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A List of Some 
Moths
of  Central America

including those during 
 Focus On Nature Tours
 




This List of Central American Moths
compiled by Armas Hill



A LINK to a LIST of CENTRAL AMERICA BUTTERFLIES


Photo at upper right: an ORIZABA SILKMOTH, Rothchildia orizaba
(photo by Francisco Crespo, in October 2012, in Boquete, in western Panama)
 

Codes:

H#xxxx: Hodge's Numbers 
These numbers come from the "Check List of the Lepidoptera North of Mexico" by R.W. Hodges et al.
The 1983 list (actually compiled thru 1978) is outdated, but the numbers for now continue to be used. 

Numbers noted as (BMCR:xxx) refer to plates with an illustration in the book "Butterflies & Moths of Costa Rica" by Isidro Chacon & Jose Montero, 2007 (followed by -c: caterpillar, -co: caterpillar only)
Numbers noted as (ICR:xxx) refer to pages with a photograph in the book "Butterflies, Moths, and Other Invertebrates of Costa Rica, A Field Guide" by Carrol Henderson, 2010  (ICR = Invertebrates Costa Rica)     
Numbers noted as (W:xx) refer to pages with a photograph in the book "Caterpillars of Eastern North America" by David Wagner, 2005.

Numbers noted as (100BM:xx) refer to numbered plates in the book "100 Butterflies and Moths, Portraits from the Tropical Forest of Costa Rica", by Jeffrey Miller, Daniel Janzen, Winifred Hallwachs, 2007
Numbers noted as (100C:xx) refer to numbered plates in the book "100 Caterpillars, Portraits from the Tropical Forest of Costa Rica", by Jeffrey Miller, Daniel Janzen, Winifred Hallwachs, 2007
For both of these books, codes followed by -c: indicates that there is in the book a photograph of the caterpillar.
Actually for all of the species in both books, there are photographs of caterpillars and the adult butterflies and moths.
To view the caterpillar and adult butterfly and moth photos online go to:
h
ttp://janzen.sas.upenn.edu/caterpillars/database.lasso

   

    

BZ:   in Belize
CR:  in Costa Rica
GU:  in Guatemala
MX:  in Mexico
PN:  in Panama

(*) following the two-letter code indicates a species seen during a FONT tour in that country

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website


An excellent source for the moths noted here as occurring in Belize is the website "Moths of Belize" by Matthew Barnes. 
Some of the information in that site is from the published "Lepidoptera of Belize" in 1999 by Jan Meerman. 
A LINK TO THE MOTHS OF BELIZE WEBSITE:

http://www.mbarnes.force9.co.uk/belizemoths/belizehome.htm  
    
   

In this listing, there is some updated taxonomy with the family EREBIDAE containing moths that were formerly classified in the family NOCTUIDAE, plus all of the former members of the families ARCTIIDAE and LYMANTRIIDAE.
This re-classification has not yet met with general consensus, and many resources and publications still follow the older classification scheme. 

As of now, there are about 1,137 species of moths in this list.   


Among the Moth Groupings in the following list, links to these families:

Uraniidae:  Scoopwings    positioned at the beginning of the list due to their attractiveness, would be by GEOMETRIDAE

MICROMOTHS:    Cossidae: Cossid Millers    Megalopygidae: Flannel Moths    Aididae     

Limacodidae: Cupmoths
    Dalceridae    Lacturidae    Zygaenidae    Castniidae    Mimallonidae

Lasiocampidae    Eupterotidae    Bombycidae    Pyralidae: Pyralid, or Snout Moths    Thyrididae

MACROMOTHS:    Castniidae: Giant Butterfly Moths    

Geometridae:  Geometer Moths  (Loopers, Inchworms, Spanworms)   

Saturniidae: Giant Silkmoths
    Sphingidae:  Sphinx Moths    Lymantriidae: Tussock Moths

Sematuridae: American Swallowtail Moths    Notodontidae:  Prominents    Dioptinae    Doidae

DIOPTINAE (above) is a distinctive subfamily in the family NOTODONTIDAE.

Erebidae: subfamily Herminiinae: Litter Moths    Erebidae: subfamily Erebinae (was Catocalinae)

Erebidae: subfamilies Hypeninae, Calpinae, Eulepidotinae

Arctiinae: Tiger Moths, Ctenuchini: Wasp Moths, Lithosiini: Lichen Moths, & Pericopini

Euteliidae    Nolidae    The families EUTELLIDAE and NOLIDAE closely related to NOCTUIDAE (below).

In this list with EUTELIIDAE are those in the subfamily STICTOPTERINAE (of NOCTUIDAE).
In NOLIDAE are the NOLID or TUFT MOTHS, including the subfamilies CHLOEPHORINAE, SARROTHRIPINAE, NOLINAE.
The families EUTELIIDAE and NOLIDAE are in the NOCTUOIDEA superfamily.  . 


Noctuidae: subfamilies Plusiinae, Bagisarinae, Acontiinae, Acronictinae, Cucullinae

PLUSIINAE (in the link above) includes LOOPERS and MILLER MOTHS.
ACONTIINAE are the BIRD-DROPPING MOTHS.
CUCULLINAE are the HOODED OWLETS.

Noctuidae: subfamilies Agaristinae, Condicinae, Heliothinae     Noctuidae: subfamily Noctuinae   

In AGARISTINAE are the WOOD-NYMPHS and FORESTERS.
CONDICINAE are the GROUNDLINGS.
HELIOTHINAE are the FLOWER MOTHS.


Other Links:

Upcoming Birding & Nature Tours in the Cemtral America   Upcoming FONT Tours Elsewhere 

Alphabetical Directory of Moths by Genus with Photos in the FONT Website

Other Photo Galleries & Lists of:   Butterflies, Moths, Dragonflies & Damselflies

Birds    Mammals    Amphibians, Reptiles    Marine Life    Plants  

Links to Lists of Moths with some Photos in:    
Eastern North America    The West Indies    South America    Europe    Japan




Photographed in Panama, this large moth is known as the White Witch.
Large it is, up to 12 inches across.
Two more photos of this moth, and another of the Black Witch,
are in the list below, in the family Erebidae.
(above photo by James Audlin)
 

The following is from the book "Butterfly People. An American Encounter with the Beauty of the World", by William Leach, published in 2013, comparing moths to butterflies:

"Moths and butterflies both belong to the same order, Lepidoptera. Each undergo a complete metamorphosis and each are with wings covered by scales, shingled one upon another, and stamped with color that contributes to the total "tiled mosaic" of the wing.
Both have a proboscis, or a long, slender, coiled-up tube attached to the head, which the insects uncoil to suck nectar from many kinds of flowers, pollinating as they go. As caterpillars, however, they are much more choosy, with some dependent on only one food plant, others on a few, and still others on many different species of plants.
Both moths and butterflies are cold-blooded, requiring an infusion from the heat of an ambient atmosphere. 
But even with their similarities, the differences between moths and butterflies abound.
In the most general terms, the majority of moths have feathery, tapered antennae. These, like radar, guide them through the dark, and the males rely on them to pick up the scent of females.
Butterflies generally have clubbed or hooked antennae, used to smell and track down nectar, and for sexual purposes.
Moths have thick, commonly hairy bodies and large multifaceted, compound eyes and usually inhabit the night, while the majority of butterflies fly by day and have smaller eyes and thinner, relatively hairless bodies.
The classic exception for moths are those belong to the URANIIDAE family. They look like butterflies in nearly every respect and are among the most stunning diurnal lepidoptera in the world."

Our list of moths here begins with those in the Family URANIIDAE.         

   

 

A List of selected Moths in Central America:



         
Family URANIIDAE, Subfamily URANIINAE:  the SCOOPWINGS

          URANIIDAE is a widely distributed family in the world. 
          Worldwide, there are about 700 species in some 90 genera.
          About 40 species have been found in Costa Rica.

         
In the subfamily URANIINAE, in Costa Rica there is only 1 species, 
          the GREEN URANIA, or "GREEN DUCKTAIL".

  1. Urania fulgens  (ph)  ______  H#7658  BZ  CR(*)  (BMCR:189) (ICR:113)
    GREEN URANIA 
    (or Urania Swallowtail Moth, or Green Page Moth)

    Urania fulgens
    is undoubtedly one of the most spectacular of the day-flying moths in Central America. It could be misidentified as a swallowtail butterfly, but actually its wing pattern is unlike any swallowtail in the region.     



    Above: a Urania Swallowtail Moth photographed during a FONT Tour 
    in Costa Rica  
    (above photo by Rosemary Lloyd)
    Below: another Urania Moth photographed in Costa Rica in March 2015
    (photo below courtesy of Eileen Antolino, photo by Guilia Iannitelli)





    Family URANIIDAE, Subfamily EPIPLEMINAE

  2. Erosia birostrata  ______  CR  (BMCR:190)

  3. Erosia veninotata  ______  CR  (BMCR:190,191c)

  4. Nedusia cuticulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:190)

  5. Nedusia mutilara  ______  CR  (BMCR:190)

  6. Nedusia placidaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:190,191c)

  7. Schidax squamaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:191co)

  8. Syngria depranata  ______  CR  (BMCR:190)


    Family COSSIDAE, Subfamily COSSULINAE: 
    the COSSID MILLERS, or CARPENTER MILLERS 

    COSSIDAE
    is a cosmopolitan family. Worldwide, about 700 species have been identified. 93 species have been found in Costa Rica. 

  9. Allostylus coerulescens  ______  CR  (BMCR:22)

  10. Morpheis pyracmon  ______  BZ


    Non-specific members of COSSIDAE are illustrated in BMCR:18-22, in the subfamilies or genera: Cossinae, Cossulinae, Hypoptinae, Zeuzerinae.


    Family MEGALOPYGIDAE:  the FLANNEL MOTHS, also called the CRINKLED FLANNEL MOTHS

    MEGALOPYGIDAE
    is restricted to the New World. It greatest diversity is found in the Neotropics. About 240 species have been described, mainly in Central America and South America. Some are in North America. 42 species have been found in Costa Rica.

    Species in MEGALOPYGIDAE have long, soft-looking fur resembling a fluffy cat. But beneath the furry hair of the caterpillars there are spines that can deliver painful stings and severe medical problems, even unconsciousness. 

  11. Aithorape roseicornis  ______  CR  (BMCR:2)

  12. Hysterocladia eriphua  ______  CR  (BMCR:2)

  13. Macara argentea  ______  CR  (BMCR:2)

  14. Megalopyge albicollis  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:2c,eggs)

  15. Megalopyge basalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:6co)

  16. Megalopyge hina  ______  CR  (BMCR:6cocoon)

  17. Megalopyge lampra  ______  BZ

  18. Megalopyge lanata  ______  CR  (BMCR:2,5c)

  19. Megalopyge opercularis  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:2,6c)

  20. Megalopyge salebrosa  ______  CR  (BMCR:2)

  21. Megalopyge sp.  ______  CR  (ICR:93)

  22. Mesoscia dumilla  ______  BZ

  23. Mesoscia terminata  ______  CR  (BMCR:2)

  24. Mesoscia unifascia  ______  CR  (BMCR:3)

  25. Norape argyrorrhoea  ______  CR  (BMCR:3)

  26. Norape nevermanni  ______  CR  (BMCR:3)

  27. Podalia contigua  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:3)

  28. Podalia orsilocha  ______  CR  (BMCR:3)

  29. Podalia thanathos  ______  CR  (BMCR:3)

  30. Podalia tympania  ______  CR  (BMCR:3)

  31. Podalia walkerensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:4)

  32. Thoscora acca  ______  CR  (BMCR:5c)

  33. Thoscora xinga  ______  CR  (BMCR:4)

  34. Trosia dimas  ______  CR  (BMCR:4)

  35. Trosia janzen01  ______  CR  (100BM:2)

  36. Trosia fallax  ______  BZ

  37. Trosia incostata  ______  CR  (BMCR:4)

  38. Trosia nigropunctigera  ______  CR  (BMCR:4)


    Family AIDIDAE

    Moths of medium size. The forewings often have a grayish coloration that contrasts with the hindwings, which are reddish.
    Only 2 genera are known in the family, with 6 known species. In Costa Rica, 2 species are known.  

  39. Aidos amanda  ______  CR  (BMCR:7)

  40. Aidos perfusa  ______  CR  (BMCR:7)
    Aidos perfusa admiranda  ______  CR  (BMCR:7)


    Family LIMACODIDAE  (or EUCLIDAE):
     
     

    Called SLUGMOTHS because the caterpillars resemble slugs, or CUPMOTHS because of the shape of the cocoons. Mostly tropical, but occur worldwide, with about 1,000 described species. 

    LIMACODIDAE is a very common family in the tropics, but it does occur in all of the world's zoogeographical regions. Worldwide, about 1,000 species have been identified. In Costa Rica, 117 species have been found.    

  41. Acharia hyperoche  ______  CR  (BMCR:9co)

  42. Archaria nesea  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  43. Acharia ophelians  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  44. Euclea norba  ______  BZ

  45. Euclea zygia  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  46. Euphobetron aquapennis  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  47. Euprosterna elaea  ______  CR  (BMCR:11co)

  48. Natada daona  ______  CR  (BMCR:10co)

  49. Natada fusca  ______  CR  (BMCR:9co)

  50. Parasa cuernavaca  ______  CR  (BMCR:11co)

  51. Parasa joanae  ______  CR  (BMCR:9co)

  52. Parasa macrodonta  ______  CR  (BMCR:10co)

  53. Parasa viridogrisea  ______  CR  (BMCR:11co)

  54. Parasa wellesca  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  55. Perola monomania  ______  BZ

  56. Perola villosipes  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  57. Phobetron hipparchia  ______  CR  (BMCR:11co) 

  58. Prolimacodes triangulifera  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  59. Prolimacodes undifera  ______  CR  (BMCR:10co)

  60. Semyra bella  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)

  61. Talima aurora  ______  CR  (BMCR:8)


    Family DALCERIDAE

    Small to medium-sized moths. Orange, white, or yellow. Stout with a hairy body. Abdomen very scaly, with wide and rounded wings. Flight is weak, erratic and undulated, with tremulous flapping.
    A Neotropical family. About 85 species are known, of which 16 have been found in Costa Rica.  

