northern Buckeye  (ph)  ______  (MCA:94)
    Junonia coenia



    A Northern or Common Buckeye 
    photographed during a FONT tour (in Arizona) 
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  116. Tropical Buckeye ______  BZ  YP  (MCA:94)  (in Mexico & Central America, mainly at lower elevations) 
    Junonia evarete
    Junonia evarete nigrosuffusa  ______ 
    Dark Buckeye  (MCA:94) 
    subspecies from the sw US & Texas to southern Mexico 

    The Tropical Buckeye and the Mangrove Buckeye are practically indistinguishable. Both often settle on open ground.

  117. Mangrove Buckeye ______  BZ  YP  (MCA:94)  (in Gulf Coast mangroves south at least to Belize & probably elsewhere in Central America) 
    Junonia genoveva


    Genus HYPOLIMNAS 

  118. The Mimic  (ph)  ______  YP
    Hypolimnas misippus

    The Mimic occurs along the coasts of the Yucatan, apparently as strays from further south. 



    Above & below: the Mimic
    Above a male, below a female.





    Genus ANARTIA  
    4 species found from the southern US to South America, and in the West Indies. They are among the more common butterflies in the tropics. They are swift fliers, and bear some resemblance to members of the CYNTHIA genus.  

  119. White Peacock  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:94)
    Anartia jatrophae

    The White Peacock is a common butterfly of open country, roadsides, beaches and wasteland, often with other species such as the Buckeye.  



    White Peacock

  120. Banded Peacock  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:94)
    Anartia fatima



    A Banded Peacock photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Doug Johnson)


    Genus SIPROETA

  121. Malachite  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:96)
    Siproeta stelenes 
    (has also been said to be in the genus Metamorpha

    The Malachite is a beautiful butterfly that has vivid green in large blotches and bands on a dark background. Usually a solitary flier, but it does congregate in numbers around rotting fruit. It is on the wing all year in the tropics.  


     

    Malachite 

  122. Rusty-tipped Page  (ph)  ______  (MCA:96)
    Siproeta epaphus






    Above: Two photos of the Rusty-tipped Page.
    The lower photo taken during a FONT tour.
    (lower photo by Rosemary Lloyd)

  123. Broad-banded Page  ______  (MCA:96)
    Siproeta superba




    Subfamily LIMENITIDINAE:  ADMIRALS & SISTERS

    Genus LIMENITIS

  124. Red-spotted Admiral  (ph)  ______  (MCA:108)  (another name is Red-spotted Purple)
    Limenitis arthemis



    The Red-spotted Admiral, or Red-spotted Purple
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  125. Weidemeyer's Admiral  ______
    Limenitis weidemeyerii

  126. Viceroy  (ph)  ______  (MCA:108)
    Limenitis archippus

    The Viceroy is a mimic of the widespread and conspicuous (but distasteful) Monarch. The Viceroy is recognized by its postmedian black line on the hindwing and a SINGLE row of white spots in the black marginal band. Both of these characteristics can be seen in the photo below.



    Viceroy
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


    Genus ADELPHA: SISTERS 
    Over a hundred species which are among the most common and characteristic butterflies of the Neotropics. They occur from Central America south to Argentina, with some in the West Indies. Throughout their range, they can be found from sea level to 8 or 9,000 feet. 
    These butterflies share the characteristic of an orange patch at the apex of the forewing.     

  127. Band-celled Sister (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:97)
    Adelpha fessonia

  128. Spot-celled Sister ______  YP  (MCA:97)
    Adelpha basiloides

  129. Mexican Sister  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:99)
    Adelpha bredowii

  130. Arizona Sister  ______
    Adelpha eulalia

  131. California Sister  ______
    Adelpha californica

  132. Short-tailed Sister  ______  (MCA:98)  (another name is Tailed Sister)
    Adelpha diocles

  133. Paroeca Sister  ______  (MCA:99)  (another name is Eyed Sister)
    Adelpha paroeca

  134. Confusing Sister ______  YP  (MCA:97)
    Adelpha iphicleola

  135. Bates' Sister ______  YP
    Adelpha paraena 
    Adelpha paraena massilia  ______
    Massilia Sister  (MCA:97)

  136. Nea Sister ______  YP   
    Adelpha nea 
    Adelpha nea sentia  ______ 
    Sentia Sister 
    (another name is Scarce Sister (MCA:98)  subspecies in southeast Mexico, including Oaxaca & Veracruz, & the Yucatan, and Belize 

  137. Serpa Sister  ______
    Adelpha serpa
    Adelpha serpa celerio  ______ 
    Celerio Sister 
    (another name is Celadon Sister)   (MCA:97)

  138. Godman's Sister  ______  (MCA:97)  (another name is Dentate Sister)
    Adelpha seriphia

  139. Pithy Sister  ______  (MCA:98)
    Adelpha pithys

  140. Donysa Sister  ______  (MCA:98)  (another name is Montane Sister)
    Adelpha donysa 

  141. Iphiclus Sister  (ph)  ______  (MCA:99)  (another name is Pointer Sister)
    Adelpha iphiclus (or massilides)



    Iphiclus, or Pointer Sister

  142. Etheida Sister  ______  (MCA:101)  (another name is Silver-banded Sister)
    Adelpha etheida

  143. Cytherea Sister  ______  (MCA:98)  (another name is Smooth-banded Sister)
    Adelpha cytherea

  144. Golden-banded Sister  ______  (MCA:101)
    Adelpha salmoneus

  145. Diaz's Sister  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:99)  (also called Mexican Sister)
    Adelpha diazi

  146. Naxia Sister ______  YP  (MCA:99)  (another name is Three-part Sister)
    Adelpha naxia

  147. Venezuelan Sister ______  YP  (MCA:99)
    Adelpha malea 
    Adelpha malea fundania  ______ 
    Fundamia Sister  (MCA:99)

  148. Barnes' Sister ______  YP
    Adelpha barnesia 
    Adelpha barnesia leucas  ______ 
    Leucas Sister  (MCA:99)

  149. Boeotia Sister  ______  (MCA:100)
    Adelpha boeotia
    Adelpha boeotia oberthurii
    (or jacquelinae)  ______  Oberthur's Sister  (MCA:100)

  150. Delinita Sister  ______  (MCA:100)
    Adelpha delinita
    Adelpha delinita utina
    (or escalantei ______  Utina Sister  (MCA:100)

  151. Erotia Sister  ______  (MCA:100)  (another name is Stitched Sister)
    Adelpha erotia

  152. Phylaca Sister  ______  YP  (MCA:100)  (another name is Cecropia Sister)
    Adelpha phylaca  

  153. Rayed Sister  ______  (MCA:101)
    Adelpha (lycorias) melanthe

  154. Yellow-striped Sister  ______  (MCA:101)  (another name is Orange-striped Sister)
    Adelpha leuceria

  155. Tawny-striped Sister  ______  (MCA:101)  (another name is Veracruz Sister
    Adelpha leucerioides

  156. Erymanthis Sister  ______  (MCA:100)  (also called Godman's Sister)
    Adelpha erymanthis 

  157. Lorza's Sister  ______  (MCA:100)  (another name is Orange-washed Sister)
    Adelpha cocala

  158. Felder's Sister  ______  (MCA:98)  (another name is Rusty Sister)
    Adelpha felderi

  159. Salus Sister  ______  (MCA:101)  (another name is Lost Sister
    Adelpha salus

  160. Miller's Sister  ______  (MCA:100)  (another name is Cloistered Sister)
    Adelpha milleri     


    Subfamily BIBLIDINAE

    Genus BOLBONEURA

  161. Variable Banner  ______  (MCA:107)  (another name is Crinkled Banner)
    Bolboneura sylphis


    Genus EPIPHILE

  162. Common Banner  ______  (MCA:106)
    Epiphile adrasta

  163. Plutonia Banner  ______  (MCA:106)  (another name is Blue-and-orange Banner)
    Epiphile iblis

  164. Beautiful Banner  ______  (MCA:106)  (species described in 1978)
    Epiphile hermosa
      


    Genus DYNAMINE

  165. Mexican Sailor ______  YP  (MCA:102)  (another name is Four-spotted Sailor)
    Dynamine postverta

  166. Blue-eyed Sailor ______  YP  (MCA:102)
    Dynamine dyonis

  167. White Sailor ______  YP  (MCA:103)
    Dynamine theseus 

  168. Little Sailor  ______  (MCA:103)
    Dynamine ate

  169. Small-eyed Sailor  ______  (MCA:102)
    Dynamine artemisia 


    Genus PYRRHOGYRA

  170. Double-banded Banner  ______  YP  (MCA:103)  (another name is White-edged Red-ring)
    Pyrrhogyra otolais

  171. Green-spotted Banner ______  YP  (MCA:103)  (another name is Complete Red-ring)
    Pyrrhogyra edocla

  172. Banded Banner  ______  YP  (MCA:103)  (another name is Leading Red-ring)
    Pyrrhogyra neaerea


    Genus TEMENIS

  173. Orange Banner ______  YP  (MCA:107)
    Temenis laothoe


    Genus NICA

  174. Little Banner ______  YP  (MCA:107)
    Nica flavilla


    Genus CALLICORE

  175. Six-spotted Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:104)
    Callicore lyca

  176. Blue-stitched Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:104)
    Callicore astarte

  177. Two-eyed Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:104)
    Callicore pitheas

  178. Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:104)
    Callicore texa

  179. Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:104)
    Callicore tolima


    Genus DIAETHRIA

  180. Anna's Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:105)
    Diaethria anna

  181. West Mexican Eighty-eight  (MXe)  ______
    Diaethria asteria

  182. Astala Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:105)  (another name is Navy Eighty-eight)
    Diaethria astala

  183. White-patched Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:105)
    Diaethria bacchis

  184. Orange-striped Eighty-eight  ______  (MCA:105)
    Diaethria pandama


    Genus BIBLIS 
    A single species. Breeds on Traiga, a species of spurge.  

  185. Red Rim  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:107)
    Biblis hyperia 

    The Red Rim is quite variable throughout its range. It is a fairly slow flyer that frequents open ground, feeding often on rotting fruit, but often settling. with open wings, on green vegetation. It can be common.



