PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
88-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


Desert Plants
in the
western United States
and northern Mexico
 

and some plants in
other nearby habitats  

with those during 
Focus On Nature Tours
thru 2014
noted with an (*) 


during tours in the months of 
January, March, April, May, 
July, August, and September


The following list compiled by Armas Hill 


Photo at right:  
OCOTILLO, Fouquieria splendens
during a FONT tour in Sonora, Mexico  
(photograph by Doris Potter) 


FONT tours in the deserts of the western US & northern Mexico have been in Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, & Texas in the US, and in Sonora in Mexico.         

In the list that follows, below the scientific names are names in English (E:) & Spanish (S:)
The families in the list are given (mostly) in alphabetical order, and genera within them are given alphabetically as well. 
Families that are "break-offs" from other families  follow them, may be out of alphabetical order.  


Links to Plant Families in this List:

ACANTHACEAE - Acanthus

AGAVACEAE - Agave & Yucca  (said to be part of the Lily Family - LILIACEAE)  also NOLINACEAE
 

AIZOACEAE - Fig Marigolds & Carpet-weeds

AMARANTHACEAE  (closely related to CHENOPODIACEAE - the Goosefoots)

ANACARDIACEAE - Sumacs

APIACEAE - Parsleys

APOCYNACEAE - Dogbanes

ARECACEAE, or PALMAE - Palms

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE - Bladderwort, Birthwort, or Pipevines

ASCLEPIADACEAE - Milkweeds

ASTERACEAE. COMPOSITAE - Aster & Sunflower  

BERBERIDACEAE - Barberries

BIGNONIACEAE - Bignonias, Trumpet Creepers

BORAGINACEAE - Borages

BRASSICACEAE, or CRUCIFERAE - Mustards

BURSERACEAE - Torchwoods

CACTACEAE - Cacti   

CAPPARACEAE - Capers

CARYOPHYLLACEAE - Carnations

CHENOPODIACEAE - Goosefoots

CISTACEAE - Rockroses

CONVOLVULACEAE - Morning Glories 

CRASSULACEAE - Stonecrops

CUCURBITACEAE - Cucumbers

EPHEDRACEAE - Ephedras

EUPHORBIACEAE - Spurges 

FABACEAE - Legume, or Pea or Bean Family 
 including, among others, Acacias, Lupines, Palo Verdes, Mesquites, Mimosas 

FONQUIERIACEAE - Ocotillos

GENTIANACAE - Gentians

GERANIACEAE - Geraniums

HYDROPHYLLACEAE - Waterleaves

KRAMERACEAE - Ratanies

LAMIACEAE - Mints

LILIACEAE - Lilies  (Agaves, Nolinas, and Yuccas were included in this family)   

LINACEAE - Flaxes

LOASACEAE - Stickleaves

MALVACEAE - Mallows

MARTYNIACEAE - Unicorn Plants

NYCTAGINACEAE - Four O' Clocks

OLEACEAE - Olives

ONAGRACEAE - Evening Primroses 

OROBANCHACEAE - Broomrapes  

PAPAVERACEAE - Poppies  

PASSIFLORACEAE - Passionflowers

PEDALIACEAE - Sesemes

PLANTAGINACEAE - Plantains

POLEMONIACEAE - Phloxes

POLYGALACEAE - Milkworts

POLYGONACEAE - Buckwheats

PORTULACACEAE - Purslanes

RANUNCULACEAE - Buttercups, Crowfoots

RHAMNACEAE - Buckthorns

ROSACEAE - Roses

RUBIACEAE - Madders

RUTACEAE - Citrus

SAURURACEAE - Lizard-tails

SAPINDACEAE - Soapberries

SCROPHULARIACEAE - Snapdragons, or Figworts  

SIMMONDSIACEAE - Jojobas

SOLANACEAE - Nightshades

VERBENACEAE - Vervains, Verbanas

VISCACEAE, or LORANTHACEAE - Mistletoes

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE - Caltrops

AN ALPHABETICAL DIRECTORY OF PLANT GENERA IN THIS WEBSITE NOTING FAMILIES


Codes:

Categorized in this list:
as a tree: (T)     as a shrub: (S)     as a wildflower: (W)  


CD:   in the Chihuahuan Desert  (in Mexico & the US)
GD:   in the Great Basin Desert  (in the US)
PD:   in the Painted Desert (in the US) 
        
(said by some to be a southern part of the Great Basin Desert  
MD:   in the Mohave Desert  (in the US) 
SD:   in the Sonoran Desert  (in the US & Mexico)

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT web-site

In this list, Spanish names follow the latter S: 

FOLLOWING THE PRIMARY PART OF THIS LIST IS ANOTHER WITH TREES, FLOWERS, and SOME OTHER PLANTS IN HIGHER COUNTRY NEAR THE DESERTS:  

THE FLORA OF "ISLANDS IN THE SKY"

AND     DESERT GRASSES


Other Links:  

Information about Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours:  in North America  
by month in:   
2014    2015    or:  by geographic locations worldwide 