  62. Acraga coa  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:12,13c)   

  63. Acraga hamata  ______  CR  (BMCR:12,13c)

  64. Acraga infusa  ______  CR  (BMCR:12)

  65. Acraga isothea  ______  CR  (BMCR:12)

  66. Dalcerides alba  ______  CR  (BMCR:12)

  67. Dalcerides mesoa  ______  CR  (BMCR:12)

  68. Dalcerides sofia  ______  CR  (BMCR:12,13c)

  69. Paracraga argentea  ______  CR  (BMCR:12) 


    Family LACTURIDAE

    Mostly attractively-colored moths. In a tropical or subtropical family, in Central America and South America.
    In Costa Rica, 9 species have been found.

  70. Lactura citrina  ______  CR  (BMCR:14)

  71. Lactura euthoracica  ______  CR  (BMCR:14)

  72. Lactura irrorata  ______  CR  (BMCR:14)

  73. Lactura schenoxantha  ______  CR  (BMCR:14)

  74. Lactura spatula  ______  CR  (BMCR:14)    


    Family ZYGAENIDAE

    Moths of diurnal habits, with aposematic coloration. Only a few species are attracted to light.
    A cosmopolitan family, but out of about a thousand species, only about 9 have been found in Costa Rica.  

  75. Neoalbartia anacreon  ______  CR  (BMCR:16)

  76. Neoprocris flora  ______  CR  (BMCR:16)  


    Family CASTNIIDAE

    Medium to large-sized moths. The adults have diurnal habits.
    There are about 150 species in the family, living in temperate or warm environments, tropical and subtrapical.
    Most are Neotropical. In Costa Rica, there are 12 species.

    Species in this family of diurnal moths, in the genus Zegara, are members of a color pattern mimicry system with the following butterflies:
    Heliconius ismenius
    Hypothyris euclesia,
    in ITHOMIINAE
    Melinaea lilis (or ethra), in NYMPHAIDAE
    Eresia mechanitis, in NYMPHAIDAE
    and the Tiger Mimic-Whites, Dismorphia amphione and the Eunoe Mimic-White, Dismorphia eunoe.
    Other Zegara species are mimetic with regard to moths in the genera Chetone and Dysschema, in ARCTIINAE.  

    The larvae of CASTNIIDAE are endophagous, that is they mine inside the stems of their host plants or dig tunnels in the ground for feeding on the roots.  

  77. Amauta cacica  ______  CR  (BMCR:23)

  78. Athis clitarcha  ______  CR  (BMCR:23)

  79. Castniomera atymnius  ______  CR  (BMCR:23)
    Castniomera atymnius futilis  ______  CR  (BMCR:23)

  80. Castniomera drucei  ______  CR  (BMCR:23,25c)

  81. Imara analibiae  ______  CR  (BMCR:23)

  82. Divana diva ______  CR  (BMCR:24)

  83. Leucocastnia licus  ______  CR  (BMCR:24)

  84. Xanthocastnia viryi  ______  CR  (BMCR:24)
    Xanthocastnia vityi intermedia  ______  CR  (BMCR:24)

  85. Zegara carilla  ______  CR  (BMCR:24)

  86. Zegara columbina  ______  CR  (BMCR:24) 


    Family MIMALLONIDAE

    Small to medium-sized moths, with wide scaly wings. Bodies are stout and thick, very scaly.
    The species in this family are in the Neotropics, with 4 species found in the Nearctic.
    About 200 species in 27 genera have been described. About 80 species are known in Costa Rica.

  87. Cicinnus dulcis  ______  CR  (BMCR:26)

  88. Cicnnus joanna  ______  CR  (BMCR:26)

  89. Cicinnuus pudens  ______  CR  (BMCR:26)

  90. Druentica inscita  ______  CR  (BMCR:27co)

  91. Lacosoma syrinx  ______  CR  (BMCR:26)

  92. Mimallo amilia  ______  CR  (BMCR:26,27c) (100BM:44)

    Mimallo amilia is a pest to the guava fruit, Psidium guajaba.

  93. Roelmana maloba  ______  CR  (BMCR:26)

  94. Roelofa hegewischi  ______  CR  (BMCR:26)


    Family LASIOCAMPIDAE

    Mostly small, but a few large moths, with wide wings and stout bodies.
    The males of some species with diurnal habits have small compound eyes with long intermmatidial setae.
    Diurnal males fly quickly. Otherwise, generally, adults are attracted to light. 
    A cosmopolitan family, better represented in tropical countries. About 1,500 species in 150 genera. In Costa Rica, about 130 species have been found.

  95. Euglyphis albigrisea  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  96. Euglyphia amathuria  ______  CR  (BMCR:33co)

  97. Euglyphia asapha  ______  CR  (BMCR:33co)

  98. Euglyphis canities  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  99. Euglyphis capillata  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  100. Euglyphis carola  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  101. Euglyphis celebris  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  102. Euglyphia charax  ______  CR  (BMCR:33co)

  103. Euglyphis definita  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  104. Euglyphia directa  ______  CR  (BMCR:29)

  105. Euglyphis durtea  ______  CR  (BMCR:28)

  106. Euglyphia elena  ______  CR  (BMCR:28) 

  107. Euglyphia gutturalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:29,34c)
    Euglyphia gutturalis gutturalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:29,34c)

  108. Euglyphia juliana  ______  CR  (BMCR:29)

  109. Euglyphia lanea  ______  CR  (BMCR:29)

  110. Euglyphia lankesteri  ______  CR  (BMCR:29,34c)

  111. Euglyphia laronia  ______  CR  (BMCR:29)

  112. Euglyphia laverna  ______  CR  (BMCR:29)

  113. Euglyphia lepta  ______  CR  (BMCR:34co)

  114. Euglyphia maria  ______  CR  (BMCR:33co)

  115. Euglyphia melancholica  ______  CR  (BMCR:29)

  116. Euglyphia phyllis  ______  CR  (BMCR:35c)

  117. Euglyphia poasia  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  118. Euglyphia scaptia  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  119. Euglyphia scripturata  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  120. Euglyphia submarginalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:30,35c)

  121. Euglyphia thyatira  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  122. Euglyphia torrida  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  123. Euglyphia varma  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  124. Eutachyptera psidii  ______  CR  (BMCR:30)

  125. Gloveria balloui  ______  CR  (BMCR:31)

  126. Nesara caramina  ______  CR  (BMCR:31)

  127. Nesara casada  ______  CR  (BMCR:31,34c)

  128. Nesara francesca  ______  CR  (BMCR:31)

  129. Prorifrons rufescens  ______  CR  (BMCR:32)

  130. Prorifrons tremula  ______  CR  (BMCR:32)

  131. Titya bella  ______  CR  (BMCR:32)

  132. Tolype caieta  ______  CR  (BMCR:32)

  133. Tolype nana  ______  CR  (BMCR:32,35c)

  134. Tolype perplexa  ______  CR  (BMCR:32)


    Family EUPTEROTIDAE

    Small to large wide-winged moths, with some females having diurnal habits.
    A cosmopolitan family with about 300 species described in about 30 genera. Only 3 species have been found in Costa Rica.

  135. Neopreptos marathusa  ______  CR  (BMCR:36co)


    Family BOMBYCIDAE

    Small to large moths, wide-winged. At rest, they tend to let the forewings hang and keep the hindwings away from the thorax. The abdomen tends to be folded upward or to the sides.
    The family is well represented in the Neotropical region. Close to 350 species in 40 genera are known. In Costa Rica, about 80 species have been found.  

    Family BOMBYCIDAE, Subfamily APATELODINAE

  136. Apatelodes albipunctata  ______  CR  (BMCR:37)

  137. Apatelodes ardeola  ______  CR  (BMCR:37)

  138. Apatelodes adrastia  ______  CR  (BMCR:40co)

  139. Apatelodes firmiana  ______  CR  (BMCR:37,39c)

  140. Apatelodes inviolata  ______  CR  (BMCR:37)

  141. Apatelodes lapitha  ______  CR  (BMCR:37)

  142. Apatelodes merlona  ______  CR  (BMCR:37,40c)

  143. Apatelodes pandara  ______  CR  (BMCR:37)

  144. Apatelodes pandarioides  ______  CR  (BMCR:38)

  145. Apatelodes paratima  ______  CR  (BMCR:38)

  146. Apatelodes pudefacta  ______  CR  (BMCR:38,39c)

  147. Apatelodes sericea  ______  CR  (BMCR:38)

  148. Apatelodes turralba  ______  CR  (BMCR:38)

  149. Depratelodes umbrilinea  ______  CR  (BMCR:38)

  150. Ephoria lybia  ______  CR  (BMCR:38)

  151. Epia muscosa  ______  CR  (100BM:22)

  152. Tarchon felderi  ______  CR  (BMCR:39co)

  153. Zanola verago  ______  CR  (BMCR:39co)   


    Family BOMBYCIDAE, Subfamily PHIDITIINAE

  154. Phiditia cuprea  ______  CR  (BMCR:42co)

  155. Phiditia lucernaria  ______  CR  (BMCRL42co)

  156. Phiditia maculosissima  ______  CR  (BMCR:41)

  157. Rolepa innotabilis  ______  CR  (BMCR:41)

  158. Rolepa nigrostriga  ______  CR  (BMCR:41)


    Family BOMBYCIDAE, Subfamily BOMBYCINAE, Tribe EPIINI

  159. Colla coelestis  ______  CR  (BMCR:43)

  160. Colla rhodope  ______  CR  (BMCR:43,45c)

  161. Epia casnonia  ______  CR  (BMCR:43)

  162. Epia muscosa  ______  CR  (BMCR:43,45c)

  163. Quentalia cameloi  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)

  164. Quentalia ficus  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)

  165. Quentalia numalia  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)

  166. Quentalia subumbrata  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)

  167. Quentalia surynorta  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)

  168. Anticla antica  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)

  169. Tamphana marmorea  ______  CR  (BMCR:44)


    Family PYRALIDAE:  the PYRALID, or SNOUT MOTHS 

    Included in this grouping is what has been CRAMBIDAE, the subfamily PYRAUSTINAE (including SPILOMELINAE) 

    Subfamily PYRALINAE follows after this list.  

  170. Agathodes designalis  (ph)  ______  H#5240  BZ
    SKY-POINTING MOTH



    the Sky-pointing Moth, Agathodes designalis
    (copyrighted photo by Lisa Johnson)

  171. Anania inclusalis  ______  BZ

  172. Aponia major  ______  BZ

  173. Arthromastix lauralis  ______  BZ

  174. Asturodes fimbriauralis  ______  BZ

  175. Ategumia dilecticolor  ______  BZ

  176. Ategumia ebulealis  ______  BZ

  177. Azochis trichotarsalis  ______  BZ

  178. Bicilia lentistrialis  ______  BZ

  179. Coenostolopsis apicalis  ______  BZ

  180. Conchylodes erinalis  ______  BZ

  181. Conchylodes nolckenialis  ______  BZ

  182. Conchylodes platinalis  ______  BZ

  183. Cryptobotys zoilusalis  ______  BZ

  184. Desmia bajulalis  ______  BZ

  185. Desmia funebralis  ______  H#5159  BZ
    GRAPE LEAFFOLDER MOTH

  186. Desmia ploralis  ______  H#5167  BZ 
    MOURNFUL DESMIA MOTH

  187. Desmia ufeus  ______  BZ

  188. Diacme mopsalis  ______  BZ

  189. Diaphania costata  ______  BZ

  190. Diaphania elegans  ______  H#5207.1  BZ

  191. Diaphania esmeralda  ______  BZ

  192. Diaphania glauculalis  ______  BZ

  193. Diaphania hyalinata  (ph)  ______  H#5204  BZ  (species described by Linnaeus in 1767)
    MELONWORM MOTH



    Melonworm Moth 

  194. Diaphania lucidalis  ______  BZ

  195. Diaphania nitidalis  ______  H#5202  BZ
    PICKLEWORM MOTH

  196. Diaphania phlebitis  ______  BZ

  197. Dichocrocis sabatalis  ______  BZ

  198. Eulepte gastralis  ______  BZ  

  199. Glyphodes sibillalis  ______  H#5198  BZ
    MULBERRY LEAFTIER MOTH

  200. Herpetogramma phaeopteralis  ______  H#5274  BZ
    DUSKY HERPETOGRAMMA MOTH

  201. Hoterodes ausonia  ______  BZ

  202. Hymenia perspectalis  ______  H#5169  BZ
    SPOTTED BEET WEBWORM MOTH

  203. Lamprosema canacealis  ______  BZ

  204. Leucochroma corope  ______  H#5210  BZ

  205. Lygropia plumicostalis  ______  H#5249  BZ

  206. Maruca vitrata  ______  H#5240.1  BZ
    BEAN POD BORER MOTH

  207. Megastes grandalis  ______  BZ

  208. Megastes praxiteles  ______  BZ

  209. Mesocondyla dardusalis  ______  BZ

  210. Mesocondyla tarsibarbalis  ______  BZ

  211. Microthyris anormalis  ______  H#5263  BZ

  212. Microthyris prolongalis  ______  H#5264  BZ

  213. Nonazochis graphialis  ______  BZ

  214. Omiodes indicata  ______  H#5212  BZ
    BEAN-LEAF WEBWORM MOTH

  215. Omiodes insolutalis  ______  BZ

  216. Omiodes martyralis  ______  BZ

  217. Palpita flegia  ______  H#5217  BZ
    SATIN WHITE PALPITA MOTH

  218. Palpusia fulvicolor  ______  BZ

  219. Pantographa acoetesalis  ______  BZ

  220. Pantographa expansalis  ______  BZ 

  221. Phaedropsis chromalis  ______  BZ

  222. Phostria mapetalis  ______  BZ 

  223. Phostria tedea  ______  H#5265  BZ

  224. Polygrammodes sanguinalis  ______  H#5231  BZ 

  225. Portentomorpha xanthiallis  ______  BZ

  226. Praeacrospila melanoproctis  ______  BZ

  227. Prenesta fenestrinalis  ______  BZ

  228. Prenesta scyllalis  ______  BZ

  229. Pseudopyrausta acutangulalis  ______  BZ

  230. Pyrausta acrionalis  ______  H#5071  BZ
    MINT-LOVING PYRAUSTA 

  231. Pyrausta insignitalis  ______  BZ

  232. Rhectocraspeda periusalis  ______  BZ

  233. Salbia cassidalis  ______  BZ

  234. Samea ecclesialis  ______  H#5150  BZ
    ASSEMBLY MOTH

  235. Sparagmia gonoptera  ______  BZ

  236. Syllepte pactolalis  ______  BZ

  237. Syllepte philetalis  ______  BZ

  238. Synclera chlorophasma  ______  BZ

  239. Syngamia florella  (ph)  ______  H#5284  BZ
    ORANGE-SPOTTED FLOWER MOTH 
    (or Red-waisted Florella Moth)



    Orange-spotted Flower Moth
    (copyrighted photo by Lisa Johnson)