    Red Rim


    Genus  MESTRA

  186. Northern Mestra ______  YP  (MCA:107)  (another name is Common Mestra)
    Mestra amymone 


    Genus NESSAEA

  187. Northern Nessaea  ______  YP  (MCA:107)  (another name is Common Olivewing)
    Nessaea aglaura 


    Ggenus MYSCELIA

  188. Blackened Bluewing  (MXe)  _____  (MCA:108)
    Myscelia cyananthe

    Myscelia cyananthe is a Mexican endemic that does on occasion stray to southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and southern California in the US.

  189. Whitened Bluewing  ______  YP  (MCA:108)
    Myscelia cyaniris

  190. Mexican Bluewing  (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:108)
    Myscelia ethusa



    Genus CATONEPHELE 

  191. West Mexican Banner  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:109)  (species described in 1982)
    Catonephele cortesi

  192. East Mexican Banner  ______  YP  (MCA:109)  (another name is Guatemalan Catone)  (species described in 1985)
    Catonephele mexicana

  193. Blue-frosted Banner  (ph)  ______  (MCA:109)  (another name is Spotlight Catone)
    Catonephele numilia



    Two Blue-frosted Banners (or Stoplight Catones) photographed during FONT tours
    Above: a male; below: a female
    (the lower photo by Virginia Woodhouse in March 2012)






    Genus EUNICA 
      There are from some say 40 or so to maybe 60 species in this genus in Central & South America, and in the Greater Antilles, with most, however, occurring exclusively in upper Amazonian basin. They live mostly in primary forest, and have a preference for sub-montane habitats. Like most NYMPHALIDS, they are attracted to putrefying fruit. Most species are medium-sized with dull coloring and SATYRID-like ocelli and markings below.    

  194. Florida Purplewing  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:111)
    Eunica tatila



    Florida Purplewing

  195. Dingy Purplewing  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:111)
    Eunica monima



    Dingy Purplewing

  196. Rayed Purplewing  ______  (MCA:110)  (species described in 1990)
    Eunica malvina

  197. Blind Purplewing  ______  (MCA:110)
    Eunica mygdonia

  198. Plain Purplewing  ______  (MCA:110)
    Eunica sydonia

  199. Blue-celled Purplewing  ______  (MCA:111)
    Eunica volumna

  200. Shining Purplewing  ______  (MCA:111)
    Eunica alpais

  201. Mottled Purplewing  ______  (MCA:111)
    Eunica caelina

  202. Dark Purplewing  ______  (MCA:110)
    Eunica alcmena

  203. Rounded Purplewing  ______
    Eunica pomona



    Genus HAMADRYAS: 
    the CRACKERS, also called "CALICO BUTTERFLIES" 

  204. Red Cracker  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:112)
    Hamadryas amphinome



    Red Cracker  (the red is on the other side of the wings)

  205. Gray Cracker  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:113)
    Hamadryas februa 



    A Gray Cracker on a treetrunk, photographed during the FONT March 2009 Yucatan, Mexico Tour 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  206. Glaucous Cracker  ______  (MCA:114)
    Hamadryas glauconome

  207. Yucatan Cracker ______  YP  (MCA:113)  (species endemic to the Yucatan Peninsula)
    Hamadryas julitta
    (or honorina)

  208. Black-patched Cracker  ______  (MCA:112,113)
    Hamadryas atlantis

  209. Variable Cracker ______  YP  (MCA:114)
    Hamadryas feronia

  210. Guatemalan Cracker  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:114)
    Hamadryas guatemalena



    A Guatemalan Cracker photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  211. Brownish Cracker  ______  (MCA:113)
    Hamadryas iphthime

  212. Orange Cracker  ______  (MCA:112)
    Hamadryas fornax

  213. Starry Cracker  ______  (MCA:112,113)
    Hamadryas laodamia


    Genus ECTIMA

  214. Northern Ectima  ______  (MCA:103)  (another name is Northern Crackerlet)
    Ectima erycinoides
     


    Subfamily CYRESTINAE:  DAGGERWINGS

    Genus MARPESIA:  DAGGERWINGS  
    Mostly Central & South American butterflies, but also occurs in Africa. 

    Called "DAGGERWINGS" after the long tail on each hindwing. These butterflies, some of which are dimorphic, engage in mud-puddling.  

  215. Many-banded Daggerwing  ______  YP  (MCA:117)
    Marpesia chiron  

  216. Ruddy Daggerwing  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:117)
    Marpesia petreus



    Ruddy Daggerwing

  217. Orange-banded Daggerwing  ______  (MCA:117)
    Marpesia corita

  218. Pale Daggerwing  ______  (MCA:117)
    Marpesia harmonia

  219. Waiter Daggerwing  ______  (MCA:117)
    Marpesia zerynthia



    Genus AGRIAS

  220. Great Agrias  ______  (MCA:118)
    Agrias aedon

  221. White-spotted Agrias  ______  (MCA:118)
    Agrias amydon



    Genus ARCHAEOPREPONA

  222. White-spotted Prepona  ______  (MCA:118)
    Archaeoprepona amphimachus


  223. One-spotted Prepona  ______  YP  (MCA:118)
    Archaeoprepona demophon

  224. Two-spotted Prepona  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:118)
    Archaeoprepona demophoon
    Archaeoprepona demophoon gulima  ______ 
    subspecies from eastern Mexico to the Amazon basin
    Archaeoprepona demophoon mexicana  ______ 
    subspecies in western Mexico  (subspecies described in 1993)



    Two-spotted Prepona


  225. Three-toned Prepona  ______
    Archaeoprepona meander

  226. Falcate Prepona  ______  (MCA:118)
    Archaeoprepona phaedra  


    Genus PREPONA 

  227. Orange-spotted Prepona  ______  (MCA:119)
    Prepona deiphile

  228. Least Prepona  ______  (MCA:119)
    Prepona dexamenus

  229. Yellow-tufted Prepona  ______  YP  (MCA:119)  (another name is Feathered Prepona)
    Prepona laertes

  230. Mottled Prepona  ______  YP  (MCA:119)
    Prepona pylene 



    Genera ANAEA, FOUNTAINEA, & MEMPHIS:  LEAFWINGS 
      This grouping of about 120 species occurs in Central & South America and on Caribbean islands. They are similar in behavior to the African genus CHARAXES. 
    MEMPHIS is said now, by some, to be a subgenus of ANAEA.

    These are called LEAFWING BUTTERFLIES because the undersides of their wings are leaf-like and so disguise the butterflies when they settle on the ground. Some species are sexually dimorphic. 
    The larvae feed on members of the Euphorbiacae (spurges), Piperaceae (peppers), and Lauraceae.)    

     

    The Florida Leafwing (above), of Florida and Caribbean islands has been said
    to be a subspecies of the Tropical Leafwing
    (below) of mostly Mexico & Central America.

  231. Tropical Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:121)
    Anaea aidea

  232. Goatweed Leafwing  ______  (MCA:121)
    Anaea andria



    A Goatweed Leafwing photographed during a FONT tour 
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  233. Rayo Leafwing  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1978)
    Fountainea rayoensis

  234. Noble Leafwing  ______  (MCA:120,121)
    Fountainea
    (or Anaea) nobilis

  235. Pointed Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:120)
    Fountainea
    (or Anaea) eurypyle

  236. Ryhea Leafwing  ______  (MCA:120)  (another name is Blue-barred Leafwing)
    Fountainea (or Anaea) ryphea

  237. Thorn-scrub Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:120)  (another name is Pear-winged Leafwing)
    Anaea halice 
    Anaea halice tehuana  ______ 
    subspecies in western Mexico, Jalisco to Chiapas
    Anaea halice martinezi  ______ 
    subspecies in southeastern Mexico, Vera Cruz to northern Oaxaca  (subspecies described in 1978) 
    Anaea halice maya  ______ 
    subspecies on the Yucatan peninsula  (subspecies described in 1980)  

  238. Angled Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:121)
    Anaea
    glycerium
    Anaea glycerium glycerium  ______ 
    subspecies eastern & western Mexico south to Panama
    Anaea glycerium yucatanum  ______ 
    subspecies on the Yucatan peninsula  (subspecies described in 1980)

  239. Aureola Leafwing  ______  (MCA:128)  (another name is Aureole Leafwing)
    Memphis aureola

  240. Perenna Leafwing  ______  (MCA:125)  (another name is Big-spotted Leafwing
    Memphis perenna

  241. Herbacea Leafwing  ______  (MCA:125)  (another name is Scarce Leafwing)
    Memphis herbacea

  242. Great Leafwing  (MXe)  ______
    Memphis schausiana

  243. Proserpina Leafwing  ______  (MCA:124)  (has been called Great Leafwing)
    Memphis proserpina

  244. Orange-striped Leafwing  ______  (MCA:124)
    Memphis philumena

  245. Carolina Leafwing  ______  (MCA:127)  (another name is Corner-spotted Leafwing)
    Memphis xenocles carolina  ______ 
    subspecies from southeastern Mexico to Panama

  246. Wavy-edged Leafwing  ______  (MCA:126)  (species described in 1965)
    Memphis neidhoeferi

  247. Mottled Leafwing  ______  (MCA:125)
    Memphis arginussa

  248. Pale-spotted Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:125)
    Memphis pithyusa

  249. Boisduval's Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:126)  (another name is Laurel Leafwing)
    Memphis moruus boisduvali  ______  subspecies from eastern Mexico to Panama  (subspecies described in 1961)

  250. Edge Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:126)  (has been called Boisduval's Leafwing
    Memphis oenomais

  251. White-patched Leafwing  ______  (MCA:126)
    Memphis artacaena

  252. Dia Leafwing  ______  (MCA:128)  (another name is Shining Leafwing
    Memphis dia

  253. Forrer's Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:127)  (another name is Guatemalan Leafwing)
    Memphis forreri

  254. Godman's Leafwing  ______  
    Memphis mora orthesia  ______  Orthesia Leafwing  (MCA:128)  subspecies from southeast Mexico to Panama

  255. Hedemann's Leafwing  ______  (MCA:124)  (another name is Double-banded Leafwing
    Memphis hedemanni

  256. Welling's Leafwing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:128)  (species described in 1976)
    Memphis wellingi


    Genus ZARETIS

  257. Isadora Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:122)  (another name is Cramer's Leafwing)
    Zaretis isidora 

  258. Pale Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:122)  (another name is Ghost Leafwing)
    Zaretis callidryas

