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Butterflies and Moths
(noting those during Focus On Nature Tours
in the months of: January, February, April,
May, June, July, November, December)
Butterflies are seen during our spring tours
and during our winter tours on the southern islands,
such as Amami & Okinawa.
A List of Japanese Butterflies and Moths compiled by Armas Hill
Those with an asterisk (*) seen during FONT Japan Tours, on the respective island as noted.
Numbers noted as (C:xx) refer to pages in "A World of Butterflies", with text by Brian Cassie, and photographs (superb) by Kjell Sandved
Numbers noted as (F:xx) refer to pages in "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Butterflies", by Dr. John Feltwell
Numbers noted as (KJB:xx) refer to pages in the "Key to Japanese Butterflies in Natural Color", by Toshio Inomata, published in 1990
Numbers noted as (JBM:xx) refer to plates in "Japanese Butterflies & Moths" by Takashi Shiramizu, not known when published but a preface in an early edition was written in 1966
Numbers noted as (S:xx) refer to pages in the "Smithsonian Handbook, Butterflies & Moths", by David Carter
Links to Butterfly Groupings in this
Swallowtails Sulphurs, Yellows, Whites Gossamer Wings, inc. Hairstreaks, Coppers, Blues
Brushfoots Skippers Moths
Geographical Codes (relating to Japanese Islands):
(ph): species with a photo in the FONT website
Throughout the world, there are over 180,000 described species of butterflies and moths (in the order Lepidoptera).
In the following list of Japanese butterflies and moths, 399 species (with additional subspecies) are included.
SOME COMMENTARY REGARDING BUTTERFLY IDENTIFICATION:
"Get a guidebook, take a few years, and
you'll still make mistakes. Butterfly identification has an initial, deceptive
Individuals in a species vary naturally, an eyespot slightly larger, a color brighter.
Males and females of a species can be strikingly dissimilar.
So can genetic morphs or forms within a gender.
In a single species, butterflies that live in a range of habitats can vary in appearance and produce different populations or geographical races, each better adapted to its environment.
Species can also produce generations of distinct morphs in the same place at different times of the year.
One Tiger Swallowtail is black. On the same
flower, another Tiger Swallowtail is yellow.
Another species produces red butterflies in the wet season and blue in the dry. A species darkens in response to air pollution.
A species gains an eyespot. A species loses one."
The above commentary taken from the book, "An Obsession with Butterflies", by Sharman Apt Russell (a wonderful read).
FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Japan Upcoming
FONT Tours Elsewhere
A Bird-List & Photo Gallery of Japanese Birds, in 2 parts:
Part #1: Pheasants to Pittas Part #2: Minivets to Buntings
Mammals in Japan
(with some photos)
Other Lists & Photo Galleries of: Butterflies Birds Mammals Amphibians, Reptiles
Directory of Photos in this Website
A List of Japanese Butterflies:
To Top of Page.