  240. Terastia meticulosalis  ______  BZ

  241. Trichaea pilicornis  ______  BZ

  242. Triuncidia eupalusalis  ______  BZ


    Family PYRALIDAE, Subfamily PYRALINAE

  243. Dolichomia amoenalis  ______  BZ

  244. Dolichomia resectalis  ______  BZ

  245. Mapeta schausi  ______  BZ

  246. Mapeta xanthomelas  ______  BZ


    Family THYRIDIDAE:  PICTURE-WINGED LEAF MOTHS

    has been included in the PYRALOIDAE superfamily

  247. Pentina flammans  ______  CR  (100BM:37)


    Family CASTNIIDAE:  GIANT BUTTERFLY MOTHS

  248. Castniomera atymnius futilis  ______  CR  (ICR:94)


    Family GEOMETRIDAE,
    larvae are: LOOPERS, INCHWORMS, SPANWORMS

    Adult GEOMETER MOTHS are from small to large, but mostly medium-sized.
    They generally have elongated bodies with wide wings, and many are stout.

    The GEOMETRIDAE is a cosmopolitan family and one of the three largest among the LEPIDOPTERA. It is estimated that at least 21,000 species have been described. About 1,500 species have been found in Costa Rica. 


    Family GEOMETRIDAE, Subfamily ENNOMINAE

  249. Acrotomodes cautama  ______  CR  (BMCR:193c)

  250. Acrotomodes chiriquensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:194)

  251. Acrotomodes mucia  ______  CR  (BMCR:192co)

  252. Anisoperas atropunctaria  ______  BZ

  253. Betulodes matharma  ______  CR  (BMCR:194)

  254. Certima turmalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:194)

  255. Epimecis fraternaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:194)

  256. Erastria decrepitaria  ______  BZ 

  257. Euclysia columbipennis  ______  BZ

  258. Eusarca crameraria  ______  BZ

  259. Eusarca minucia  ______  BZ

  260. Eusarca trifilaria  ______  BZ

  261. Eutomopepla vorda  ______  BZ

  262. Hyalostenele lutescens  ______  CR  (BMCR:194)

  263. Hymenomima tharpoides  ______  BZ

  264. Iridopsis chalcea  ______  BZ

  265. Iridopsis herse  ______  CR  (BMCR:192co)

  266. Iridopsis validaria  ______  BZ

  267. Ischnopteris chavezi  ______  CR  (BMCR:194)

  268. Leuciris fimbriaria  ______  BZ

  269. Macaria accumulata  ______  BZ

  270. Macaria combusta  ______  BZ

  271. Macaria festivata  ______  BZ

  272. Macaria gambarina  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:194)

  273. Macaria ostia  ______  BZ

  274. Macaria regulata  ______  BZ

  275. Macaria subfulva  ______  BZ

  276. Melanchroia chephise  (ph)  ______  H#6616  CR  (BMCR:192c,194)
    WHITE-TIPPED BLACK MOTH  (or SNOWBUSH SPANWORM)

    Melanchroia chephise
    ranges from Texas (and Florida) south to Paraguay.



    White-tipped Black Moth

  277. Nematocampa completa  ______  BZ

  278. Nepheloleuca politia  ______  BZ

  279. Nephodia organa  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)

  280. Nepitia detractaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)

  281. Opisthoxia cluana  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)

  282. Opisthoxia elesiata  ______  BZ

  283. Opisthoxia molpadia  ______  CR  (BMCR:193c)

  284. Opisthoxia saturniaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)
    Opisthoxia saturniaria compta  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)

  285. Oxydia trychiata  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)

  286. Oxydia versilinea  ______  BZ

  287. Oxydia vesulia  ______  BZ

  288. Pantherodes unciaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:196)

  289. Paragonia cruraria  ______  BZ

  290. Patalene asychisaria  ______  BZ

  291. Patalene moneta  ______  BZ

  292. Patalene trogonaria  ______  BZ

  293. Pero amanda  ______  BZ

  294. Pero chapela  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:195)

  295. Pero delauta  ______  BZ

  296. Pero dularia  ______  BZ

  297. Pero externa  ______  BZ

  298. Pero lignata  ______  BZ

  299. Pero plagodiata  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:195)

  300. Pero pobrata  ______  CR  (BMCR:195)

  301. Pero polygonaria  ______  BZ

  302. Pero stuposaria  ______  BZ

  303. Pero rumina  ______  BZ

  304. Phrygionis platinata  ______  BZ
    Phrygionis platinata naevia  ______  BZ

  305. Phrygionis polita  ______  BZ

  306. Phrygionis privignaria  ______  BZ

  307. Phyllodonta angulosa  ______  BZ

  308. Physocleora albibrunnea  ______  BZ

  309. Physocleora taeniata  ______  BZ

  310. Pityeja histrionaria  (ph)  ______  CR  (BMCR:196)



    Pityeja histionaria

  311. Polla celeraria  ______  BZ

  312. Polla hemeraria  ______  CR  (BMCR:196)

  313. Rhomboptila brantsiata  ______  BZ 

  314. Rucana chaconi  ______  CR  (BMCR:196)

  315. Sabulodes loba  ______  BZ

  316. Sabulodes ornatissima  ______  CR  (BMCR:196)

  317. Semiothisa agrammata  ______  BZ

  318. Semiothisa arenisca  ______  BZ

  319. Semiothisa divergentata  ______  BZ

  320. Semiothisa gambaria  ______  BZ

  321. Semiothisa salsa  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:196)

  322. Sericoptera chiffa  ______  CR  (BMCR:197)

  323. Sericoptera mahometaria  ______  BZ

  324. Simena luctifera  ______  CR  (BMCR:196)

  325. Simopteryx torquataria  ______  CR  (BMCR:197)

  326. Sphacelodes vulneraria  ______  H#6800  BZ  CR  (BMCR:197)

  327. Stenalcidia sanguistellata  ______  CR  (BMCR:197)

  328. Stibaractis dioptis  ______  CR  (BMCR:197)

  329. Thyrinteina arnobia  ______  H#6772  BZ  CR  (BMCR:197)

  330. Thysanopyga abdominaria  ______  BZ

  331. Thysanopyga amarantha  ______  BZ

  332. Tmetomorpha bitias  ______  CR  (BMCR:197)

  333. Trotopera olivifera  ______  CR  (BMCR:197)

  334. Urepione quadrilineata  ______  BZ


    Family GEOMETRIDAE, Subfamily GEOMETRINAE

  335. Cathydata batina  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)
    Cathydata batina batina  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  336. Chavarriella fallax  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  337. Chloractis pulcherrima  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  338. Chloropteryx opalaria  ______  BZ

  339. Dichorda iris  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  340. Hyalochlora antolodoxa  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  341. Lissochlora manostigma  ______  BZ

  342. Lophochorista calliope  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  343. Neagathia coruptata  ______  BZ

  344. Nemoria astraea  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  345. Nemoria erina  ______  CR  (BMCR:199)

  346. Nemoria ozalea  ______  CR  (BMCR:200)

  347. Nemoria punctilinea  ______  BZ

  348. Nemoria vermiculata  ______  CR  (BMCR:200)

  349. Nemoria winniae ______  CR  (BMCR:200)

  350. Oospila albicoma  ______  CR  (BMCR:200)
    Oospila albicoma albicoma  ______  CR  (BMCR:200)

  351. Oospila albipunctulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:200)

  352. Oospila athena  ______  CR  (BMCR:200)

  353. Oospila atopochlora  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)

  354. Oospila depressa  ______  BZ

  355. Oospila tricamerata  ______  BZ

  356. Oospila venezuelata  (ph)  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:201)



    Oospila venezuelata

  357. Phrudocenta janeira  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:201)
    Phrudocenta janeira tenuis  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)

  358. Pyrochlora rhanis  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:201)

  359. Rhodochlora brunneipalpis  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)
    Rhodochiora brunneipalpis minor  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)

  360. Rhodochlora exquisita  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)

  361. Rhodochlora rothschildi  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)

  362. Synchlora expulsata  ______  BZ

  363. Synchlora gerularia  ______  BZ

  364. Synchlora superaddita  ______  BZ

  365. Synchlora acuta  ______  BZ

  366. Synchlora albisparsa  ______  BZ

  367. Tachychlora amilletes  ______  CR  (BMCR:201)

  368. Tachyphyle basiplaga  ______  BZ


    Family GEOMETRIDAE, Subfamily LARENTIINAE

  369. Crocypus perlucidaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)
    Crocypus periucidaria macroleuca  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  370. Dyspteris deminutaria  ______  BZ

  371. Dyspteris tenuivitta  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  372. Eois isographata  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  373. Eois numida  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  374. Eois ungulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  375. Erateina rogersi  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  376. Erateina staudingeri  (ph)  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)



    Above & below: Erateina staudingeri





  377. Erebochlora tesserulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:205)

  378. Ersephila electa  ______  CR  (BMCR:206)

  379. Eubaphe deceptata  ______  BZ

  380. Euphyia albipennis  ______  BZ

  381. Euphyia subguttaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:206)

  382. Eutrepsia tortricina  ______  CR  (BMCR:206)

  383. Graphidipus abraxaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:206)

  384. Hagnagora anicata  ______  CR  (BMCR:206)

  385. Hagnagora clustimena  ______  CR  (BMCR:206)

  386. Hagnagora ephestris  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  387. Hagnagora mortipax  ______  CR  (BMCR:192c)

  388. Heterusia dividata  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  389. Hydriomena polyphonta  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  390. Obila floccosaria  ______  BZ

  391. Priapodes longipalpata  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  392. Pseudomennis bipennis  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  393. Pseudomennis dioptoides  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  394. Spargania daphne  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)

  395. Trocherateina specularia  ______  CR  (BMCR:207)


    Family GEOMETRIDAE, Subfamily OENOCHROMINAE

  396. Ametris nitocris  ______  CR  (BMCR:198)

  397. Ergavia carinenta  ______  CR  (BMCR:198)

  398. Ergavia merops  ______  CR  (BMCR:198)

  399. Macrotes commatica  ______  CR  (BMCR:198)

  400. Racasta spatiaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:198)
    Racasta spatiaria caberaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:198)


    Family GEOMETRIDAE, Subfamily STERRHINAE

    The WAVES are almost all small to very small, often with characteristic patterns of shingled "waves" radiating out from wing-base to apex.   

  401. Atyria commoda  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  402. Atyria vespertina  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  403. Atryriodes jalapae  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  404. Cyclophora gigantula  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)
    Cyclophora gigantula cratoscia  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  405. Cyclophora insigniata ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  406. Cyclophora melitia  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)
    Cyclophora melitia melitia  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  407. Cyclophora nodigera  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  408. Cyclophora prunelliaria  ______  CR  (BMCR:202)

  409. Idaea complexaria  ______  BZ

  410. Idaea helleria  ______  BZ

  411. Idaea prusias  ______  BZ

  412. Idaea subfervens ______  CR  (BMCR:203)

  413. Leptostales angulata  ______  CR   (BMCR:203) 

  414. Pseudasellodes fenestraria  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:203)

  415. Semaeopus illimitata  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:203)
    Semaeopus illimitata illimitata  ______  CR  (BMCR:203)

  416. Semaeopus varia  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:203)

  417. Smicropus intercepta  ______  CR  (BMCR:193c,204)

  418. Smicropus laeta  (ph)  ______  CR  (BMCR:204)
    Smicropus laeta laeta  ______  CR  (BMCR:204)




    Smicropus laeta

  419. Tricentra ignefumosa  ______  BZ

  420. Trygodes amphion  ______  CR  (BMCR:204)

  421. Trygodes musivaria  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:204)

  422. Trygodes niobe  ______  CR  (BMCR:204)
    Trygodes niobe niobe  ______  CR  (BMCR:204)



    Family SATURNIIDAE, Subfamily ARSENURINAE

    SATURNIIDAE
    has a wide distribution throughout the world, but especially in the Neotropics. 
    Worldwide, about 1,480 species are known in 165 genera. 118 species have been found in Costa Rica.