  259. Seasonal Leafwing  ______  (MCA:122)  (another name is Holey Leafwing)
    Zaretis ellops (or anzuletta)

  260. Itys Leafwing  ______  (MCA:122)  (another name is Skeletonized Leafwing)
    Zaretis itys


    Genus CONSUL

  261. Pearly Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:123)  (another name is Jazzy Leafwing)
    Consul electra

  262. Black-veined Leafwing  ______  (MCA:123)
    Consul excellens

  263. Tiger-striped Leafwing  ______  (MCA:123)  (another name is Tiger Leafwing)
    Consul fabius


    Genus HYPNA

  264. Silver-studded Leafwing  ______
    Hypna clytemnestra 



    Genus SIDERONE

  265. Red-striped Leafwing  ______  YP  (MCA:123)  (another name is Red-and-black Leafwing)
    Siderone galanthis 

  266. Red-patched Leafwing  ______  (MCA:123)
    Siderone syntyche
     


    Subfamily APATURINAS:  EMPERORS

    Genus ASTEROCAMPA

  267. Hackberry Emperor  ______  (MCA:129)
    Asterocampa celtis

  268. Empress Leilia  (ph)  ______  (MCA:129)
    Asterocampa leilia



    Above & below: the Empress Leilia
    (upper photo by Howard Eskin;
     lower photo by Doris Potter during a FONT tour)




  269. Tawny Emperor  ______  (MCA:129)
    Asterocampa clyton

  270. Dusky Emperor ______  
    Asterocampa idyja 
    Asterocampa idyia argus  ______ 
    "Cream-banded" Dusky Emperor  YP  (MCA:129) 
    subspecies in Mexico


    Genus DOXOCOPA

  271. Mexican Emperor  ______  (MCA:130)  (another name is Cyan Emperor)
    Doxocopa cyane

  272. Silver Emperor  ______  YP  (MCA:130)
    Doxocopa laure

  273. Pavon Emperor ______  YP  (MCA:130)
    Doxocopa pavon

  274. Turquoise Emperor  (ph)  ______  (MCA:130)
    Doxocopa laurentia



    A Turquoise Emperor photographed during a FONT tour 

  275. Nicaraguan Emperor  ______  (MCA:130)  (another name is Guatemalan Emperor)
    Doxocopa callianara


    Genus MORPHO

  276. Common Morpho  (ph) (*) ______  YP  (MCA:131)
    Morpho helenor 



    Above & below: two photographs of the Common Morpho
    taken during FONT tours
    (upper photo by Patricia Yoder; lower photo by Virginia Woodhouse)




  277. White Morpho  ______  (MCA:131)
    Morpho polyphemus

  278. Stub-tailed Morpho  ______  (MCA:131)
    Morpho theseus


    Genus ANTIRRHEA

  279. Northern Antirrhea  ______  (MCA:131)  (another name is White-signed Morphet)
    Antirrhea philoctetes


    Genus CALIGO:  OWL BUTTERFLIES

  280. Dark Owl Butterfly  ______  (MCA:132)  (another name is Almond-eyed Owl-Butterfly)
    Caligo brasiliensis



    Dark Owl Butterfly

  281. Pale Owl-Butterfly  (ph) (*)   ______  YP  (MCA:132)  (another name is Yellow-fronted Owl-Butterfly
    Caligo telamonius



    A Pale, or Yellow-fronted Owl-Butterfly photographed during a FONT tour 

    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  282. Gold-edged Owl-Butterfly  (*) ______  YP  (MCA:132)  (another name is Yellow-bordered Owl-Butterfly
    Caligo uranus



    Golden-edged Owl-Butterfly

  283. Fruhstorfer's Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:132)  (another name is Boomerang Owl-Butterfly
    Caligo oedipus


    Genus ERYPHANIS

  284. Double-spotted Owl-Butterfly  ______  YP  (MCA:132)
    Eryphanis aesacus 


    Genus DYNASTOR

  285. Green-eyed Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:132)
    Dynastor macrosiris

  286. Daring Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:132)  (another name is Bromeliad Owl-Butterfly)
    Dynastor darius


    Genus MIELKELLA

  287. Singular Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:133)  (another name is Mayan Owl-Butterfly)
    Mielkella singularis


    Genus OPOPTERA

  288. Staudinger's Owl-Butterfly  ______
    Opoptera staudingeri


    Genus NAROPE

  289. Brown Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:132)
    Narope testacea

  290. Small Owl-Butterfly  ______
    Narope minor


    Genus OPSIPHANES

  291. Minerva's Owl-Butterfly  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 2007)
    Opsiphanes blythekitzmillerae

  292. Narrow-banded Owl-Butterfly  ______  YP  (MCA:133)  (another name is Heliconia Owlet)
    Opsiphanes tamarindi

  293. Cassia's Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:133)  (another name is Linnean Owlet)
    Opsiphanes cassiae

  294. Split-banded Owl-Butterfly  ______  YP  (MCA:133)  (another name is Split-banded Owlet)
    Opsiphanes cassina

  295. Orange Owl-Butterfly  ______  YP  (MCA:133)  (another name is Orange Owlet)
    Opsiphanes boisduvalii

  296. Lowland Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:133)  (another name is Lowland Owlet)
    Opsiphanes invirae

  297. Scalloped Owl-Butterfly  ______  (MCA:133)  (another name is Scalloped Owlet)
    Opsiphanes quiteria


    SATYRS

    Genus TAYGETIS

  298. Common Ur-Satyr  ______
    Taygetis thamyra

  299. Cramer's Ur-Satyr  ______
    Taygetis virgilia


    Genus PAREUPTYCHIA

  300. White Satyr  ______
    Pareuptychia ocirrhoe

  301. White-banded Satyr ______
    Pareuptychia metaleuca


    Genus CISSIA

  302. Confused Satyr  ______
    Cissia confusa

  303. Gold-stained Satyr  ______
    Cissia pseudoconfusa

  304. Rusty-spotted Satyr  ______
    Cissia labe

  305. Plain Satyr  ______
    Cissia pompilia

  306. Stormy Satyr  ______
    Cissia similis

  307. Terrestrial Satyr ______
    Cissia terrestris 


    Genus HERMEUPTYCHIA

  308. Carolina Satyr  ______
    Hermeuptychia sosybius


    Genus YPHTHIMOIDES

  309. Renata's Satyr  ______
    Yphthimoides renata


    Genus CEPHEUPTYCHIA

  310. Mexican Blue-Satyr  ______
    Cepheuptychia glaucina


    Genus MAGNEUPTYCHIA

  311. Blue-gray Satyr  ______
    Magneuptychia libya 



    Genus DANAUS:  ROYALTY 
    Known also as TIGER BUTTERFLIES. There are representatives in all of the geographical regions of the world. More species occur in the Old World, but one of the best known butterflies of the New World is Danaus plexippus, the Monarch. Larvae of this genus feed on members of the milkweed and dogbane families, and render themselves poisonous to predators by storing plant poisons. Other butterflies mimic the toxic members of this genus.  

  312. Monarch  (ph) (*)  ______  YP  (MCA:141)
    Danaus plexippus






    Two photos of Monarchs 
    (photos by Howard Eskin)

    The Monarch is one of the few butterfly species to migrate long distances. It undertakes seasonal flights that rival those of many birds.
    Monarchs mate on the ground. Then the male carries his partner aloft. The metamorphosis from egg to butterfly takes about a month.
    The last generation of butterflies born each summer become fall migrants to mostly the pine-clad mountains of central Mexico, with some in western North America to coastal California.
    With no older generation to guide them, Monarchs migrate by a genetically inherited navigation system, traveling in fronts of hundreds of thousands of individuals. They can cover up to 180 miles a day, flying, gliding, and soaring on updrafts of air,
    Reaching their destination, the butterflies spend the winter clustered in groves of trees.  

         

    In one particular area of central Mexico, where million of Monarchs winter, 
    not only are the pine trees covered with them, but so is the ground below 
    where the butterflies and pine needles fall.
    This photograph was taken during a FONT tour in the mountains of central Mexico.
    (photo by Alan Brady)  

  313. Queen  (ph) (*) ______  YP  (MCA:141)
    Danaus gilippus



    Queen
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  314. Soldier  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:141)
    Danaus eresimus

    The Soldier is a Mullerian mimic with the Monarch, Queen, and Viceroy.



    A Soldier photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


    Genus LYCOREA

  315. Tiger Mimic-Queen  (ph)  ______  (MCA:141)
    Lycorea halis



    A Tiger Mimic-Queen photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  316. Clearwing Mimic-Queen  ______  (MCA:141)
    Lycorea ilione


    Genus ANETIA

  317. Cloud-forest King  ______  (MCA:141) (another name is Cloud-forest Monarch 
    Anetia thirza


    ITHOMIINI:  CLEAR-WINGED BUTTERFLIES


    Genus TITHOREA

  318. Harmonica Tigerwing  ______  YP  (MCA:144)  (another name is Black-fronted Prestonian
    Tithorea harmonica

  319. Cream-spotted Tigerwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Variable Prestonian
    Tithorea tarricina


    Genus AERIA

  320. Banded Tigerwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Black-and-yellow Prestonian)
    Aeria eurimedia


    Genus OLYRAS

  321. Rusty Tigerwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Rusty Ticlear)
    Olyras theon


    Genus MELINAEA

  322. Mimic Tigerwing  ______
    Melinaea lilis


    Genus THYRIDIA

  323. Melantho Tigerwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Clapping Ticlear)
    Thyridia psidii 


    Genus NAPEOGENES

  324. Tolosa Tigerwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Tollhouse Ticlear)
    Napeogenes tolosa


    Genus HYPOTHYRIS

  325. Euclea Tigerwing  ______
    Hypothyris euclea

  326. Lycaste Tigerwing  ______
    Hypothyris lycaste 


    Genus MECHANITIS 

  327. Lysimnia Tigerwing  ______  (another name is Confused Tigerwing)
    Mechanitis lysimnia

  328. Menapis Tigerwing ______  (another name is Variable Tigerwing)
    Mechanitis menapis

  329. Polymnia Tigerwing  ______
    Mechanitis polymnia 



    Genus ITHOMIA 

  330. Patilla Ithomia  ______  YP  (MCA:142)  (another name is Guatemalan Ithomia)
    Ithomia patilla 

  331. Leilia's Clearwing  ______  (MCA:142)  (another name is Leila's Ithomia)
    Ithomia leila


    Genus HYPOSCADA

  332. Virginiana Clearwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Virginia's Ticlear)
    Hyposcada virginiana


    Genus OLERIA

  333. Paula's Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)  (another name is Paula's Oleria)
    Oleria paula

  334. Zea Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)  (another name is Bar-celled Oleria)
    Oleria zea


    Genus CERATINIA

  335. Tulia Clearwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Yellow-tipped Ticlear)
    Ceratinia tutia


    Genus CALLITHOMIA

  336. Hezia Clearwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is White-leading Ticlear)
    Callithomia hezia


    Genus PTERONYMIA

  337. Alcmena Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)  (another name is Guatemalan Clearwing)
    Pteronymia alcmena

  338. Artena Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)  (another name is Pointed Clearwing
    Pteronymia artena

  339. Cotytto Clearwing ______  YP  (MCA:143)    (another name is Broad-tipped Clearwing)
    Pteronymia cotytto 

  340. West Mexican Clearwing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:143)  (another name is Brown-rimmed Clearwing)
    Pteronymia rufocincta

  341. Simple Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)
    Pteronymia simplex 

  342. Four-spotted Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)
    Pteronymia paqrva



    Genus GODYRIS

  343. Nero Clearwing  ______  (MCA:142)  (another name is Fiddler's Ticlear)
    Godyris nero

  344. Variegated Clearwing  ______  YP  (MCA:144)  (another name is Variegated Ticlear)
    Godyris zavaleta 


    Genus DIRCENNA


  345. Dero Clearwing  ______  YP  (MCA:144)   (another name is Big-bordered Dircenna
    Dircenna dero

  346. Jemina Clearwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Geyer's Dircenna)
    Dircenna jemina

  347. Klug's Clearwing  ______  (MCA:144)  (another name is Klug's Dircenna)
    Dircenna klugii


    Genus EPISCADA

  348. Salvin's Clearwing  ______  (MCA:143)  (another name is Salvin's Ticlear)
    Episcada salvinia



    Genus HYPOLERIA

  349. Lavinia Clearwing  ______  (MCA:142)  (another name is Fuzzy-spotted Ticlear)
    Hypoleria lavinia


    Genus GRETA

  350. Rusty Clearwing  (ph)  ______  (MCA:142)  (another name is Thick-tipped Greta)
    Greta morgane
    Greta morgane morgane 
    subspecies in western Mexico, from Nayarit to southern Oaxaca
    Greta morgane oto  ______
    "Darkened" Rusty Clearwing 
    subspecies in eastern Mexico, south to Panama  



    The Rusty Clearwing, or Thick-tipped Greta

  351. Andromica Clearwing  ______  (MCA:142)  (another name is Curvy-veined Greta)
    Greta andromica

  352. White-spotted Clearwing  ______  (MCA:142)  (another name is White-spotted Greta)
    Greta annette


    FAMILY HESPERIIDAE:  SKIPPERS 
    A very large family of more than 3,500 species throughout the world, of stout-bodied, short-winged butterflies that resemble day-flying moths. The adult butterfly's flight resembles a "skipping" motion when going from flower to flower. Their forewings are closed above their back when they are settled. 

    Subfamily PYRGINAE 

    Genus OXYNETRA

  353. Hopffer's Firetip  ______
    Oxynetra hopfferi


    Genus AZONAX

  354. Typhaon Skipper  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name is Big-spotted Mytip
    Azonax typhaon


    Genus MYSCELUS

  355. Widespread Myscelus  ______  YP  (MCA:148)  (another name is Common Mytip)
    Myscelus amystis

  356. Belt's Myscelus  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name is Cinnamon Mytip)
    Myscelus belti

  357. Dyar's Myscelus  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name is Chocolate-vented Mytip)
    Myscelus perissodora

  358. Fiery Myscelus  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name is Blue-and-orange Mytip)
    Myscelus assaricus


    Genus CHALYPYGE  (was included in PYRRHOPYGE) 

  359. Orange-rimmed Skipper  ______  (MCA:146)  (another name is Orange-rimmed Firetip) 
    Chalypyge (formerly Pyrrhopyge) chalybea


    Genus PARELBELLA

  360. Macleannan's Skipper  ______  (MCA:147)  (another name is Maclean's Firetip
    Parelbella macleannani

  361. Mielke's Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 2008)
    Parelbella nigra


    Genus JEMADIA

  362. Dot-collared Skipper  ______  (MCA:147)  (another name is Dot-collared Firetip)
    Jemadia pseudognetus


    Genus APYRROTHRIS (was included in PYRRHOPYGE)

  363. Araxes Skipper  (ph)  ______  (MCA:148) (BAPG:231,233)  (has also been called Dull Firetip)
    Apyrrothris (formerly Pyrrhopyge) araxes



    An Araxes Skipper, or Dull Firetip photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    Genus MELANOPYGE (was included in PYRRHOPYGE)

  364. Red-spotted Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name is Bell's Firetip)
    Melanopyge (formerly Pyrrhopyge) mulleri

  365. Spotted Skipper  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name has been Red-spotted Firetip)
    Melanopyge (formerly Pyrrhopyge) erythrosticta

  366. Dotted Skipper  ______  (MCA:148)  (species yet to be described)
    Melanopyge sp.

  367. Hoffmann's Skipper  ______  (MCA:148)  (another name is Freeman's Firetip)  (species described in 1977)
    Melanopyge (formerly Pyrrhopyge) hoffmanni 


    Genus ELBELLA

  368. Scylla Firetip  ______  YP  (MCA:146)  (another name is Red-collared Firetip)
    Elbella scylla

  369. Patrobas Skipper  ______  YP  BZ  (MCA:147)  (another name is Blue-lined Firetip)
    Elbella patrobas

  370. Rober's Skipper  ______
    Elbella miodesmiata


    Genus ASPITHA

  371. Leander Firetip  ______
    Aspitha leander


    Genus PYRRHOPYGE

  372. Red-headed Firetip  ______  YP  (MCA:146)
    Pyrrhopyge zenodorus
    (has been Pyrrhopyge phidias zenodorus)

  373. White-banded Firetip  ______  (MCA:146)
    Pyrrhopyge crida


    Genus JONASPYGE

  374. Scallop-edged Firetip  ______  (MCA:146)  (another name is Wavy-edged Firetip)
    Jonaspyge (formerly Pyrrhopyge) jonas

  375. Freeman's Firetip  ______  (MCA:146)  (another name is Chiapas Firetip)  (species described in 1969)
    Jonaspyge (formerly Pyrrhopyge) tzotzili


    Genus AMYSORIA

  376. Red-banded Firetip  ______  (MCA:146)  (another name is Orange-striped Firetip)
    Amysoria galgala


    Genus MYSORIA

  377. Royal Firetip  ______  (MCA:147)
    Mysoria barcastus

  378. Blue-collared Firetip  ______  (MCA:147)
    Mysoria amra

  379. Red-collared Firetip  ______  (MCA:147)  (another name is West Mexican Firetip)
    Mysoria affinis (or wilsoni)  


    Genus CELAENORRHINUS

  380. Dotted Flat  ______  (MCA:178)
    Celaenorrhinus monartus

  381. Fritzgaetner's Flat  ______  (MCA:178) (BAPG:377)
    Celaenorrhinus fritzgaertneri

  382. Stalling's Flat  ______  (MCA:178)  (species described in 1946)
    Celaenorrhinus stallingsi  

  383. Stola Flat  ______  (MCA:178)  (another name is Elegant Flat)  (species described in 1952)
    Celaenorrhinus stola

  384. Stoll's Flat  ______  (MCA:178)
    Celaenorrhinus eligius

  385. Small Flat  ______
    Celaenorrhinus cynapes


    Genus MIMIA

  386. Phidyle Skipper  ______
    Mimia phidyle

  387. Chiapan Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:180)  (another name is Mexican Mimia)  (species described in 1969)
    Mimia chiapaensis  


    Genus MICTRIS

  388. Crisp Skipper  ______  (MCA:180)
    Mictris crispus


    Genus POLYCTOR

  389. Cleta Tufted-Skipper  ______  (another name is White Enops)  (species described in 1953)
    Polyctor cleta

  390. Enops Tufted-Skipper  ______  (another name is Brown Enops)
    Polyctor enops


    Genus NISONIADES

  391. Godma Tufted-Skipper   ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Guatemalan Pellicia (species described in 1953)
    Nisoniades godma

  392. Dark Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Dark Pellicia)
    Nisoniades laurentina

  393. Purplish Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Purplish-black Skipper)
    Nisoniades rubescens

  394. Ephora Tufted -Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Small-spotted Pellicia)
    Nisoniades ephora

  395. Castolus Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Hewitson's Pellicia)
    Nisoniades castolus


    Genus PACHYNEURIA

  396. Immaculate Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Obscure Pellicia)
    Pachyneuria licisca


    Genus PELLICIA

  397. Glazed Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Glazed Pellicia)  (species described in 1953) 
    Pellicia arina

  398. Rare Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Confused Pellicia)  (species described in 1953)
    Pellicia angra

  399. Mourning Glory Tufted-Skipper  ______  (MCA:181)  (another name is Morning Glory Pellicia)
    Pellicia dimidiata


    Genus WINDIA

  400. Wind's Skipper  ______  (MCA:182) (BAPG:379)  (species described in 1969)
    Windia windi  


    Genus NOCTUANA

  401. Cryptic Skipper  ______
    Noctuana lactifera

  402. Red-studded Skipper  ______  (MCA:182)
    Noctuana
    stator


    Genus ARTEUROTIA

  403. Starred Skipper  ______  (MCA:182)
    Arteurotia tractipennis


    Genus MYRINIA

  404. Myris Skipper  ______  BZ
    Myrinia myris

  405. Raymundo's Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:182)  (another name is Tabasco Skipper)  (species described in 1979)  
    Myrinia raymundo


    Genus CYCLOSEMIA

  406. Northern Eyed-Skipper  ______  (MCA:182)
    Cyclosemia anastomosis



    Genus BOLLA

  407. Checkered Sootywing  ______  (MCA:185)  (another name is Great Bolla)
    Bolla cylindus

  408. Veracruzan Sootywing  (MXe)  ______  (another name is Veracruz Bolla)  (species described in 1953)
    Bolla cybele

  409. Cyclops Sootywing  ______  (MCA:184,185)  (other names are the Cyclops Bolla and Evans' Bolla)
    Bolla cyclops (or sonda)