  423. Arsenura archianassa  ______  CR  (BMCR:46)

  424. Arsenura armida  ______  CR  (BMCR:46,49c)   occurs in Central America and South America 

  425. Arsenura batesii  ______  CR  (BMCR:46,50c)
    Arsenura batesii arcaei  ______  CR  (BMCR:46,50c)

  426. Arsenura drucei  ______  CR  (BMCR:46) (100BM:43)

  427. Arsenura sylla  ______  CR  (BMCR:46)

  428. Caio championi  ______  CR  MX  (BMCR:47,50c)   occurs in Mexico, Central America

  429. Caio richardsoni  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico

  430. Copiopteryx semiramis  ______  MX  CR  (BMCR:47)

    Copiopteryx semiramis
    occurs from Mexico to South America.

  431. Dysdaemonia boreas  ______  CR  (BMCR:48)   occurs in tropical America

  432. Paradaemonia platydesmia  ______  CR  (BMCR:48)

  433. Rhescyntis hippodamia  ______  CR  (BMCR:48,50c) (ICR:96) (100BM:93)

  434. Titaea tamerlan  ______  CR  (BMCR:48,49c)


    Family SATURNIIDAE, Subfamily CERATOCAMPINAE

  435. Adeloneivaia boisduvalii  ______  CR  (BMCR:51)

  436. Adeloneivaia isara  ______  CR  (BMCR:51)

  437. Adeloneivaia jason  ______  CR  (BMCR:51,56c)   occurs in Central America and South America
     
  438. Adeloneivaia subangulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:51)

  439. Citheronia azteca  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico, Guatemala

  440. Citheronia bellavista  ______  CR  (BMCR:52)   occurs Central America and northern South America

  441. Citheronia collaris  ______  CR

  442. Citheronia lobesis  ______  CR  (BMCR:52)
    Citheronia lobesis jordani  ______  MX

    Citheronia lobesis jordani occurs in Mexico, Guatemala.

  443. Citheronia pseudomexicana  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico

  444. Cithronia splendens  ______  H#7707  MX
    Cithronia splendens sinaloenis  ______  MX

    Cithronia splendens sinaloenis occurs in Mexico.  

  445. Citheronia volcan  ______  CR  (BMCR:51)

  446. Citheronioides collaris  ______  CR  (BMCR:52) 

  447. Citioica anthonilis  ______  CR  (BMCR:52)   occurs in Central America and South America 

  448. Eacles imperialis  (ph)   ______  H#7704  BZ  CR  (BMCR:53) (ICR:97)
    IMPERIAL MOTH



    An Imperial Moth photographed in Central America


  449. Eacles masoni  ______  CR  (BMCR:53)   occurs in Central America and South America.

  450. Eacles ormondei  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:53) (ICR:96)
    ORMONDEI IMPERIAL MOTH

  451. Othorene purpurascens  ______  CR  (BMCR:53,56c)

  452. Othorene verana  ______  CR  MX  (BMCR:54) (100BM:38)   occurs in Mexico and Central America.

  453. Ptiloscola dargei  ______  CR  (BMCR:54)

  454. Schausiella denhezorum  ______  CR  (BMCR:54)

  455. Schausiella moinieri  ______  CR  (BMCR:54)

  456. Schausiella santarosensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:54)

  457. Syssphinx colla  ______  CR  MX  (BMCR:55,56c)   occurs in Mexico, Guatemala.

  458. Syssphinx mexicana  ______  CR  (BMCR:55)

  459. Syssphinx molina  ______  CR  (BMCR:55)   occurs from Mexico to Argentina.

  460. Syssphinx quadrilineata  ______  CR  (BMCR:55)   occurs in in Mexico and Central America.


    Family SATURNIIDAE, Subfamily HEMILEUCINAE



    Photographed in Guatemala, an Automeris moth
    in the family Saturniidae 
    (photo by Sherry Nelson)

  461. Arias inbio  ______  CR  (BMCR:57)

  462. Automeris banus  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:57) (ICR:99)   occurs in Central America and northern South America 

  463. Automeris belti  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:57,70c) (100BM:3)

  464. Automeris celata  ______  CR  (BMCR:57)

  465. Automeris duchartrei  ______  CR  (BMCR:57)

  466. Automeris exigua  ______  CR  (BMCR:57)

  467. Automeris fieldi  ______  CR  (BMCR:60)

  468. Automeris gabriellae  ______  BZ

  469. Automeris hamata  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:58)

  470. Automeris io  (ph)  ______  H#7746  BZ  CR  (BMCR:58,70c) (100BM:4)
    IO MOTH 



    An Io Moth photographed during a FONT tour in Belize 

  471. Automeris jucunda  ______   occurs in Panama and northern South America

  472. Automeris kopturae  ______  CR  (BMCR:58)

  473. Automeris lauta  ______   occurs in Guatemala and Honduras.

  474. Automeris macphaili  ______   occurs in Mexico, Guatemala.

  475. Automeris metzli  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:58,59) (100BM:85)   occurs from Mexico to Venezuela, and in Colombia, Ecuador

  476. Automeris moloneyi  ______  BZ

  477. Automeris montezuma  ______  BZ   occurs in Mexico, Guatemala

  478. Automeris oaxacensis  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico

  479. Automeris pallidior  ______  CR  (BMCR:59)

  480. Automeris phrynon  ______  CR  (BMCR:59) (100BM:86)

  481. Automeris postalbula  ______  CR  (BMCR:59) (ICR:101) (100C:1-c)

  482. Automeris tridens  ______  CR  MX  (BMCR:60,69c) (100C:2-c)  occurs in eastern Mexico and Central America 

  483. Automeris zozine  ______  BZ  MX   occurs in Mexico, Guatemala 

  484. Automeris zugana  ______  CR  (BMCR:60) (ICR:100) (100C:3-c)

  485. Automeris zurobara  ______  CR  (BMCR:60)

  486. Cerodirphia avenata  ______  CR  (BMCR:60)

  487. Dirphia avia  ______  CR  (BMCR:61,70c) (100C:4-c)   occurs in Central America and South America 

  488. Dirphia horcana  ______  CR  (BMCR:61)

  489. Dirphia panamensis  ______   occurs in Central America and northern South America

  490. Dirphiopsis flora  ______  CR  (BMCR:61,69eggs)   occurs from Honduras to Bolivia

  491. Dirphiopsis wolfei  ______  MX   occurs in southern Mexico and Guatemala

  492. Gamelia musta  ______  CR  (BMCR:61,70c)

  493. Gamelia septenrionalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:61,62)

  494. Hylesia aeneides  ______  CR  (BMCR:62)

  495. Hylesia annulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:62)

  496. Hylesia bertrandi  ______  CR  (BMCR:64)

  497. Hylesia continua  ______  CR  (BMCR:62)

  498. Hylesia dalina  ______  CR  (BMCR:62)

  499. Hylesia frigada  ______  CR  (BMCR:63)

  500. Hylesia gigantex  ______  CR  (BMCR:63)

  501. Hylesia hamata  ______  CR  (BMCR:63)

  502. Hylesia invidiosa  ______  CR  (BMCR:63)

  503. Hylesia iola  ______  MX   occurs in southwestern Mexico

  504. Hylesia lineata  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:63)

  505. Hylesia rosacea  ______  CR  (BMCR:63)

  506. Hylesia rubrifrons  ______  CR  (BMCR:64)

  507. Hylesia rufipes  ______  CR  (BMCR:64)

  508. Hylesia umbrata  ______  CR  (BMCR:64)

  509. Hyperchiria nausica  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:64)   occurs from Mexico to South America

  510. Leucanella acutissima  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:65)

  511. Leucanella hosmera  ______  CR  (BMCR:65)   occurs in Costa Rica

  512. Leucanella leucane  ______  BZ

  513. Leucanella saturata  ______  MX

    Leucanella saturata
    occurs in Mexico.

  514. Lonomia columbiana  ______  CR  (BMCR:65)

  515. Lonomia electra  ______  H#7750.99  BZ  CR  MX  (BMCR:65)   occurs from southern Mexico through Central America to Panama 

  516. Lonomia rufescens  ______  CR  (BMCR:66)

  517. Molippa nibasa  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:66,70c)   occurs in tropical America

  518. Molippa ninfa  ______  BZ  MX   occurs in Mexico and Central America

  519. Molippa simillima  ______  CR  (BMCR:66)

  520. Molippa tusina  ______  CR  (BMCR:66)

  521. Paradirphia citrina  ______   occurs in Guatemala

  522. Paradirphia hoegei  ______  MX   occurs in southeast Mexico, Guatemala

  523. Paradirphia lasiocampina  ______  MX   occurs in western Mexico

  524. Paradirphia semirosea  ______  CR  (BMCR:67)

  525. Paradirphia valverdei  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico, Guatemala

  526. Paradirphia winnifredae  ______  CR  (BMCR:67)

  527. Periga cluacina  ______  CR  (BMCR:67)

  528. Periphoba arcaei  ______  CR  MX  (BMCR:67,70c)   occurs from Mexico to Costa Rica

  529. Pseudautomeris irene  ______  CR  (BMCR:68)

  530. Pseudodirphia lacsa  ______  CR  (BMCR:68)

  531. Pseudodirphia menander  ______  CR  (BMCR:68) (ICR:102) (100BM:90)

  532. Pseudodirphia mexicana  ______  MX   occurs in southern Mexico

  533. Pseudodirphia regia  ______  CR  (BMCR:68)   occurs in Central America and northwest South America 

  534. Xanthodirphia abbreviata  ______  CR  (BMCR:68)

  535. Xanthodirphia amarilla  ______  CR  (BMCR:68)


    Family SATURNIIDAE, Subfamily SATURNIINAE

  536. Antheraea godmani  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:71) (ICR:105)   occurs from Mexico to Colombia.

  537. Copaxa copaxoides  ______  MX   occurs in southwest Mexico. 

  538. Copaxa curvilinea  ______  CR  (BMCR:71) (100BM:48)   occurs in Nicaragua, Costa Rica.

  539. Copaxa cydippe  ______  MX   occurs from Mexico to Honduras.

  540. Copaxa denda  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico 

  541. Copaxa escalantei  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:72)   occurs from Mexico to Panama, species described in 1971

  542. Copaxa evelynae  ______   occurs in Guatemala, Honduras.

  543. Copaxa lavendera  ______  MX   occurs from Mexico to Honduras

  544. Copaxa mannana  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico

  545. Copaxa mazaorum  ______  MX   occurs in Mexico

  546. Copaxa moinieri  ______  CR  (BMCR:71,75c,eggs)   occurs in Costa Rica

  547. Copaxa multifenestrata  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:72)

  548. Copaxa rufa  ______  MX   occurs in southwest Mexico 

  549. Copaxa rufinans  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:72eggs) (ICR:106)

  550. Copaxa simson  ______  CR  (BMCR:72)   occurs in Central America and South America

  551. Copaxa sophronia  ______  MX   occurs from Mexico to Honduras

  552. Copaxa syntheratoides  ______  CR  (BMCR:73) (ICR:107)

  553. Copaxa troetschi  ______  CR  (BMCR:73)

  554. Copaxa trotterorum  ______  CR  (BMCR:73)

  555. Eupackardia calleta  ______  H#7763  MX   occurs from the southern US and Mexico to Honduras.

  556. Rothschildia erycina  ______  BZ  CR  MX  (BMCR:74) (100BM:94)
    Rothschildia erycina nigrescens  ______  CR 
    subspecies from Costa Rica to Ecuador

    Rothschildia erycina
    occurs from Mexico to Paraguay.

  557. Rothschildia lebeau  ______  H#7761.1  BZ  CR  MX  (BMCR:74,75c) (ICR:103)
    Rothschildia lebeau forbesi  ______  MX 
    subspecies in Texas, Mexico  
    LEBEAU'S SILKMOTH

  558. Rothschildia orizaba  (ph)  ______  H#7762  CR  MX  PN  (BMCR:73,74) 
    Rothschildia orizaba orizaba  ______ 
    subspecies in Mexico and Central America
    ORIZABA SILKMOTH
     
    (another name is Window-winged Saturnian)



    Above and below: Orizaba Silkmoths 
    Above, photographed in October 2012 in Boquete, Panama
    (photo by Francisco Crespo)
    Below, a photograph in Guatemala showing the size
    (photo by Sherry Nelson) 




  559. Rothschildia roxana  ______  BZ  MX   occurs in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala 

  560. Rothschildia triloba  ______  CR  (BMCR:74,75c) (ICR:104)   occurs in Central America


    Family SATURNIIDAE, Subfamily OXYTENINAE

  561. Oxytenis albiunulata  ______  CR  (BMCR:76)

  562. Oxytenis beprea  ______  CR  (BMCR:76)

  563. Oxytenis ferruginea  ______  CR  (BMCR:77)

  564. Oxytenis gigantea  ______  CR  (BMCR:76)

  565. Oxytenis modestia  ______  CR  PN  (BMCR:77) (ICR:95 photo of the moth and the caterpillar) (100BM:47) 
    "DEAD-LEAF" MOTH

  566. Oxytenis naemia  ______  CR  PN  (BMCR:77)
    Oxytenis naemia orecta  ______  CR  PN  (BMCR:77)

  567. Oxytenis nubila  ______  CR  (BMCR:77)

  568. Therinia transversaria  (ph)  ______  CR  (BMCR:76) (ICR:108)  (formerly Asthenidia transversaria)
    Therinia transversaria salax  ______  CR  (BMCR:76) 



    Therinia transversaria photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Fred Lesser, taken after dark on his i-phone)


    Family SPHINGIDAE:  SPHINX MOTHS, including HAWK MOTHS or "HUMMINGBIRD MOTHS''

    SPHINGIDAE is distributed throughout the world, and is well represented in the tropics. 
    Worldwide, there are about 1,200 species in 200 genera. About 145 species have been found in Costa Rica.  

    Moths in the family SPHINGIDAE are generally very strong flyers. 