  410. Copper-headed Sootywing  ______  (MCA:183)  (another name is Golden-headed Bolla)  
    Bolla cupreiceps

  411. Fin-tipped Sootywing  ______  (MCA:184)  (another name is Pine-oak Bolla)
    Bolla subapicatus

  412. Hook-tipped Sootywing  ______  (MCA:184)  (another name is Godman's Bolla)
    Bolla orsines

  413. Rough-tipped Sootywing  ______  (MCA:183)  (another name is Salvin's Bolla)
    Bolla evippe

  414. Rounded Sootywing  ______  (MCA:183)  (another name is Rounded Bolla)
    Bolla imbras

  415. Obscure Sootywing  ______  (MCA:183)  (another name is Obscure Bolla)
    Bolla brennus

  416. Orizaba Sootywing  ______  (MCA:184)  (was part of the "Variable Bolla")  (species described in 1953)
    Bolla oriza

  417. Guerrero Sootywing  ______  (MCA:185)  (another name is the West Mexican Bolla, was part of the "Variable Bolla" (species described in 1953)
    Bolla guerra

  418. Spatulate Sootywing  ______  (MCA:183)  (another name is Mauve Bolla)
    Bolla eusebius

  419. Oaxacan Sootywing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:185)  (another name is Oaxacan Bolla (species described in 1991)
    Bolla fenestra 

  420. Solitary Sootywing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:184)  (another name is Solitary Bolla)  (species described in 1991)
    Bolla solitaria

  421. Zorilla Sootywing  ______  (MCA:184)  (another name is Shining Bolla)
    Bolla zorilla

  422. Mottled Sootywing  ______  (MCA:183) (BAPG:379)  (another name is Mottled Bolla)  
    Bolla clytius

  423. Many-spotted Sootywing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:184)  (another name is Many-spotted Bolla)
    Bolla litus 

  424. Coppery Sootywing  ______  (MCA:185)  (another name is Coppery Bolla)
    Bolla saletas


    Genus STAPHYLUS

  425. Golden-headed Scallopwing  (ph)  ______  YP  (MCA:188) (BAPG:247)  (another name is Golden-headed Sootywing)
    Staphylus ceos



    A Golden-headed Scallopwing photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  426. Golden-snouted Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:188)  (another name is Golden-snouted Sootywing)
    Staphylus vulgata

  427. Checkered Scallopwing  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:188)  (another name is Grizzled Sootywing)
    Staphylus tepeca

  428. West Mexican Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:186)  (another name is West Mexican Sootywing) (species described in 1953)
    Staphylus tierra 

  429. Mazans Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:186)  (another name is Mazans Sootywing)
    Staphylus mazans

  430. Mauve Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:186)  (another name is Central American Sootywing)
    Staphylus ascalaphus

  431. Aztec Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:187)  (another name is Aztec Sootywing)
    Staphylus azteca

  432. Steinhauser's Scallopwing  ______  YP  (MCA:187)  (another name is Lenis Sootywing)  (species described in 1989) 
    Staphylus lenis 

  433. Mountain Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:188)  (another name is Mountain Sootywing
    Staphylus vincula

  434. Bell's Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:187)  (another name is Iguala Sootywing
    Staphylus iguala

  435. Chiapas Scallopwing  ______  (MCA:186)
    Staphylus veytius


    Genus PHOLISORA

  436. Common Sootywing  ______  (BAPG:267)
    Pholisora catullus

  437. Mexican Sootywing  ______
    Pholisora mejicanus


    Genus HESPEROPSIS

  438. MacNeil's Sootywing  ______  (BAPG:269)  (species described in 1970)
    Hesperopsis gracielae


    Genus GORGYTHION

  439. Variegated Skipper  ______
    Gorgythion begga

  440. Crab's-claw Skipper  ______  (species described in 1953)
    Gorgythion vox 


    Genus SOSTRATA

  441. Blue-studded Skipper  ______  (MCA:191)  (species described in 1953)
    Sostrata nordica


    Genus POTAMANAXAS

  442. Felder's Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)  (another name is Starred Potam)
    Potamanaxas unifasciata   


    Genus MYLON

  443. Bold Mylon  ______  (MCA:189)    
    Mylon lassia

  444. Narrow-winged Mylon  ______  (MCA:189)
    Mylon ander

  445. Common Mylon  ______  (MCA:189)  (another name is Black-veined Mylon)
    Mylon maimon (or menippus)

  446. Pale Mylon  ______  (MCA:189)  (another name is Dingy Mylon)
    Mylon pelopidas

  447. Evans' Mylon  ______  (MCA:189)
    Mylon salvia

  448. Austin's Mylin  ______  (species described in 2000)
    Mylon cristata 

  449. Jason's Mylon  ______  (MCA:189)
    Mylon jason


    Genus ANASTRUS

  450. Common Anastrus  ______  (MCA:201)  (another name is Common Bluevent)
    Anastrus semipiternus

  451. Blurry Anastrus  ______  (MCA:201)  (another name is Forest Bluevent)
    Anastrus tolimus

  452. West Mexican Anastrus  ______
    Anastrus luctuosus
    (or robigus)

  453. Brilliant Anastrus  ______  (MCA:201)  (another name is Brilliant Bluevent)
    Anastrus neaeris

  454. Austin's Anastrus  ______  (species described in 2002)
    Anastrus virens

  455. Teal-bordered Bluevent  ______  (MCA:201)
    Anastrus meliboea


    Genus TOSTA

  456. Platypterus Skipper  ______
    Tosta platypterus 


    Genus QUADRUS

  457. Common Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:190)
    Quadrus cerialis

  458. Chiapan Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:190)  (species described in 1969)
    Quadrus francesius

  459. Striped Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:190)  (another name is Blue-ringed Blue-Skipper
    Quadrus contubernalis

  460. Tanned Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:190)  (another name is Lugubrious Blue-Skipper)
    Quadrus lugubris


    Genus PACHES

  461. Shining Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:190)
    Paches polla

  462. Brilliant Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:190)
    Paches loxus


    Genus PYTHONIDES

  463. Variable Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:191)  (another name is Powder Blue-Skipper
    Pythonides jovianus

  464. Many-spotted Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:191)
    Pythonides grandis

  465. Proxenus Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:191)  (another name is Black-topped Blue-Skipper)
    Pythonides proxenus

  466. Narrow-winged Blue-Skipper  ______  (MCA:191)  (another name is Blue-spotted Blue-Skipper)
    Pythonides pteras

  467. Freeman's Blue-Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:191)  (another name is Oaxacan Blue-Skipper)  (species described in 1979)
    Pythonides mundo

  468. Steinhauser's Blue-Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:191)  (another name is Chiapas Blue-Skipper)  (species described in 1989)
    Pythonides rosa 


    Genus AETHILLA

  469. Yellow-rimmed Skipper  ______  (MCA:198)  (another name is Yellow-rimmed Groundskipper)
    Aethilla lavochrea

  470. Echina Skipper  ______  (MCA:198)  (another name is Frosted Groundskipper
    Aethilla echina

  471. Highlands Skipper  ______   (MCA:198)  (another name is Chiapas Groundskipper)  (species described in 1969) 
    Aethilla chiapa 


    Genus DOBERES

  472. Pale Doberes  ______  (MCA:197)  (another name is Pointed Sicklewing)
    Doberes hewitsonius

  473. Dark Doberes  ______ (MCA:197)  (another name is Cloud-forest Sicklewing)
    Doberes anticus

  474. West Mexican Doberes  (MXe)  ______
    Doberes sobrinus


    Genus OULEUS

  475. Hidden-yellow Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)
    Ouleus cyrna

  476. Bubaris Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)  (another name is Pale-bordered Zera
    Ouleus bubaris

  477. Calavius Skipper  ______
    Ouleus calavius

  478. Salvin's Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)  (another name has been Geyer's Zera)  (species described in 1953)
    Ouleus salvina


    Genus ZERA

  479. Belti Skipper  ______  (MCA:192)  (another name is Gaudy Zera)
    Zera belti

  480. Difficult Skipper  ______
    Zera difficilis

  481. Barred Zera  ______  (MCA:192) 
    Zera nolckeni 

  482. Hosta Skipper  ______  (MCA:192)  (species described in 1953)
    Zera hosta

  483. Bruised Zera  ______  (MCA:192)
    Zera hyacinthinus

  484. Tetrastigma Skipper  ______  (MCA:192)  (another name is Least Zera)
    Zera tetrastigma 

  485. Eboneus Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:192)  (another name is Mexican Zera)  (species described in 1947) 
    Zera eboneus


    Genus GINDANES

  486. Straight-edged Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)
    Gindanes brontinus

  487. White-trailed Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)
    Gindanes brebisson


    Genus ATARNES

  488. Orange-spotted Skipper  ______  (MCA:193)
    Atarnes sallei


    Genus XENOPHANES

  489. Glassy-winged Skipper  ______
    Xenophanes tryxus


    Genus CARRHENES

  490. Hoary Skipper  ______
    Carrhenes canescens

  491. Black-spotted Hoary Skipper  ______
    Carrhenes fuscescens


    Genus MILANION

  492. Northern Clipper  ______
    Milanion clito


    Genus ANTIGONUS

  493. Dusted Spurwing  ______
    Antigonus erosus

  494. Royal Spurwing  ______
    Antigonus corrosus

  495. Death-mask Spurwing  ______
    Antigonus nearchus

  496. White Spurwing   ______  (BAPG:379)
    Antigonus emorsus


    Genus ACHLYODES

  497. Giant Sicklewing  ______  (MCA:197)
    Achlyodes busirus

  498. Pale Sicklewing  ______  (MCA:197)
    Achlyodes pallida


    Genus EANTIS

  499. Northern Sicklewing  ______  BZ  (formerly this & the next species were the "Sickle-winged Skipper")
    Eantis (formerly Achlyodes) tamenund

  500. Southern Sicklewing  ______  BZ  (MCA:197)  (formerly this & the preceding species were the "Sickle-winged Skipper"
    Eantis (formerly Achlyodes) thraso