  569. Adhemarius daphne  ______  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

    Adhemarius daphne interrupta
    occurs in Mexico and Central America.
    Another subspecies, A. d. daphne, occurs widely in South America.
    A. d. cubanus occurs in Cuba.    

  570. Adhemarius dariensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

  571. Adhemarius fulvescens  ______  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

  572. Adhemarius gannascus  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

    Adhemarius gannascus
    is found from Mexico to extreme southeast Brazil.

  573. Adhemarius palmeri  ______  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae) 

    Adhemarius palmeri
    occurs in Costa Rica and Panama and widely across South America.

  574. Adhemarius ypsilon  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:78) (ICR:112) (100BM:16)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

  575. Aellopos ceculus  ______  BZ  CR  (100BM:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Aellopos ceculus is found widely across the Neotropics.

  576. Aellopos clavipes  ______  H#7848  BZ  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    CLAVIPES SPHINX MOTH

  577. Aellopos fadus  ______  H#7850  CR  (BMCR:84co)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    FADAS SPHINX MOTH

    Aellopos fadus occurs from Mexico to Argentina. In the US, it has been found in Florida, Texas, Arkansas, and Washington State. 

  578. Aellopos tantalus  (ph)  ______  H#7847  CR  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)
    TANTALUS SPHINX MOTH
    (or TANTALUS HUMMINGBIRD HAWKMOTH)

    Aellopos tantalus
    is widely distributed across South America.

    Similar to a small hummingbird, Aellopos tantalus is a mostly brown-winged moth with a conspicuous silvery white band on the dorsal surface of its lower back. The moth hovers, like a hummingbird, with its wings a blur as it probes for nectar with its long proboscis. 

    Aellopos tantalus is similar Aellopos titan and Aellopos fadus, but it is smaller and with only 3 white triangular marks in a line on the forewing, and a 4th above the outermost mark. 



    Tantalus Sphinx Moth

  579. Aellopos titan  ______  H#7849  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    TITAN SPHINX MOTH

    Aellopos titan titan occurs in Mexico, Central America, and across most of South America. That subspecies is also in the West Indies. It is replaced in Cuba by A. t. cubana.
    The species is a strong flier, and has been found across the eastern United States, and even into southern Canada. Breeding has been confirmed in the US in Texas.
    Overall, Aellopos titan is a common species.       

  580. Agrius cingulata  (ph)  ______  H#7771  BZ  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)
    PINK-SPOTTED HAWK MOTH

    Agrius cingulata is primarily Neotropical, but it also breeds in the southern USA, and strays have been recorded as far north as eastern Canada and even in western Europe.    



    Pink-spotted Hawk Moth

  581. Aleuron carinatum  ______  BZ

  582. Aleuron chloroptera  ______  BZ 

    Aleuron chloroptera
    can be found throughout the Neotropical region. 

  583. Aleuron iphis  ______  BZ

    Aleuron iphis
    can be found across the Neotropics. 

  584. Aleuron neglectum  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Aleuron neglectum is a Neotropical species with a similar range, characteristics and behavior as Aleuron chloroptera and Aleuron iphis.

  585. Amphimoea walkeri  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)
    DARWIN HAWKMOTH

    Amphimoea walkeri occurs widely in Central America and South America. 

  586. Callionima denticulata  ______  CR

    Callionima denticulata
    occurs in Mexico, Central America, and in South America south to Bolivia. 

  587. Callionima falcifera  ______  H#7845  BZ
    FALCIFERA SPHINX MOTH 

    Callionima falcifera occurs from Central America south to central South America.

  588. Callionima inuus  ______  BZ

    Callionima inuus
    occurs throughout the Neotropics.

  589. Callionima nomius  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Callionima nomius is found throughout the Neotropics.

  590. Callionima pan  ______

    Callionima pan is found from Central America south to Amazonia. It is replaced by C. p. neivai in southern Brazil.

  591. Callionima parce  ______  BZ

    Callionima parce occurs widely from Mexico to Argentina.

  592. Cautethia spuria  ______  H#7868  BZ  CR  (BMCR81,85c)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    SPURIOUS SPHINX MOTH

  593. Cautethia yucatana  ______  H#7869  BZ

  594. Cocytius antaeus  ______  H#7772  BZ  CR  (W:255)
    GIANT SPHINX

    Cocytius antaeus occurs throughout the Neotropics. In the US. it occurs in Florida, Texas, Arizona, Mississippi.
    There are populations in the West Indies but no subspecies.

  595. Cocytius cluentius  ______  BZ

  596. Cocytius duponchel  ______  H#7773  BZ
    DUPONCHEL'S SPHINX MOTH

    Cocytius duponchel
    ranges in Central America, and in northern and central South America. as well as in the Antilles. 

    The taxonomy of Cocytius duponchel may change to Amphonyx.

  597. Cocytius lucifer  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

    Cocytius lucifer
    ranges in Central America and in northern and central South America. 

    The taxonomy of Cocytius lucifer may change to Amphonyx.

  598. Dolbogene igualana  ______  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

  599. Enyo cavifer  ______  BZ

    Enyo cavifer
    is a Neotropical species, in Central America and south to Brazil.  

  600. Enyo gorgon  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Enyo gorgon
    is a Neotropical species, in Central America and in most of South America.

  601. Enyo japix  ______  BZ

  602. Enyo lugubris  (ph)  ______  H#7851  BZ  (species described by Linnaeus in 1771)
    MOURNFUL SPHINX MOTH

    Enyo lugubris lugubris
    is widespread across Central America and South America. 
    It is replaced by E. l. delanoi in the Galapagos Islands.



    Mournful Sphinx Moth
    (copyrighted photo by Lisa Johnson)

  603. Enyo ocypete  ______  H#7852  BZ  CR  (100BM:84)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)

    Enyo ocypete
    is a widespread species occurring in most of the Neotropics. 

  604. Enyo pronoe  ______  BZ

  605. Erinnyis alope  ______  H#7832  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81) (W:278)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    ALOPE SPHINX MOTH

    Erinnyis alope alope
    occurs from Caribbean islands and south through Central America and into South America to northern Argentina. In occurs in various southern US states, including Florida where it regularly breeds.  Strays have occurred as far north as Massachusetts in the US and Saskatchewan in Canada.
    As with other Erinnyis species, there is a separate subspecies in the Galapagos Islands, E. a. dispersa.    

  606. Erinnyis crameri  ______  H#7836  BZ  CR  (BMCR:85co)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    CRAMER'S SPHINX MOTH

    Erinnyis crameri
    occurs in the Neotropics from Mexico to Paraguay and southern Brazil, and in the West Indies and in the southern states of the US.  

  607. Erinnyis domingonis  ______  BZ

  608. Erinnyis ello  ______  H#7834  BZ  CR  (W:266)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)
    ELLO SPHINX MOTH

    Erinnyis ello ello
    occurs in the Neotropics as far south as northern Argentina. It also breeds in some southern US states: Florida, Texas, Arizona, California. 
    The subspecies E. e. encantada is found in the Galapagos Islands.

  609. Erinnyis lassauxi  ______  H#7833  BZ
    LASSAUX'S SPHINX MOTH

    Erinnyis lassauxi occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina. It is also found on some Caribbean islands, and in the southern US in Texas and possibly Arizona and Florida. 

  610. Erinnyis obscura  ______  H#7837  BZ
    OBSCURE SPHINX MOTH

    Erinnyis obscura occurs from Mexico to Argentina, and in the southern states of the US.
    The subspecies E. o. conformis is in the Galapagos Islands. 

  611. Erinnyis oenotrus  ______  H#7835  BZ
    OLEANDER SPHINX MOTH

    Erinnyis oenotrus
    occurs from Mexico and the West Indies south to northern Argentina. The species also strays into the southern US states of Florida and Texas.

  612. Erinnyis yucatana  ______  H#7839.1  BZ

  613. Eumorpha anchemolus  ______  H#7857  BZ

    Eumorpha anchemolus
    occurs from southern Mexico to northern Argentina.

  614. Eumorpha fasciatus  ______  H#7865  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81) (ICR:111)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    BANDED SPHINX MOTH

    Eumorpha fasciatus
    occurs from Mexico to Argentina, and on Caribbean islands. It breeds in the southern US in the Carolinas, Florida, and west along the Gulf of Mexico and eastern Texas, and north to Missouri.
    Adults migrate long distances in the late summer in the Northern Hemisphere and have been found as far north as Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Ontario.
    A second subspecies, E. f. tupaci, is found only in the Galapagos Islands.       

  615. Eumorpha labruscae  (ph)  ______  H#7866  BZ  CR  (BMCR:84co)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)
    GAUDY SPHINX MOTH

    Eumorpha labruscae
    is a widespread species, ranging from Mexico to Argentina, and on Caribbean islands and also in the Nearctic region, where it has occurred as far north as Michigan in the US and Saskatchewan.
    A second subspecies, E. l. yupanquii, occurs in the Galapagos Islands.      

    Eumorpha labruscae can grow up to the size of a human hand. This migrating moth is commonly found in the West Indies and in Central and South America. It occasionally occurs in the United States and as far north as Canada.

    It is known as the Gaudy Sphinx Moth due to its remarkable markings and the amazing array of colors on its wings. 
    It has a combination of green, blue, red, and yellow on the wings which explains the flamboyant common name. 






    Above: two photographs of the caterpillar of the Gaudy Sphinx Moth
    (copyrighted photos by Cade Johnson)
    Below: two photographs of the adult Gaudy Sphinx Moth,
    in the lower photo with the colorful wings open 
    (photos by Helene Kyrk)





     


  616. Eumorpha megaeacus  ______  H#7862

    Eumorpha megaeacus occurs from Mexico to Brazil.

  617. Eumorpha obliquus  ______  BZ

    The nominate, Eumorpha obliqiuus obliquus, occurs from Mexico to Bolivia. It is replaced in eastern Brazil by E. o. orientis.   

  618. Eumorpha phorbas  ______  BZ  

    Eumorpha phorbas occurs from Mexico to southern Brazil.

  619. Eumorpha satellitia  ______  H#7858  BZ  (species described by Linnaeus in 1771)
    SATELLITE SPHINX MOTH

  620. Eumorpha triangulum  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:81)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  621. Eumorpha vitis  ______  H#7864  BZ  CR  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)
    VINE SPHINX MOTH

    Eumorpha vitis vitis ranges from Mexico to Argentina. It also breeds in the US in southern Florida and much of Texas.
    Two subspecies occur on Caribbean islands. E. v. fuscatus is on Saint Lucia, Guadeloupe, and Martinique.
    E. v. hesperidum is on Jamaica.

  622. Eupyrrhoglossum sagra  ______  H#7846.1  BZ
    SAGRA SPHINX MOTH

    Eupyrrhoglossum sagra
    can be found across the Neotropics, including on Caribbean islands and in Cuba. It has recently been found breeding in southern Florida.

  623. Hemeroplanes ornatus  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:82)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Hemeroplanes ornatus occurs widely from Mexico to southern Brazil. 

  624. Hemeroplanes triptolemus  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:82)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Hemeroplanes triptolemus occurs widely from Mexico to Brazil.

  625. Hyles lineata  (ph)   ______  H#7894  CR  (BMCR:82) (W:275)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    WHITE-LINED SPHINX MOTH



    Above & below: Hyles lineata, the White-lined Sphinx,
    the moth and the caterpillar  
    Both photographs during a FONT tour.
    (photos by Doris Potter)




  626. Isognathus caricae  ______

    The nominate, Isognathus caricae caricae, occurs from Mexico to southeast South America. A second subspecies, I. c. rainermarxi, was described in 1999 in Peru on the west side of the Andes Mountains.  

  627. Isognatus leachii  ______

    Isognatus leachii occurs from Central America to Argentina.

  628. Isognathus rimosa  ______  H#7831  BZ

  629. Isognathus scyron  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:82)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  630. Isognathus swainsonii  ______

    Isognathus swainsonii
    can be found from southern Central America to Brazil. 

  631. Kloneus babayaga  ______  CR  (100BM:57)

    Kloneus babayaga
    is a rare, or at least a very rarely seen moth in Costa Rica. The species is similar to another sphinx moth, Pachylia ficus (below, in this list).
    To the suggestion that Kloneus babayaga be merged into the Pachylia genus, the coauthor of the master checklist of Sphingidae of the world (in 2000), Jean-Marie Cadiou, wrote:
    "As to systematics, I strongly object to the prestigious Kloneus being downgraded to the status of a mere Pachylia .....  besides which the phrase 'Kloneus babayaga' was coined by Skinner to mean 'son of a bitch'  in reference to Preston Clark, and it would be a pity to lose that piece of entomological history".      
    (source: "100 Butterflies and Moths, Portraits from the Tropical Forests of Costa Rica", by Miller, Janzen, Hallwachs, 2007) 

  632. Madoryx bubastus  ______  BZ  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  633. Madoryx oictus  ______  BZ  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Madoryx oictus oictus occurs widely from Mexico to southern Brazil. It is replaced in Jamaica by M. o. jamicensis. 

  634. Madoryx plutonius  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:82) (ICR:110) (100BM:58)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Madoryx plutonius ranges from Costa Rica to Brazil. The nominate subspecies occurs In South America whereas the subspecies in Central America is M. p. dentatus.    

  635. Manduca albiplaga  ______  H#7779  BZ

    Manduca albiplaga occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina.

  636. Manduca corallina  ______  BZ

  637. Manduca dilucida  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:80co)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

  638. Manduca florestan  ______  H#7782  BZ  CR  (BMCR:79,80c)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

    Manduca florestan occurs from southeast Arizona and southwest New Mexico south through Central America to northern Argentina.   