    Genus AETHILLA

  501. Frosted Groundskipper  ______
    Aethilla echina


    Genus ZOPYRION

  502. Mexican Sandy-Skipper  ______  (MCA:198)
    Zopyrion sandace


    Genus SYSTASEA

  503. Texas Powdered-Skipper  ______  (MCA:198) (BAPG:247)
    Systasea pulverulenta

  504. Arizona Powdered-Skipper  ______  (MCA:198) (BAPG:247)
    Systasea zampa 

  505. Mexican Powdered-Skipper  ______  (MCA:198)
    Systasea microsticta 


    Genus EBRIETAS

  506. Yellow-patched Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Great Bentwing)
    Ebrietas osyris

  507. Common Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Common Bentwing)
    Ebrietas anacreon

  508. Sappho Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Sappho Bentwing)  (species described in 1974)
    Ebrietas sappho

  509. Blurred Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Blurred Bentwing)
    Ebrietas evanidus

  510. Plain Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Plain Bentwing)
    Ebrietas elaudia


    Genus HELIAS

  511. Squared Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:200)  (another name is Square Bentwing)  (species described in 1953) 
    Helias cama


    Genus CAMPTOPLEURA

  512. Mabille's Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Moire Bentwing)
    Camptopleura iheramenes

  513. Auxo Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Colombian Bentwing)
    Camptopleura auxo

  514. Oaxacan Bent-Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Oaxacan Bentwing)  (species described in 1969)
    Camptopleura oaxaca 


    Genus CYCLOGLYPHA

  515. Widespread Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Aztec Bentwing)
    Cycloglypha thrasibulus

  516. Tisias Skipper  ______  (MCA:199)  (another name is Ringless Bentwing)
    Cycloglypha tisias


    Genus THEAGENES

  517. White-centered Bent-Skipper  ______  (MCA:200)  (another name is Cloud-patched Bentwing)
    Theagenes aegides


    Genus GESTA

  518. False Duskywing  ______   (MCA:200)
    Gesta gesta


    Genus CHIOMARA

  519. Mithrix Duskywing  ______  (MCA:200) (BAPG:381)  (another name is Slaty Skipper)
    Chiomara mithrax

  520. White-patched Skipper  ______  (MCA:200) (BAPG:249)
    Chiomara asychis


    Genus GRAIS

  521. Hermit Skipper  ______  (MCA:201) (BAPG:381)
    Grais stigmaticus 


    Genus TIMOCHARES

  522. Many-banded Skipper  ______  (MCA:201)  (another name is Five-banded Skipper)
    Timochares trifasciata 

  523. Brown-banded Skipper  ______  BZ  (MCA:201) (BAPG:249) 
    Timochares ruptifasciata



    Genus PYRGUS

  524. Tropical Checkered-Skipper  (ph)  ______  (MCA:202) (BAPG:261)
    Pyrgus oileus



    Above & below: Tropical Checkered Skippers
    photographed during a FONT tour
    (photos by Marie Gardner)




  525. Common Checkered-Skipper ______  (MCA:202) (BAPG:261)
    Pyrgus communis 
    Pyrgus communis  adepta 
    "Guatemalan Common Checkered-Skipper"  (MCA:202) 

  526. White Checkered-Skipper  ______  (MCA:202) (BAPG:261)
    Pyrgus albescens 

  527. Desert Checkered-Skipper  ______  (MCA:202) (BAPG:263)
    Pyrgus philetas

  528. Small Checkered-Skipper  ______  (MCA:202) (BAPG:259)
    Pyrgus scriptura


    Genus HELIOPETES

  529. Laviana White-Skipper  ______
    Heliopetes laviana

  530. Turk's-cap White-Skipper  ______
    Heliopetes macaira

  531. Alana White-Skipper  ______
    Heliopetes alana 



    Subfamily EUDAMINAE:  SPREADWING SKIPPERS  

    Genus PHOCIDES

  532. Guava Skipper  ______  YP  (MCA:149)
    Phocides polybius 

  533. Thermus Skipper  ______
    Phocides thermus

  534. Mangrove (or Pigmalian) Skipper  ______  YP  (MCA:149)  (another name is Mangrove Beamer)
    Phocides pigmalian 

  535. Belus Skipper  ______  YP  (MCA:149)  (another name is Beautiful Beamer)
    Phocides belus

  536. Urania Skipper  ______  (MCA:149)  (another name is Teal Beamer)
    Phocides urania

  537. Big-spotted Beamer  ______  (MCA:149)  (species not yet described)
    Phocides sp.


    Genus PHANUS

  538. Widespread Phanus  ______  (MCA:150)  (another name is Musical Ghost Skipper)
    Phanus vitreus

  539. Confusing Phanus  ______  (MCA:150)  (another name is Confusing Ghost Skipper)  (species described in 1993)
    Phanus confusis

  540. White-tipped Phanus  ______  (MCA:150)  (another name is White-tipped Ghost Skipper)  (species described in 1993)
    Phanus albiapicalis

  541. West Mexican Phanus  ______  (MCA:150)  (another name is Gapped Ghost-Skipper)  (species described in 1952)
    Phanus rilma

  542. Dark Phanus  ______  (MCA:150)  (another name is Obscure Ghost Skipper)
    Phanus obscurior   

  543. Common Phanus  ______  (MCA:150)  (another name is Common Ghost-Skipper)
    Phanus marshalii


    Genus UDRANOMIA

  544. Orcinus Skipper  ______
    Udranomia orcinus

  545. Nervous Skipper  ______
    Udranomia kikkawai


    Genus DREPHALYS

  546. Dumeril Skipper  ______  (MCA:151)  (another name is Sunset Paradise-Skipper
    Drephalys dumerii

  547. Oria Skipper  ______  (MCA:151)  (another name is Sunrise Paadise-Skipper)  (species described in 1952)
    Drephalys oria

  548. Oriander Skipper  ______
    Drephalys oriander


    Genus HYALOTHYRUS

  549. Dimorphic Skipper  ______  (MCA:150)
    Hyalothyrus neleus


    Genus ENTHEUS

  550. Giant Entheus  ______  (MCA:151)  (another name is Blushing Enskipper)
    Entheus matho matho

  551. Mexican Entheus  ______  (MCA:151)  (another name is Mexican Enskipper)  (species described in 1989)
    Entheus crux


    Genus EPARGYREUS

  552. Silver-spotted Skipper  (ph)  ______  (MCA:152) (BAPG:233)
    Epargyreus clarus 
    Epargyreus clarus californicus
      "California Silver-spotted Skipper" 
    subspecies south into northern Baja California  (subspecies described in 1975)   

  553. Round-spotted Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:152)  (another name is Pepper-spotted Silverdrop)
    Epargyreus socus

  554. Wind's Silverdrop  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:153) (BAPG:373)  (species described in 1969) 
    Epargyreus windi

  555. Broken Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:152)
    Epargyreus exadeus

  556. Spineless Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:153)  (species described in 1952) 
    Epargyreus aspina

  557. Spined Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:152)
    Epargyreus spina

  558. Suffused Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:152)  (another name is Weak-frosted Silverdop (species described in 1952) 
    Epargyreus spinosa 

  559. Small Spotted Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:153)
    Epargyreus clavicornis

  560. Barely-spotted Silverdrop  ______  (MCA:153)  (another name is Dingy Silverdrop (species described in 1969)
    Epargyreus brodkorbi  

  561. Long-spotted Silverdrop  ______  YP  BZ  (MCA:153)  (species described in 1977)
    Epargyreus deleoni


    Genus POLYGONUS

  562. Manuel's Skipper  ______  (MCA:159)
    Polygonus manueli

  563. Hammock Skipper ______  (MCA:159) (BAPG:233)
    Polygonus leo 


    Genus CHIOIDES

  564. White-striped Longtail  ______  (MCA:158) (BAPG:235)
    Chioides catillus

  565. Zilpa Longtail  ______   (MCA:158) (BAPG:235)  
    Chioides zilpa 


    Genus AGUNA

  566. Long-tailed Aguna  ______  (MCA:158)  (also called Tailed Aguna)
    Aguna metophis

  567. Austin's Aguna  ______  (MCA:158)  (species described in 1998)
    Aguna coeloides

  568. Emerald Aguna  ______  (MCA:158)
    Aguna claxon

  569. Gold-spotted Aguna ______  (MCA:158) (BAPG:373)
    Aguna asander

  570. Hewitson's Aguna  ______  (MCA:158)  (another name is Knobby Aguna)
    Aguna aurunce

  571. White-striped Aguna  ______  (MCA:158)
    Aguna albistria



    Genus PROTEIDES 

  572. Mercurial Skipper ______  (MCA:153) (BAPG:373)
    Proteides mercurius 


    Genus NASCUS 

  573. Common Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:154)
    Nascus phocus
     

  574. Broteas Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:154)  (another name is Cramer's Scarlet-eye)
    Nascus broteas

  575. Least Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:154)
    Nascus paulliniae

  576. Corilla Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:154)  (another name is Great Scarlet-eye 
    Nascus solon

  577. Schaus'  Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:155)
    Nascus phintias



    Genus DYSCOPHELLUS  (and NICEPHELLUS)

  578. Fiery Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:156)
    Dyscophellus porcius

  579. Big-spotted Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:155)  (another name is Blushing Scarlet-eye)
    Dyscophellus phraxanor

  580. Plain Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:156)
    Dyscophellus ramon

  581. Two-spotted Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:156)
    Nicephellus
    (or Dyscophellus) nicephorus


    Genus BUNGALOTIS

  582. Spotted Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:156)
    Bungalotis erythus

  583. White-cheeked Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:157)  (another name is Golden Scarlet-eye)
    Bungalotis midas

  584. Dark-cheeked Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:157)  (another name is Freckled Scarlet-eye
    Bungalotis astylos

  585. Pallid Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:157)  (another name is Lesser Scarlet-eye)
    Bungalotis quadratum

  586. Miller's Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:157)  (another name is Freeman's Scarlet-eye)  (species described in 1977)
    Bungalotis milleri


    Genus PSEUDONASCUS

  587. Least Scarlet-eye  ______
    Pseudonascus paulliniae


    Genus OCYBA

  588. Yellow-rimmed Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:159)
    Ocyba calathana


    Genus TYPHEDANUS

  589. Mottled Skipper  ______  (MCA:170)  (another name is Mottled Longtail)
    Typhedanus undulatus

  590. Gold-tufted Skipper  ______  (MCA:159)
    Typhedanus ampyx

  591. Salas Skipper  ______  YP  BZ  (MCA:159)  (another name is Pale-tufted Skipper)  (endemic to the Yucatan Peninsula)
    Typhedanus salas