  639. Manduca hannibal  ______  BZ

    Two subspecies of Manduca hannibal occur from southern Central America south into Bolivia and Brazil.
    M. h. hamilcar occurs in northeast, southeast, and parts of southern Brazil.
    M. h. mayeri occurs in Mexico.    

  640. Manduca lanuginosa  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:80co)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

  641. Manduca lefeburei  ______  BZ

    The nominate Manduca lefeburei lefeburei occurs widely across Central America and South America, while it is replaced in Mexico by M. l. bossardi.

  642. Manduca lichenea  ______  BZ

  643. Manduca muscosa  ______  H#7781  BZ
    MUSCOSA SPHINX MOTH

  644. Manduca occulta  ______  H#7777  BZ  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)
    OCCULT SPHINX MOTH

  645. Manduca ochus  ______  BZ

  646. Manduca pellenia  ______  BZ

  647. Manduca rustica  (ph)  ______  H#7778  BZ  CR  (W:249)
    RUSTIC SPHINX MOTH 

    Manduca rustica rustica has a broad distribution across South America, and further north in the West Indies, Central America. and to the mid-Atlantic states of the US.   
    Other subspecies are in: Mexico, Cuba, the Lesser Antilles, and the Galapagos islands,  



    Rustic Sphinx Moth

  648. Manduca sexta  (ph)  ______  H#7775  BZ  CR  (W:248)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1763)
    CAROLINA SPHINX  (TOBACCO HORNWORM)

    Manduca sexta sexta occurs widely across the USA and in Central America. It is replaced across much of South America from Venezuela to Argentina by M. s. paphus.
    Other subspecies are in: Argentina, Chile, the Galapagos Islands, and Jamaica, the Dominican Republic. and Saint Lucia.     
       


    Carolina Sphinx
    (photo by Stephen Kloiber) 

  649. Manduca wellingi  ______  BZ  (species described in 1984)

  650. Neococytius cluentius  ______  H#7774  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

    Neococytius cluentius
    occurs throughout Central America, and in most of South America, as well as in the West Indies and Cuba. It occasionally strays into the USA as far north as Michigan.    

  651. Nyceryx coffaeae  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:85co)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Nyceryx coffaeae
    occurs widely in the Neotropics.

  652. Nyceryx riscus  ______  BZ

    Nyceryx riscus occurs from Mexico to Argentina.

  653. Nyceryx tacita  ______  CR  (BMCR:82)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  654. Oryba achemenides  ______  BZ  CR  (100BM:5)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  655. Oryba kadeni  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:82) (100BM:6)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Oryba kadeni has been reported from Central America south to southern Brazil.  

  656. Pachygonidia caliginosa  ______  BZ

  657. Pachygonidia drucei  ______  BZ

  658. Pachygonidia ribbei  ______  CR  (BMCR:82)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  659. Pachygonidia subhamata  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:84co)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  660. Pachylia darceta  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  661. Pachylia ficus  (ph)  ______  H#7841  BZ  CR  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)
    FIG SPHINX MOTH

    Pachylia ficus can be found throughout Central America and South America. In the US, it breeds in south Florida, and also occurs in Texas, Louisiana, and Arizona.   



    Fig Sphinx Moth

  662. Pachylia syces  ______  BZ

    The nominate, Pachylia syces syces, occurs from Mexico to southern Brazil and Uruguay. It is replaced by P. s. insularis in the Caribbean islands of the West Indies.

  663. Pachylioides resumens  ______  H#7842  BZ  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Pachylioides resumens
    occurs throughout the Neotropics, including in Caribbean islands. Strays have been reported in the US in Florida and Texas.  

  664. Perigonia lusca  (ph)  ______  H#7846  BZ  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    HALF-BLIND SPHINX MOTH

    Perigonia lusca occurs from Mexico to Brazil. In the US, it is locally common in parts of Florida. 



    Half-blind Sphinx Moth

  665. Perigonia stulta  ______  

    Perigonia stulta is found across the Neotropics as far north as Guatemala.

  666. Phryxus caicus  ______  H#7840  BZ  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    CAICUS SPHINX MOTH

    Phryxus caicus occurs in the Neotropics from Mexico to South America. It also breeds in Florida in the US, and strays north to South Carolina. 

  667. Protambulyx eurycles  ______  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

    There have been a few specimens of Protambulyx eurycles in Costa Rica. It is also found in South America from Colombia to southern Brazil.   

  668. Protambulyx goeldii  ______  CR  (BMCR:78)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)

  669. Protambulyx strigilis  ______  H#7818  BZ  CR  (BMCR:78) (W:255)  (in subfamily Smerinthinae)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1771)
    STREAKED SPHINX MOTH

    Protambulyx strigilis occurs in Central America and south to northern Argentina. 
     
  670. Protambulyx xanthus  ______  BZ

  671. Pseudosphinx tetrio  (ph)  ______  H#7830  BZ  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1771)
    TETRIO SPHINX MOTH 

    Pseudosphinx tetrio occurs widely from Mexico and the West Indies to Central America and South America south to Brazil. 
    In the US, breeding populations occur in Florida, and occasionally in Texas. Strays have wandered in the US as far north as New Jersey and Connecticut.   

    The caterpillar of Pseudosphinx tetrio is large, with a distinctive yellow and black body and a red head. These caterpillars are commonly seen feeding on Wild Jasmine Trees, Plumeria obtusa, and they can strip the tree bare of leaves in just a matter of days. The caterpillar's feeding does not cause any damage as the tree soon leafs out again.  



    Above: The large, colorful caterpillar of the Tetrio Sphinx Moth. 
    It has been seen during FONT tours in the Cayman Islands.
    Below: the adult moth. 




  672. Sphinx merops  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:79)  (in subfamily Sphinginae)

  673. Stolidoptera tachasara  ______  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  674. Unzela japix  ______  CR

    The nominate, Unzela japix japix. occurs from Mexico to Amazonia. It is replaced by U. j. discrepans in southern Brazil. 

  675. Xylophanes adalia  ______  BZ

  676. Xylophanes amadis  ______  BZ

  677. Xylophanes anubus  ______  BZ

    Xylophanes anubus occurs from widely from Mexico to Argentina. 

  678. Xylophanes belti  ______  BZ

  679. Xylophanes ceratomioides  ______  H#7891.1  BZ

    Xylophanes ceratomioides occurs from central Mexico to northern Argentina.

  680. Xylophanes chiron  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:84,85co)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

    Xylophanes chiron nechus
    is found across most of Central America and South America.
    Other subspecies are:
    X. c. chiron in Jamaica,
    X. c. cubanus in Cuba,
    X. c. lucianus on Saint Lucia, Martinique, and on nearby islands. 

  681. Xylophanes crotonis  ______  CR  (100BM:30)

  682. Xylophanes juanita  ______  BZ  CR  (100C:5-c)

  683. Xylophanes libya  ______  H#7891  BZ

  684. Xylophanes loelia  ______

    Xylophanes loelia occurs from Central America south to northern Argentina.  

  685. Xylophanes maculator  ______  BZ

  686. Xylophanes neoptolemus  ______  BZ

  687. Xylophanes pistacina  ______

    Xylophanes pistacina
    occurs from Mexico to southern Brazil.

  688. Xylophanes pluto  ______  H#7857  BZ  CR  (BMCR:83) (W:278)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)
    PLUTO SPHINX MOTH

    Xylophanes pluto has a wide range from Mexico to northern Argentina, including also the West Indies and in the US southern Texas and Florida. 

  689. Xylophanes porcus  ______  H#7888  BZ  CR  (100BM:29)
    PORCUS SPHINX MOTH

    Xylophanes porcus continentalis is found across Central America and South America. It is replaced in Cuba by the nominate X. p. porcus.

  690. Xylophanes rhodina  ______  CR  (BMCR:83)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)

  691. Xylophanes tersa  (ph)  ______  H#7890  BZ  CR  (BMCR:84co)  (W:278)  (in subfamily Macroglossinae)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1771)
    TERSA SPHINX MOTH

    Xylophanes tersa tersa occurs widely from southern Canada to Argentina. The most northerly breeding record is in New Jersey.
    The nominate is replaced by the much darker newly-described subspecies X. t. chaconi in Venezuela, described in 1996. 



    Tersa Sphinx Moth
    (copyrighted photo by Lisa Johnson)

  692. Xylophanes thyelia  ______  BZ  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)

    Xylophanes thyelia thyelia occurs across most of South America. It is replaced by X. t. salvini in Central America.

  693. Xylophanes titana  ______  BZ  CR  (ICR:109)

    Xylophanes titana occurs from Mexico to Argentina.

  694. Xylophanes turbata  ______  BZ

  695. Xylophanes tyndarus  ______  BZ  CR  (100BM:15)

    Xylophanes tyndarus occurs from Mexico to Argentina.

  696. Xylophanes undata  ______  BZ

  697. Xylophanes zurcheri  ______  BZ


    Family LYMANTRIIDAE:  TUSSOCK MOTHS

    Most of LYMANTRIIDAE are found in the tropics of the Old World. There are about 2,000 species worldwide.

  698. Caviria vinasia  ______  BZ

  699. Orgyia sp. janzen01  ______  CR

    A lymantriid of the dry forest of Guanacaste (northwest Costa Rica), Orgyia sp, janzen01 has a biology similar to that of Lymantria dispar, the Gypsy Moth from Europe (also in LYMANTRIIDAE). 

  700. Sarsina purpurascens  ______  CR  (100BM:63)


    Family SEMATURIDAE:  AMERICAN SWALLOWTAIL MOTHS

    Large day-flying or night-flying moths, usually tailed and similar to URANIIDAE (at the beginning of this list).
    The position of the family is not certain, but is usually considered related to the superfamily GEOMETROIDEA (above, in this list, prior to the Giant Silk Moths).

    In the SEMATURIDAE, there are about 30 species in the Neotropics, and a single species in South Africa.

  701. Coronidia egina  ______  CR  (BMCR:186)

  702. Coronidia leachii  ______  CR  (BMCR:186)

  703. Coronidia ribbei  ______  CR  (BMCR:186)

  704. Coronidia subpicta  ______  CR  (BMCR:186,187)

  705. Homidiana canace  ______  CR  (BMCR:187) 

  706. Homidiana hypasis  ______  CR  (BMCR:188)

  707. Homidiana orithea  ______  CR  (BMCR:187)

  708. Sematura luna  ______  CR  (BMCR:188)


    Family NOTODONTIDAE: PROMINENTS 


    Medium to large moths. A few of them small.

    The family is nearly cosmopolitan, with more than 2,800 species having been described. About 300 species have been found in Costa Rica.    

    The distinctive subfamily DIOPTINAE follows this list of species otherwise in NOTODONTIDAE. .

  709. Ankale maltha  ______  BZ

  710. Antaea lichyi  ______  CR  (BMCR:212co)

  711. Antaea omana  ______  BZ

  712. Anurocampa mingens  ______  CR  (BMCR:213co)

  713. Apela dubiosa  ______  BZ

  714. Apela neobule  ______  BZ

  715. Bardaxima lucilinea  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:208,212c)

  716. Bardaxima perses  ______  CR  (BMCR:211co) (100BM:19)

  717. Calledema argenta  ______  BZ

  718. Calledema contingata  ______  CR  (BMCR:208)

  719. Calledema plusia  ______  CR  (100BM:20)

  720. Canodia diffornis  ______  BZ

  721. Cerura dandon  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:212co) (100BM:87)

  722. Cerura rarata  ______  BZ  CR  (100BM:88)

  723. Chliara cresus  ______  BZ

  724. Colox apulus  ______  CR  (BMCR:211co)

  725. Colox phocus  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:208)

  726. Crinodes guatemalena  ______  BZ

  727. Crinodes schausi  ______  BZ

  728. Crinodes striolata  ______  CR  (BMCR:208,212c)

  729. Dicentria rustica  ______  CR  (BMCR:211co)

  730. Dicentria violacens  ______  CR  (BMCR:210co)

  731. Disphragis livida  ______  BZ

  732. Disphragis remuria  ______  BZ

  733. Drastoma dardania  ______  CR  (BMCR:208)

  734. Drugera morana  ______  BZ

  735. Elasmia astuta  ______  BZ

  736. Elasmia pronax  ______  BZ

  737. Elymiotis lignicolor  ______  BZ

  738. Eragisa barnesi  ______  CR  (BMCR:208)

  739. Eragisa sabulosa  ______  BZ

  740. Eunystalea ebalea  ______  BZ

  741. Eustema dara  ______  CR  (BMCR:208)

  742. Hapigia dorema  ______  BZ

  743. Hapigia jeturna  ______  BZ

  744. Hapigia repandens  ______  BZ

  745. Hapigia simplex  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:210co)

  746. Hapigiodes fredericka  ______  BZ

  747. Hapigiodes xoloti  ______  BZ

  748. Hemiceras alba  ______  BZ

  749. Hemiceras conspirata  ______  CR  (BMCR:210co)

  750. Hemiceras micans  ______  BZ

  751. Hemiceras muscosa  ______  BZ

  752. Hemiceras punctata  ______  CR  (BMCR:208)

  753. Hemiceras sparsipennis  ______  BZ

  754. Hemiceras vecina  ______  BZ

  755. Hemipecteros gestrive  ______  CR  (BMCR:209)

  756. Heterocampa remuria  ______  CR  (BMCR:209)

  757. Lepasta bractea  ______  BZ

  758. Lepasta grammodes  ______  BZ

  759. Lirimiris gigantea  ______  BZ

  760. Lirimiris meridionalis  ______  BZ

  761. Lirimiris mirabilis  ______  CR  (BMCR:209)

  762. Lirimiris postalbida  ______  CR  (BMCR:211co)

  763. Malocampa albolineata  ______  BZ

  764. Malocampa danala  ______  CR  (BMCR:209)

  765. Malocampa puella  ______  BZ

  766. Malocampa punctata  ______  BZ

  767. Malocampa sida  ______  BZ

  768. Malocampa sorax  ______  BZ

  769. Marthula cynrica  ______  BZ

  770. Marthula rufescens  ______  BZ

  771. Moresa valkeri  ______  CR  (100BM:1)  in the subfamily PHALERINAE

  772. Naprepa houla  ______  CR  (BMCR:210co)

  773. Navarcostes limnatis  ______  CR  (BMCR:212co)

  774. Notoplusia marchiana  ______  CR  (BMCR:209)

  775. Nystalea collaris  ______  H#7946  BZ  CR  (BMCR:213co)

  776. Nystalea ebalea  ______  CR

  777. Nystalea lineiplena  ______  BZ

  778. Nystalea nyseus  ______  BZ  

  779. Nystalea ocellata  ______  BZ

  780. Nystalea postpuncta  ______  BZ

  781. Nystalea superciliosa  ______  BZ

  782. Pentobesa valta  ______  BZ

  783. Rhapigia accipiter  ______  CR  (BMCR:209)

  784. Rhuda difficilis  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:209)

  785. Rifargia astuta  ______  BZ

  786. Rifargia causia  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:209)

  787. Rifargia demissa  ______  BZ

  788. Rifargia dissepta  ______  CR  (BMCR:210co)

  789. Rifargia distinguenda  ______  H#7966  BZ

  790. Rifargia felderi  ______  BZ

  791. Rifargia gelduba  ______  BZ

  792. Rifargia onerosa  ______  BZ

  793. Rosema attenuata  ______  CR  (BMCR:213co)

  794. Rosema dentifera  ______ BZ

  795. Sericochroa arecosa  ______  BZ

  796. Sericochroa luculenta  ______  BZ

  797. Strophocerus albonotatus  ______  BZ

  798. Strophocerus rectilinea  ______  BZ

  799. Strophocerus thermesia  ______  CR  (100BM:73)


    In the family NOTODONTIDAE (above), the Subfamily DIOPTINAE

    DIOPTINAE
    are confined to the New World, particularly in the tropics. About 500 species have been described to date.

    They are brightly colored, and could be confused with ARCTIIDS.

  800. Erbessa salvini  ______  CR  (BMCR:215) (100BM:65)

  801. Josia gigantea  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  802. Oricia homalochroa  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  803. Oricia truncata  ______  BZ 

  804. Phanoptis cyanomelas  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  805. Tithraustes albinigra  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  806. Tithraustes butes  ______  BZ

  807. Tithraustes erymas  ______  CR

  808. Tithraustes maximus  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  809. Tithraustes mirna  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  810. Xenosoma cytheris  ______  CR  (BMCR:215)

  811. Zunacetha annulata  ______  CR  (100BM:66)


    Family DOIDAE

    Sometimes considered a subfamily of NOTODONTIDAE (above).
    Some moths in DOIDAE have been placed in ARCTIIDAE (later in this list, now, as ARCTIINAE)  

    A Neotropical family from western North America to northern South America.
    Between 7 and 9 species have been described in 2 or 3 genera.

  812. Doa raspa  ______  BZ



    NOCTUID MOTHS, in the families EREBIDAE, NOLIDAE, NOCTUIDAE

    Some now in EREBIDAE were in NOCTUIDAE.

    NOCTUID MOTHS can be small, or large. Most have gray or opaque colors, although some can be striking..
    Generally that have a stout body.
    They are broadly distributed throughout the world and very diverse in tropical regions.    



    Family
    EREBIDAE, Subfamily HERMINIINAE

  813. Dogninades jactatalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  814. Lascoria leucorabdota  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  815. Macrochilo andaca  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  816. Mamerthes terminalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  817. Nicetas panamensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  818. Palthis submarginata  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  819. Pyrgion repanda  ______  CR  (BMCR:226)

  820. Rejectaria atrax  ______  CR  (BMCR:227) (100BM:64)

  821. Rejectaria niciasalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:227)

  822. Rejectaria vinasalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:227)

  823. Scopifera antelia  ______  CR  (BMCR:227)

  824. Scopifera lycagusalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:227)

  825. Scopifera menippusalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:227)

  826. Strathocles pulla  ______  CR  (BMCR:227)


    Family EREBIDAE, Subfamily EREBINAE 
    (formerly CATOCALINAE

    Moths in the subfamilies HYPENINAE, CALPINAE, and EULEPIDOTINAE are in lists that follow those in EREBINAE.

  827. Acanthodica fosteri  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)  

  828. Anomis rubida  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)

  829. Antiblemma abstrusa  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)

  830. Antiblemma anguinea  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)

  831. Antiblemma harmodia  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)

  832. Antiblemma stelligera  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)

  833. Argidia palmipes  ______  CR  (BMCR:228)

  834. Ascalapha odorata  (ph)  ______  H#8649  BZ  CR  (BMCR:228) (ICR:114)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758)
    the BLACK WITCH
      

    Ascalapha odorata
    is a huge moth, with a wing span of about 150mm. It is not brightly patterned, being mostly various shades of brown with dark bands and lines. It sometimes flies in the day, but mostly at night. At a distance, a day-flying Black Witch could be mistaken for a butterfly, the Gold Rim Swallowtail.



    Above: a male Black Witch; below a female.

    (upper photo courtesy of David MacDonald; lower photo by Sherry Nelson) 




  835. Boryzops purissima  ______  CR  (BMCR:229)

  836. Calyptis iter  ______  CR  (BMCR:229)

  837. Ceroctena amynia  ______  CR  (BMCR:229)

  838. Coenipeta damonia  ______  CR  (BMCR:229)

  839. Cryptochrostis crocea  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  840. Cymatophoropsis heurippa  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  841. Diphthera festiva  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  842. Dyomyx psectrocera  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  843. Dyops chromatophila  ______  CR  (BMCR:230,238c)

  844. Dysgonia expediens  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  845. Epitausa coppryi  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  846. Euclystis guerini  ______  CR  (BMCR:230)

  847. Eudocima colubra  ______  CR  (BMCR:231,239c)

  848. Eudocima materna  ______  CR  (BMCR:231)

  849. Eulepidotis guttata  ______  CR  (BMCR:231)

  850. Eulepidotis stigmastica  ______  CR  (BMCR:231)

  851. Eulepidotis testaceiceps  ______  CR  (BMCR:231)

  852. Glenopteris occlifera  ______  CR  (BMCR:231)

  853. Glenopteris ornata  ______  CR  (BMCR:231)

  854. Goniapteryx servia  ______  CR  (BMCR:231) 

  855. Gonodonta bidens  ______  CR  (BMCR:232)

  856. Gonodonta correcta  ______  CR  (BMCR:232)

  857. Gonodonta holosericea  ______  CR  (BMCR:232) 

  858. Gonodonta lincus  ______  CR  (BMCR:232)

  859. Gonodonta pyrgo  ______  H#8539  CR  (100BM:74)

  860. Graphigona regina  ______  CR  (BMCR:232)

  861. Hemeroblemma acron  ______  CR  (BMCR:232)

  862. Hemeroblemma schausiana  ______  CR  (BMCR:232)

  863. Hemicephalis alesa  ______  CR  (BMCR:232,240c)

  864. Hypocala andremona  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  865. Lesmone formularis  ______  H#8655  CR  (BMCR:233)

  866. Letis mycerina  ______  CR  (100BM:52)

  867. Letis tuisana  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  868. Litoprosopus confligens  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  869. Macrodes columbalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  870. Melipotis fasciolaris  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  871. Metria binea  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  872. Ophisma pyrosticha  ______  CR  (BMCR:233)

  873. Orodesma apicina  ______  CR  (BMCR:234)

  874. Oxidercia toxea  ______  CR  (BMCR:234)

  875. Paracte schneideriana  ______  CR  (BMCR:234)

  876. Psedogerespa usipetes  ______  CR  (BMCR:234)

  877. Pseudobarydia crespula  ______  CR  (BMCR:234)

  878. Selenisa sueroides  ______  H#8658  CR  (BMCR:242co)
    PALE-EDGED SELENISA MOTH

  879. Thysania agrippina  (ph)  ______  CR  PN  (BMCR:234)
    the WHITE WITCH 
    (other names are: Birdwing Moth, Ghost Moth, Great Gray Witch, Great Owlet Moth

    Thysania agrippina has a wingspan of up to 12 inches. 



    Above & below: the White Witch




  880. Thysania zenobia  (ph)  ______  H#8647  BZ  CR
    THE OWL MOTH



    Blending in on the side of a tree,
    an Owl Moth
    (photo by Lisa Johnson) 

  881. Zale galactea  ______  CR  (BMCR:234) 

  882. Zale peruncta  ______  CR  (100BM:51)


    Family EREBIDAE, Subfamily HYPENINAE

  883. Hypena covitalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)

  884. Hypena gaudialis  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)

  885. Hypena glumalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)

  886. Hypena levana  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)

  887. Hypena livia  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)

  888. Hypena variabilis  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)

  889. Hypena xenaresalis  ______  CR  (BMCR:235)


    Family EREBIDAE, Subfamily CALPINAE

  890. Ferenta castula  ______  CR  (100BM:45)


    Family EREBIDAE, Subfamily EULEPIDOTINAE

  891. Azeta quassa  ______  CR  (BMCR:229)

  892. Azeta rhodogaster  ______  CR  (BMCR:229) (100BM:89)


    Family EREBIDAE, Subfamily ARCTIINAE:  TIGER MOTHS, WASP MOTHS 

    The name ARCTIINAE is from the Latin for "bear", Arctos, due to the furry larvae.

    TIGER MOTHS (in the tribe ARCTIINI) are spectacular in a number of ways. Not only are they numerous, and there are many species (as many 11,000 species worldwide), they also often have brilliant coloration, due to their toxicity (aposematism). Their attractive colors include red, black, and yellow.
    For their defense, they can detect sounds and ultrasounds (as against bats). And they have other defense mechanisms, such as cataleptic states (simulating death), and the ability to produce various repulsive substances.
    ARCTID MOTHS (in ARCTIINI) are large and wide-winged. 
    They feed on a large variety of plants, especially herbs. Some species feed on algae. They are often poliphagous.
    Host plants that the caterpillars feed on include those in: Apocynaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Rutaceae, and Ulmaceae.   
    Some photos of ARCTIINAE caterpillars are in the book "Ecuador's Butterfly Ecology" (EBE:215co).  

    WASP MOTHS (in the tribe CTENUCHINI)  imitate wasps almost perfectly (except for the wasp's abdominal constriction).
    Caterpillars are mostly furry and brilliantly colored, to show their toxicity. Some species can cause skin irritations in humans. 
    WASP MOTHS are diurnal, and abundant in the Neotropics. They have narrow wings, often metallic. 

    Another tribe in ARCTIINAE is PERICOPINI. They are diurnal, fragile and delicate. Some are large. The adults have attractive colors and are sexually dimorphic. Some species are aposematic or mimetic of other lepidoptera.
    PERICOPINI are restricted to the New World, and occur especially in the Neotropics. 


  893. Agaraea longicornis  ______  BZ

  894. Agaraea semivitrea  ______  BZ

  895. Agylia argentifera  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI, Lichen Moths)

  896. Amastus aurantiacus  ______  CR  (BMCR:247)

  897. Amastus epicostosia  ______  CR  (BMCR:247)

  898. Amaxia apyga  ______  BZ

  899. Amaxia beata  ______  BZ

  900. Amaxia chaon  ______  CR  (BMCR:247)

  901. Amaxia lepida  ______  BZ

  902. Amaxia osmophora  ______  BZ

  903. Ammala helops  ______  BZ

  904. Amphelarctia priscilla  ______  BZ

  905. Balbura fasciata  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  906. Baritius sannionis  ______  BZ

  907. Belemnia inaurata  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  908. Belemnia trotschi  ______  CR  (100BM:98)

  909. Bernathonomus piperita  ______  CR  (BMCR:247)

  910. Berthoidia albipuncta  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:255co)

  911. Bertholdia fumida  ______  CR  (BMCR:247)

  912. Berthoidia specularis  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:255co)

  913. Cacostatia sapphira  ______  CR  (100BM:97)

  914. Calodesma maculifrons  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:251)

  915. Carathis byblis  ______  BZ

  916. Castrica phalaenoides  ______  BZ

  917. Chetone angulosa  (ph)  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:251) (ICP:116)



    Chetone angulosa

  918. Chetone ithomia  ______  CR  (BMCR:251)

  919. Chetone salvini  ______  CR  (BMCR:251)

  920. Cissura plumbea  ______  BZ

  921. Cisthene  praxis  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  922. Composia fidelissima  (ph)  ______  H#8038  BZ
    the FAITHFUL BEAUTY

    Both the larva and the adult of Composia fidelissima are highly conspicuous and diurnal.  



    Faithful Beauty


    In the genus below, COSMOSOMA, there are said to be about 185 known species, occurring in the Neotropics and in the southern limits of the Nearctic, with the greatest diversity and abundance in rainforests and cloud forests in South America, in Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru.

  923. Cosmosoma cingulatum  ______  CR  (100BM:23)

  924. Cosmosoma demantria  ______  (in CTENUCHINI)   occurs from Mexico to Peru 
    BLUE-TAILED BEE-MIMIC 

  925. Cosmosoma teuthras  ______  CR  (100BM:24)

  926. Cratoplastis diluta  ______  BZ

  927. Cyanarctica flavinigra  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  928. Cyanopepla scintillans  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  929. Diarhabdosia laudamia  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  930. Dinia aeagrus  ______  BZ
    SCARLET-TIPPED  WASP MIMIC-MOTH 

  931. Diospage chrysobasis  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  932. Dysschema gaumeri  ______  BZ

  933. Dysschema leucophaea  ______  BZ

  934. Dysschema magdala  ______  BZ

  935. Dysschema viuda  ______  CR  (100BM:27)

  936. Elysius conspersus  ______  CR  (BMCR:247)

  937. Elysius superba  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:247)

  938. Epimolis creon  ______  BZ

  939. Estigmene albida  ______  CR  (BMCR:254co)

  940. Eucereon rogersi  ______  CR  PN    in Central America, in Costa Rica and Panama, also on some Caribbean islands 

  941. Eucereon xanthura  ______  CR  (BMCR:255co)

  942. Eudesmia menea  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  943. Eupseudosoma aberrans  ______  BZ

  944. Eupseudosoma involuta  ______   in Central America, also parts of South America and the Caribbean

    Eupseudosoma involuta
    has previously been Eupseudosoma nivea and Eupseudosoma immaculata.