    Genus ASTRAPTES

  592. Green Flasher  ______  (MCA:163)
    Astraptes talus

  593. Tuculi Flasher  ______  (MCA:162)  (another name is Lilac-based Flasher)
    Astraptes tuculi

  594. Short-tailed Flasher  ______  (MCA:162)
    Astraptes brevicauda
    (or talthybius

  595. Frosted Flasher  ______  (MCA:160)
    Astraptes alardus

  596. Whitened Flasher  ______  (MCA:160)  (another name is Silvered Flasher)
    Astraptes creteus

  597. Gilbert's Flasher  ______  (MCA:160)
    Astraptes alector
    (or gilberti)

  598. Small-spotted Flasher  ______  (MCA:161,163)
    Astraptes egregius

  599. Broad-banded Flasher  ______  (MCA:164)  (another name is Mossy Flasher)
    Astraptes apastus

  600. Chiriqui Flasher  ______  (MCA:161)
    Astraptes chiriquensis
    Astraptes chiriquensis erana 
    "Blue-and-yellow Chiriqui Flasher" 
    subspecies in Chiapas 

  601. Two-barred Flasher  ______  (MCA;162) (BAPG:375)
    Astraptes fulgerator

  602. Astraptes fulgor  (the "Argentine Flasher") may be part of the Two-barred Flasher complex.  (MCA:163)

  603. White-spotted Flasher  ______  (MCA:163)
    Astraptes enotrus

  604. Schaus' Flasher  ______  (MCA:164)  (another name is Bronze Flasher)
    Astraptes janeira

  605. Long-tailed Flasher  ______  (MCA:160)
    Astraptes magalurus

  606. Green-headed Flasher  ______  (MCA:161)
    Astraptes bifascia
    (or latimargo)

  607. Yellow-tipped Flasher  ______  (MCA:159)
    Astraptes anaphus

  608. Yellow-edged Flasher  ______  (MCA:159)
    Astraptes phalaecus 


    Genus NARCOSIUS

  609. Steely Flasher  ______  (MCA:164)  (another name is Trojan Flasher)
    Narcosius parisi 

  610. Colossal Flasher  ______  (MCA:164)
    Narcosius colossus

  611. Samson Flasher  ______  (MCA:164)  (another name is Strong Flasher)   (species described in 1952)
    Narcosius samson

  612. Nazareus Flasher  ______  (MCA:164)  (another name is Steinhauser's Flasher)  (species described in 1986)
    Narcosius nazaraeus  


    Genus CODATRACTUS

  613. White-crescent Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (another name is White-crescent Longtail)
    Codatractus alcaeus

  614. Carlos' Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (another name is Rusty Mottled Skipper)
    Codatractus carlos

  615. Yucatan Mottled-Skipper  ______  YP  (MCA:165)  (endemic to the Yucatan Peninsula) (species described in 1977)
    Codatractus yucatanus

  616. Arizona Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165) (BAPG:237)  (also called Arizona Skipper)
    Codatractus arizonensis

  617. Sally's Mottled Skipper  ______  YP  (MCA:165)  (another name is Confused Mottled-Skipper) (species described in 1995)
    Codatractus sallyae

  618. Melon Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)
    Codatractus melon

  619. Golden Mottled-Skipper  _______  (MCA:165)  (another name is Tawny Mottled-Skipper
    Codatractus bryaxis

  620. Cyledis Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (another name is Fractured Mottled-Skipper)
    Codatractus cyledis

  621. Cyda Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (another name is Godman's Mottled-Skipper)
    Codatractus cyda

  622. Variable Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (another name is Thorn-scrub Mottled-Skipper
    Codatractus uvydixa

  623. Valeriana Mottled-Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (also called Valeriana Skipper
    Codatractus valeriana (or mysie)

  624. Hyster Skipper  ______  (MCA:165)  (another name is Hysterical Skipper)
    Codatractus hyster


    Genus CALLIADES

  625. Zeulus Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:168)  (another name is Zoot Skipper
    Calliades zeutus


    Genus AUTOCHTON

  626. Golden Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167) (BAPG:241)
    Autochton cellus

  627. East Mexican Banded-Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:167)  (another name is Sierra Madre Banded-Skipper)   (species described in 1984)
    Autochton siermadror

  628. Sonoran Banded-Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:167) (BAPG:375)
    Autochton pseudocellus

  629. Chisos Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167)
    Autochton cincta

  630. Central American Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167)  (another name is Dark-fringed Banded-Skipper)
    Autochton vectilucis

  631. Broad Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167)  (another name is Spiky Banded-Skipper)
    Autochton neis 

  632. Sharp Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167)
    Autochton zarex

  633. Spike Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167)  (another name is Narrow Banded-Skipper)
    Autochton longipennis

  634. Gmelin's Banded-Skipper  ______  (MCA:167)  (another name is Two-spotted Banded Skipper)
    Autochton bipunctatus


    Genus CEPHISE

  635. Burns' Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:155,168)  (another name is Funny Scarlet-eye)  (species described in 1996) 
    Cephise nuspesez

  636. Mexican Scarlet-eye  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:168)  (species described in 2000)
    Cephise mexicanus

  637. Guatemalan Scarlet-eye  ______  YP  (MCA:168)  (species described in 1977)
    Cephise guatemalaensis

  638. Long-tailed Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:168)
    Cephise aelius


    Genus VENADA

  639. Cryptic Scarlet-eye  ______  (MCA:168)
    Venada sp.
    (was part of V. advena)


    Genus CHRYSOPLECTRUM

  640. Stub-tailed Skipper  ______  (MCA:168)  (another name is Butler's Skipper)
    Chrysoplectrum epicincea


    Genus ZESTUSA

  641. Northern Zestusa  ______  (MCA:166) (BAPG:237)  (another name is Short-tailed Skipper)
    Zestusa dorus

  642. Southern Zestusa  ______  (MCA:166)  (another name is Cloud-forest Zesty-Skipper)
    Zestusa staudingeri

  643. Mexican Zestusa  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:166)  (another name is Mexican Zesty-Skipper)
    Zestusa elwesi

  644. Levonia's Zestusa  ______  (MCA:166)  (another name is Banded Zesty-Skipper (species described in 1972)
    Zestusa levona    


    Genus RIDENS

  645. Many-spotted Ridens  ______  (MCA:169)
    Ridens crison

  646. Hewitson's Ridens  ______  (MCA:169)  (another name is Mephisto Ridens)
    Ridens mephitis

  647. Allyn's Ridens  ______  (MCA:169)
    Ridens allyni

  648. Mexican Ridens  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:169)
    Ridens miltas 

  649. White-tailed Ridens  ______  (MCA:169)
    Ridens mercedes

  650. Todd's Ridens  _______  (MCA:169)  (another name is Awning Ridens
    Ridens toddi


    Genus POLYTHRIX

  651. Asine Longtail  ______  (MCA:170)  (another name is Dark-spotted Polythrix)
    Polythrix asine

  652. Mexican Longtail  ______  (MCA:170) (BAPG:373)  (species described in 1969)
    Polythrix mexicanus

  653. Eight-spotted Longtail  ______  (MCA:170)
    Polythrix octomaculata

  654. Four-spotted Longtail  ______  (MCA:170)  (another name is Square-spotted Polythrix)
    Polythrix caunus

  655. Auginus Longtail  ______
    Polythrix auginus

  656. Matallescens Longtail  ______  (MCA:170)  (another name is White-tipped Polythrix)
    Polythrix metallescens

  657. Kanshul Longtail  ______  (MCA:170)  (another name is Shuey's Polythrix (species described in 1991)
    Polythrix kanshul


    Genux URBANUS:  LONG-TAILED SKIPPERS

  658. Bluish Longtail  ______  (MCA:173)  (another name is Cobalt Longtail)
    Urbanus viterboana

  659. Brown Longtail  ______  (MCA:171) (BAPG:375)
    Urbanus procne

  660. Plain Longtail  ______  (MCA:171)
    Urbanus simplicius

  661. Tanna Longtail  ______  (MCA:171)
    Urbanus tanna

  662. Teleus Longtail  ______  (MCA:171)
    Urbanus teleus

  663. Dorantes Longtail  (ph)  ______  (MCA:172) (BAPG:239)
    Urbanus dorantes



    In the above photo, on the right side, a Dorantes Longtail
    (photo by Burke Korol) 

  664. Long-tailed Skipper  (ph)  ______  (MCA:173) (BAPG:239)
    Urbanus proteus



    Above & below: Long-tailed Skipper
    (photos by Rise Hill)



  665. Esmeralda Longtail  ______  (MCA:173)
    Urbanus esmeraldus

  666. Bell's Longtail  ______  (MCA:173)  (another name is Double-striped Longtail)
    Urbanus belli

  667. Spot-banded Longtail  ______  (MCA:174)  (another name is Interrupted Longtail)
    Urbanus pronta

  668. Pronus Longtail  ______  (MCA:174)  (species described in 1952) 
    Urbanus pronus

  669. Turquoise Longtail  ______  (MCA:175)  (species described in 1952) 
    Urbanus evona

  670. Rare Longtail  (MXe)  ______  (MCA:175)  (species described in 1970)   
    Urbanus viridis 

  671. Esta Longtail  ______  (MCA:175)  (species described in 1952)
    Urbanus esta

  672. Montane Longtail  ______  (MCA:174)  (another name is Rosy Longtail (species described in 1956)
    Urbanus prodicus

  673. White-tailed Longtail  ______  (MCA:172)
    Urbanus doryssus

  674. White-edged Longtail  ______  (MCA:172)
    Urbanus albimango

  675. White-tipped Longtail  ______  (MCA:172)
    Urbanus chales


    Genus ACHALARUS  (and THESSIA)

  676. Desert Cloudywing  ______  (MCA:176) (BAPG:237)
    Achalarus casica

  677. Tehuacan Cloudywing  ______  (MCA:176)  (another name is Dark Cloudywing)
    Achalarus tehuacana

  678. White-edged Cloudywing  ______  (MCA:176) (BAPG:375)  (another name is Skinner's Cloudywing)
    Achalarus albociliatus

  679. Coyote Cloudywing  ______  (MCA:176) (BAPG:377)
    Achalarus toxeus

  680. Jalapus Cloudywing  ______  (MCA:176)
    Thessia
    (or Achalarus) jalpus


    Genus THORYBES

  681. Drusius (or White-fringed) Cloudywing  ______  (MCA:176) (BAPG:245)
    Thorybes drusius

  682. Northern Cloudywing  (ph)  ______  (MCA:176) (BAPG:243)
    Thorybes pylades  



    Northern Cloudywing
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  683. Mexican Cloudywing  (ph)  ______  (MCA:176) (BAPG:243)
    Thorybes mexciana