  945. Evius hippia  ______  BZ

  946. Gardinia magnifica  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  947. Glaucostola guttipalpis  ______  BZ

  948. Glaucostola metaxantha  ______  BZ

  949. Gorgonidia buckleyi  ______  CR  (BMCR:248)

  950. Graphea marmorea  ______  CR  (BMCR:248)

  951. Halysidota atra  ______  BZ

  952. Halysidota interlineata  ______  BZ

  953. Halysidota orientalis  (ph)  ______  BZ



    Halysidota orientalis


  954. Horama oedippus  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  955. Horama panthalon  ______  H#8287  GU  PN  (in CTENUCHINI)
    Horama panthalon texana  ______  GU 
    subspecies in the US in Florida and from south Texas and the southwest US, in AZ and NM, south to Guatemala
    Horama panthalon panthalon  ______  PN 
    subspecies in Panama, northern South America, and the Antilles 
    TEXAS WASP MOTH

  956. Horama plumipes  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  957. Hyalurga sixola  ______  BZ

  958. Hyalurga sora  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:251)

  959. Hyalurga urioides  ______  CR  (BMCR:252)

  960. Hypercompe albescens  ______  BZ

  961. Hypercompe caudata  ______  BZ

  962. Hypercompe icasia  ______  CR  (100BM:53)

  963. Hypercompe leucartioides  ______  BZ

  964. Hypercompe perplexa  ______  BZ

  965. Hyperthaema sororita  ______  BZ

  966. Hypidalia sanguirena  ______  CR  (BMCR:248)

  967. Hypocrita aletta  ______  CR  (BMCR:252) (ICR:118)  (in tribe PERICOPINI)

    Hypocrita aletta is a brightly colored moth, with conspicuous, iridescent pale blue markings along the margins of the wings. serving as a warning of its toxicity to birds.

  968. Hypocrita arcaei  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:252)  (in tribe PERICOPINI)

  969. Hypocrita drucei  ______  CR  (BMCR:252)  (in tribe PERICOPINI) 

  970. Hypocrita reedia  ______  CR  (BMCR:252)  (in tribe PERICOPINI)

  971. Hyponerita tipolis  _____  BZ

  972. Idalus crinis  ______  BZ

  973. Idalus dares  ______  BZ

  974. Idalus herois  ______  BZ

  975. Idalus intermedia  ______  BZ

  976. Idalus lineosus  ______  BZ

  977. Idalus tuisiana  ______  CR  (BMCR:248)

  978. Idalus vitrea  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:248)

  979. Idalus vitreoides  ______  BZ

  980. Illice citrina  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  981. Illice opulentana  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI) 

  982. Illice polyzona  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  983. Isanthrene monticola  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  984. Lampruna rosea  ______  BZ

  985. Lepidokirbyia vittipes  ______  BZ

  986. Lycomophodes correbiodes  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  987. Lycomophodes reducta  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  988. Lycomophodes sordida  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  989. Lycomophodes strigosa  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  990. Macroneme sp.  ______  CR  (ICR:117)   (in tribe CTENUCHINI)

  991. Melese asana  ______  BZ

  992. Melese incertus  ______  BZ

  993. Melese laodamia  ______  BZ

  994. Melese punctata  ______  BZ

  995. Melese sixola  ______  CR  (BMCR:248)

  996. Mulona phelina  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  997. Mydromera notochloris  ______  CR  (100BM:96)

  998. Myrmecopsis ichneumonea  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  999. Neonerita dorsipuncta  ______  BZ  CR  (100BM:54)

  1000. Neritos atta  ______  BZ

  1001. Neritos cotes  ______  BZ

  1002. Neritos flavoroseus  ______  BZ

  1003. Neritos leucoplaga  ______  BZ

  1004. Neritos samos  ______  BZ

  1005. Nodozana hieroglyphica  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  1006. Nodozana picturata  ______  CR  (BMCR:253)  (in LITHOSIINI)

  1007. Notarctia proxima  ______  BZ

  1008. Nudar fractivittarum  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  1009. Opharus consimilis  ______  BZ

  1010. Opharus gemma  ______  BZ

  1011. Opharus quadrupunctata  ______  BZ

  1012. Ordishia godmani  ______  BZ

  1013. Ordishia rutilus  ______  CR  (BMCR:248)

  1014. Ormetica abdalsan  ______  BZ

  1015. Ormetica ataenia  ______  BZ 

  1016. Ormetica nabdalsa  ______  BZ

  1017. Ormetica pauperis  ______  BZ

  1018. Ormetica sicilia  ______  BZ

  1019. Ormetica taeniata  ______  BZ

  1020. Pachydota albiceps  ______  BZ

  1021. Parathyris cedonulli  ______  BZ

  1022. Pareuchaetes insulata  ______  H#8227  BZ
    YELLOW-WINGED PAREUCHAETES MOTH


  1023. Parevia metachryseis  ______  BZ

  1024. Pelochyta arontes  ______  BZ

  1025. Phaemolis lineatus  ______  BZ

  1026. Phaloesia saucia  ______  CR  (BMCR:252)

  1027. Pygarctia roseicapitis  ______  BZ

  1028. Pryteria costata  ______  BZ

  1029. Pryteria unifascia  ______  BZ

  1030. Pseudophaloe cerealia  ______  CR  (BMCR:252) 

  1031. Pseudophaloe troetschi  ______  CR  (BMCR:255co) 

  1032. Rhipha chionoplaga  ______  BZ 

  1033. Rhipha flammans  ______  CR  (BMCR:249)

  1034. Robinsonia deiopeia  ______  BZ

  1035. Robinsonia dewitzi  ______  BZ

  1036. Robinsonia sabata  ______  BZ

  1037. Scaptius submarginallis  ______  BZ

  1038. Selenarctia elissoides  ______  BZ

  1039. Sphaeromachia cubana  ______  BZ

  1040. Sychesia dryas  ______  BZ

  1041. Symphlebia aryllis  ______  CR  (BMCR:249)

  1042. Symphlebia herbosa  ______  CR  (BMCR:249)

  1043. Symphlebia ipsea  ______  CR  (BMCR:249) 

  1044. Symphlebia tessellata  ______  CR  (BMCR:257co)

  1045. Syntomeida melanthus  ______  CR  (BMCR:254co) 

  1046. Talara rubida  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  1047. Talara synnephela  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  1048. Thysanoprymna superba  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:249)

  1049. Trichura cerberus  ______  CR  (BMCR:250)

  1050. Tricypha imperialis  ______  BZ

  1051. Tuina cingulata  ______  BZ  (in LITHOSIINI)

  1052. Utetheisa ornatrix  (ph)  ______  H#8105  BZ  CR  (W:478)  (described by Linnaeus in 1758)    
    ORNATE MOTH 
    (or ORNAMENTED UTETHEISA)

    Utetheisa ornatrix is the New World counterpart of Utetheisa pulchella, the Crimson Speckled Footman. 

    The forewing of Utetheisa ornatrix is yellowish white with irregular, transverse white bands, each enclosing a line of small black spots, and the hindwing is pink with marginal black marks.



    Above & below: the Ornate Moth
    (lower copyrighted photo by Lisa Johnson)




  1053. Virbia birchi  ______  BZ

  1054. Virbia rosenbergi  ______  BZ 

  1055. Viviennea ardesiaca  ______  BZ

  1056. Viviennea salma  ______  BZ

  1057. Viviennea tegyra  ______  CR  (BMCR:249)

  1058. Xenosoma nigromarginatum  ______  CR  (BMCR:252)

  1059. Zatrephes rosacea  ______  BZ


    Family EUTELIIDAE 
    (has been NOCTUIDAE)

  1060. Eutelia ablatrix  ______  CR  (BMCR:236)

  1061. Eutelia abscondens  ______  CR  (BMCR:236)

  1062. Eutelia auratrix  ______  CR  (BMCR:236)

  1063. Eutelia furcata  ______  CR  (BMCR:238co)

  1064. Nagara clara  ______  CR  (BMCR:237)  (in subfamily Stictopterinae) 

  1065. Nagara fenestra  ______  CR  (BMCR:237)  (in subfamily Stictopterinae)

  1066. Nagara heterogramma  ______  CR  (BMCR:237)  (in subfamily Stictopterinae) 

  1067. Paectes devincta  ______  CR  (BMCR:236)

  1068. Paectes lunodes  ______  CR  (BMCR:236)

  1069. Thyriodes terrabensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:236)


    Family NOLIDAE

  1070. Collomena olivaris  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1071. Diplolopha cycloptera  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1072. Elaeognatha argentea  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1073. Elaeognatha argyritis  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)  

  1074. Iscadia mariva  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1075. Iscadia producta  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1076. Meganola placens  ______  CR  (BMCR:246) 

  1077. Neostictoptera chlorotica  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1078. Neostictoptera nigripuncta  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)

  1079. Nola caelata  ______  CR  (BMCR:246)


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily PLUSIINAE:  MILLER MOTHS
     

  1080. Agrapha ahenea  ______  CR  (BMCR:218)

  1081. Agrapha oxygramma  ______  BZ

  1082. Argyrogramma verruca  ______  H#8885  BZ  CR  (BMCR:218)
    GOLDEN LOOPER MOTH

  1083. Autographa biloba  ______  CR  (BMCR:218)

  1084. Autoplusia egenoides  ______  CR  (BMCR:218)

  1085. Mouralia tinctoides  ______  CR  (BMCR:218)

  1086. Plusia caudata  ______  CR  (BMCR:218)

  1087. Plusia masoni  ______  CR  (BMCR:218)

  1088. Pseudoplusia includens  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:218) 

  1089. Rachiplusia ou  ______  BZ


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily BAGISARINAE

  1090. Bagisara albicosta  ______  CR  (BMCR:217)

  1091. Bagisara avangareza  ______  CR  (BMCR:21`7)

  1092. Bagisara laverna  ______  CR  (BMCR:217)

  1093. Bagisara patula  ______  CR  (BMCR:217)

  1094. Bagisara rectifascia  ______  CR  (BMCR:217)

  1095. Bagisara repanda ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:217)

  1096. Bagisara tristicta  ______  CR  (BMCR:217)


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily ACONTIINAE

  1097. Acontia tetragona  ______  CR  (BMCR:220)

  1098. Cydosia curvinella  ______  CR  (BMCR:220)

  1099. Eublemma cinnamomea  ______  BZ

  1100. Eusceptis splendens  ______  CR  (BMCR:220)

  1101. Hoplotarache viridifera  ______  CR  (BMCR:220)

  1102. Ommatochila mundula  ______  BZ

  1103. Thioptera intensifica  ______  CR  (BMCR:220)


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily ACRONICTINAE

  1104. Acronicta beameri  ______  CR  (BMCR:216)

  1105. Acronicta velia  ______  CR  (BMCR:216)


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily CUCULLIINAE:  HOODED OWLETS

  1106. Cucullia costaricensis  ______  CR  (BMCR:221)

  1107. Cucullia lilacina  ______  CR  (BMCR:221)

  1108. Dolocucullia buddhae  ______  CR  (BMCR:221)

  1109. Neogalea sunia  ______  CR  (BMCR:221)


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily AGARISTINAE

  1110. Darceta falcata  ______  CR  (BMCR:219)

  1111. Darceta ophideres  ______  CR  (BMCR:219)

  1112. Darceta proserpina  ______  CR  (BMCR:219)

  1113. Darceta severa  ______  BZ  CR  (BMCR:219)

  1114. Epithisanotia sanctijohannis  ______  CR  (BMCR:219)

  1115. Euscirrhopterus  poeyi  ______  CR  (BMCR:219)

  1116. Neotuerta sabulosa  ______  CR  (BMCR:219) 


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily CONDICINAE

  1117. Condica albigera  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1118. Condica cupienta  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1119. Condica funerea  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1120. Condica imitata  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1121. Condica mobilis  ______  H#9693  CR  (BMCR:225)
    MOBILE GROUNDLING MOTH

  1122. Condica roxana  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1123. Condica selenosa  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1124. Condica subornata  ______  CR  (BMCR:225)

  1125. Condica vacillans  ______  CR  (BMCR:239co)


    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily HELIOTHINAE

  1126. Helicoverpa zea  ______  H#11068  CR  (BMCR:222)
    CORN EARWORM MOTH

  1127. Heliothis ebenicolor  ______  CR  (BMCR:222)

  1128. Heliothis subflexa  ______  BZ

  1129. Heliothis virescens  (ph)  ______  H#11071  CR  (BMCR:222)
    TOBACCO BUDWORM MOTH



    Tobacco Budworm Moth
    (photo by Lisa Johnson)



    Family NOCTUIDAE, Subfamily NOCTUINAE

  1130. Agrotis ipsilon  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)

  1131. Agrotis repleta  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)

  1132. Anicla ignicans  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)

  1133. Anicla infecta  ______  BZ

  1134. Hemieuxoa molitrix  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)

  1135. Hemieuxoa nezia  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)

  1136. Peridroma semidolens  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)

  1137. Praina temperata  ______  CR  (BMCR:224)



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