    A Mexican Cloudywing photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


    Genus COGIA

  684. Yellow-haired Skipper  ______  (MCA:177)  (another name is Yellow-haired Pyramid-Skipper)
    Cogia cajeta 
    Cogia cajeta eluina 
    "Darkened Yellow-haired Skipper" 
    subspecies from western Mexico to Costa Rica  (MCA:177)

  685. Mimosa Skipper  ______  (MCA:177)
    Cogia calchas

  686. Acacia Skipper  ______  (MCA:177) (BAPG:245)
    Cogia hippalus

  687. Outis Skipper  ______  (MCA:177)
    Cogia outis

  688. Gold-costa Skipper  ______  (MCA:177) (BAPG:245)
    Cogia caicus

  689. Trimmed Skipper  (MXe)  _____  YP  (MCA:177)  (another name is Least Pyramid-Skipper)
    Cogia aventinus

  690. Guatemalan Skipper  ______  (MCA:177)  (another name is Pale Pyramid Skipper)
    Cogia mala  


    Genus CABARES

  691. Potrillo Skipper  ______   (MCA:178) (BAPG:377)
    Cabares potrillo


    Genus SPATHILEPIA

  692. Falcate Skipper  ______  (MCA:178)
    Spathilepia clonius


    Genus TELEMIADES

  693. Yellow-spotted Telemiades  ______  (MCA:180)  (another name is Yellow-spotted Leafhugger 
    Telemiades avitas

  694. Dark Telemiades  ______  (MCA:180)  (another name is Dark Leafhugger)
    Telemiades nicomedes

  695. Mexican Telemiades  ______  BZ  (MCA:179)  (another name is Mexican Leafhugger)
    Telemiades choricus

  696. Small Telemiades  ______  (species described in 1949)
    Telemiades fides  

  697. Tawny Telemiades  ______  (MCA:179)  (another name is Tawny Leafhugger)
    Telemiades megallus

  698. Costa-spotted Telemiades  ______  (MCA:180)  (another name is Costa-spotted Leafhugger)
    Telemiades amphion 



    Subfamily HETEROPTERINAE:  SKIPPERLINGS

    Genus DALLA

  699. Bubobon Skipperling  (MXe)  ______
    Dalla bubobon

  700. Steinhauser's Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1991)
    Dalla steinhauseri

  701. Ligilla Skipperling  ______
    Dalla ligilla

  702. Dyer's Skipperling  ______
    Dalla dividuum

  703. Guerrero Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1955) 
    Dalla mentor

  704. Pelon Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1991)
    Dalla kemneri

  705. Godman's Skipperling  ______
    Dalla lalage

  706. Schaus' Skipperling  ______
    Dalla lethaea

  707. West Mexican Skipperling  (MXe)  ______
    Dalla faula

  708. Gold-rayed Skipperling  ______  (species described in 1969)
    Dalla ramirezi

  709. Chiapan Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1991)
    Dalla nubes


    Genus PIRUNA

  710. Many-spotted Skipperling  ______  (BAPG:271)
    Piruna aea (or cingo)

  711. Chocolate Skipperling  ______
    Piruna brunnea

  712. Veracruz Skipperling  ______
    Piruna ceracates

  713. Plateau Skipperling  ______
    Piruna cyclossticta

  714. Violet-dusted Skipperling  (MXe)  ______
    Piruna dampfi  

  715. Variable Skipperling  (MXe)  ______
    Piruna gyrans

  716. Chisos Skipperling  ______  (species described in 1970)
    Piruna haferniki

  717. Oaxacan Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1991)
    Piruna jonka

  718. Kemner's Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1990)
    Piruna kemneri

  719. Sinaloan Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1970)
    Piruna maculata

  720. Southwest Mexican Skipperling  (MXe)  ______
    Piruna microsticta (or ajijiciensis)

  721. Miller's Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1991)
    Piruna millerorum

  722. Mullins' Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1991)
    Piruna mullinsi

  723. Hour-glass Skipperling  (MXe)  ______
    Piruna penaea

  724. Four-spotted Skipperling  ______  (BAPG:269)
    Piruna polingii

  725. Purepecha Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1999)
    Piruna purpecha  

  726. Roever's Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1972)
    Piruna roeveri

  727. Fine-spotted Skipperling  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1970)
    Piruna sina


    Genus DARDARINA

  728. Dardaris Skipperling  ______
    Dardarina dardaris


    Subfamily HESPERIINAE:  GRASS-SKIPPERS



    Genus COPAEODES

  729. Southern Skipperling  ______
    Copaeodes minimus

  730. Orange Skipperling ______  
    Copaeodes aurantiaca


    Genus VIDIUS

  731. Pale-rayed Skipper  ______ ok
    Vidius perigenes


    Genus SYNAPTE

  732. "Sunrise" Malicious Skipper  ______
    Synapte malitiosa pecta


    Genus CALLIMORMUS

  733. Common Brown-Skipper  ______
    Callimormus saturnus


    Genus MNASICLES

  734. Frosted Brown-Skipper  ______
    Mnasicles geta


    Genus METHIONOPSIS

  735. Ina Brown-Skipper  ______
    Methionopsis ina


    Genus CORTICEA

  736. Redundant Skipper  ______
    Corticea corticea


    Genus PHANES

  737. Squiggly Brown-Skipper  ______
    Phanes aletes 


    Genus REMELLA

  738. Whitened Remella  ______
    Remella remus


    Genus MOERIS

  739. Flag Skipper  ______
    Moeris striga stroma


    Genus MORYS

  740. Happy Skipper  ______
    Morys valerius valda 


    Genus LEREMA

  741. Clouded Skipper ______  (BAPG:273)
    Lerema accius 

  742. Liris Skipper  ______
    Lerema liris


    Genus NASTRA

  743. Julia's Skipper  ______  (BAPG:271)
    Nastra julia


    Genus CYMAENES

  744. Fawn-spotted Skipper  ______
    Cymaenes odilia

  745. Three-spotted Skipper  ______
    Cymaenes tripunctus theogenis


    Genus RHINTHON

  746. Osca Skipper  ______
    Rhinthon osca


    Genus ONOPHAS

  747. Blue-glossed Skipper  ______
    Onophas columbaria


    Genus VETTIUS

  748. Fantastic Skipper  ______
    Vettius fantasos

  749. Black-spotted Fantastic-Skipper  ______
    Vettius onaca

  750. Blurry Fantastic-Skipper  ______
    Vettius tertianus

  751. Two-toned Fantastic Skipper  ______
    Vettius lefrenaye pica


    Genus LYCAS

  752. Fantastic Ruby-eye  ______
    Lycas argentea 


    Genus CARYSTOIDES

  753. Lila's Ruby-eye  ______
    Carystoides lila


    Genus PERICHARES

  754. Green-backed Ruby-eye  ______
    Perichares philetes


    Genus DECINEA

  755. Double-dotted Skipper  ______
    Decinea percosius


    Genus CONGA

  756. Hidden-ray Skipper  ______
    Conga chydaea


    Genus CYNEA

  757. Foggy Cynea  ______
    Cynea irma


    Genus HYLEPHILA

  758. Fiery Skipper  ______
    Hylephila phyleus



    Fiery Skipper
    (photo by Rise Hill)


    Genus ATALOPEDES

  759. Sachem  ______ ok
    Atalopedes campestris
     


    Genus POLITES

  760. Sandhill Skipper  ______
    Polites sabuleti

  761. Sonoran Skipper  ______
    Polites sonora


  762. Whirlabout  ______  
    Polites vibex 


    Genus POANES

  763. Umber Skipper  ______
    Poanes melane


    Genus STINGA

  764. Kendamulaza Skipper  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 2009)
    Stinga kendamulaza  



    Genus QUINTA

  765. Mimic Skipper  ______
    Quinta cannae


    Genus QUASIMELLANA

  766. Mexican Mellana  ______  BZ
    Quasimellana mexicana 

  767. Common Mellana  ______  ok
    Quasimellana eulogius

  768. Coastal Mellana  (MXe)  ______  (species describe in 1959)
    Quasimellana agnesae

  769. Sibling Mellana  (MXe)  ______  (species described in 1994)
    Quasimellana siblinga

  770. Swarthy Mellana  ______
    Quasimellana servilius

  771. Blue Mellana  ______
    Quasimellana myron


    Genus LIBRITA

  772. Librita Skipper  ______
    Librita librita


    Genus POMPEIUS

  773. Little Glassywing  ______
    Pompeius verna

  774. Pompeius Skipper  ______  (another name is Common Glassywing)
    Pompeius pompeius

  775. Dares Skipper  ______
    Pompeius dares


    Genus WALLENGRENIA

  776. Southern Broken-Dash  ______
    Wallengrenia otho 


    Genus AMBLYSCIRTES

  777. Toltec Roadside-Skipper ______  
    Amblyscirtes tolteca


    Genus LERODEA 
     

  778. Eufala Skipper ______  
    Lerodea eufala

  779. Violet-clouded Skipper ______  
    Lerodea arabus 


    Genus NYCTELIUS 

  780. Violet-banded Skipper ______ 
    Nyctelius nyctelius


    Genus PANOQUINA

  781. Obscure Skipper  ______
    Panoquina panquinoides

  782. Ocola Skipper  ______
    Panoquina ocola

  783. Purple-washed Skipper  ______
    Panoquina sylvicola

  784. Hecebolus Skipper  ______
    Panoquina hecebolus

  785. Poor Panoquin  ______
    Panoquina pauper

  786. Evan's Skipper  ______
    Panoquina fusina


    Genus XENIADES

  787. Aladdin's Skipper  ______
    Xeniades orchamus


    Genus CALPODES

  788. Brazilian Skipper  ______
    Calpodes ethlius


    Genus THESPIEUS

  789. Ochre-marked Therra  ______
    Thespieus aspernatus

  790. Chocolate-marked Therra  ______
    Thespieus dalman


    Genus SALIANA

  791. Fuzzy Saliana  ______
    Saliana fusta


    Genus NEOXENIADES

  792. Frosted Mimic-Skipper  ______
    Neoxeniades scipio luda

  793. Green-faced Mimic-Skipper  ______
    Neoxeniades molion 


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