Lists and Photo Galleries in this Website of Other Nature: 
 
Birds in:   
Arizona    California    Colorado    Texas    Sonora, Mexico

Mammals:    Arizona    California    Colorado    Texas    Mexico

Amphibians & Reptiles in:    Arizona    Texas    Mexico

Butterflies in:    Arizona    Texas    Mexico: a list & photo gallery in 2 parts  

Other Lists & Photo Galleries relating to Plants:

Wildflowers & Other Plants in Texas    Wildflowers & Other Plants in Eastern North America

Northern Plants in Alaska, Iceland, & the mountains of Hokkaido, Japan
(with some notes about medicinal and edible plants)
 

Links to Other Lists & Photo Galleries of Plants     
Directory of Photos in this Website



     A List of Desert Plants of the western US & northern Mexico:

       
     
Family ACANTHACEAE  (Acanthus)


        
Genus ANISACANTHUS

  1. Anisacanthus thurberi  ______
    Desert Honeysuckle

    Anisacanthus thurberi
    is a host plant for the butterfly: Texola elada, the Elada Checkerspot.
     

    Genus JUSTICIA

  2. Justicia californica  ______    
    Chuparosa 
    (or Beleperone)  (also called "Hummingbird Bush")
    S: Chuparosa, Beleperone

    Justicia californica
    is a host plant for the butterfly: Dymasia dymas, the Tiny Checkerspot.
      

    Genus STENANDRIUM

  3. Stenandrium barbatum  ______
    Shaggy Tuft


    Family AGAVACEAE  (Agaves)


    Genus AGAVE

  4. Agave deserti  ______  SD
    Desert Agave
    S: Amul
     

  5. Agave havardiana  ______  CD
    Havard Agave 
    (also called Big Bend Agave, or Century Plant)

  6. Agave lecheguilla  ______  CD
    Lechuguilla
    S: Lechuguilla 
    (a Spanish diminutive for lettuce) 

  7. Agave murpheyi  ______  SD
    Hohokam Agave 
    (or Murphey's Agave)
    S: Maguey 
    (a general name for many agaves) 

  8. Agave palmeri  ______
    Palmer's Century Plant 
    (or Mescal)

  9. Agave parryi  ______  CD
    Parry Agave

  10. Agave schottii ______  SD  
    Shindagger
    S: Amole, Maguey, Amolillo 

  11. Agave pelona ______ SD 
    S: Mescal Pelon  (meaning "Bald Agave")

  12. Agave utahensis  ______  GD
    Utah Agave

    The Utah Agave is found in dense populations where Utah, Arizona, and Nevada come together.

  13. Agave zebra  ______  SD 
    Zebra Agave 


    Genus YUCCA  (& HESPEROYUCCA)  (T/W)




    Yucca
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  14. Yucca angustissima  ______  GD  MD
    Narrow-leaved Yucca 
    (resembles the Navajo Yucca)

  15. Yucca arizonica  (formerly Yucca baccata arizonica) ______  SD
    Blue Yucca, Spanish Bayonet
    S: Datil ("date"), Palma Criolla ("creole or native palm")

  16. Yucca baccata  ______  
    Banana Yucca 
    (or Blue Yucca, Datil)

  17. Yucca brevifolia  ______  MD
    Joshua Tree

  18. Yucca carnerosana  ______  CD
    Giant Dagger

  19. Yucca elata  ______  CD  SD 
    Soaptree Yucca
    S: Palmilla, Palmito, Soyate, Cortadillo 

  20. Yucca harrimaniae  ______  
    Harriman Yucca

  21. Yucca navajoa (or Y. baileyi ______  PD
    Navajo Yucca

  22. Yucca rostrata  ______  CD
    Beaked Yucca

  23. Yucca schidigera  ______  MD
    Mohave Yucca 
    (or Spanish Dagger)

  24. Yucca torreyi  ______  CD
    Torrey Yucca 

  25. Yucca (or Hesperoyucca) whipplei  ______  SD
    Whipple Yucca
    (or Spanish Bayonet, Our Lord's Candle, Chaparral Yucca)
    S: Sotolillo, Lechugilla, Quiote


    Family NOLINACEAE (formerly AGAVACEAE and LILIACEAE)  (Nolinas)  


    Genus DASYLIRION

     
  26. Dasylirion leiophyllum  ______  CD
    Chihuahuan Sotol

  27. Dasylirion wheeleri  ______  SD
    Desert Spoon
    S: Sotol  ("Sotole"
    is a palm), Sano 


    Genus NOLINA  
    (with a total of 25 species, in the southwest US & northwest Mexico) 

  28. Nolina bigelovii  ______  SD
    Nolina, Bear Grass
    S: Yuca, Sotol, Palmita

  29. Nolina erumpens  ______  CD
    Foothill Basket Grass
    S: Mesa Sacahuista

  30. Nolina microcarpa  ______
    Bear Grass 
    (a common name also had by other members of this genus)  

  31. Nolina parryi  ______  
    Parry's Nolina

    Nolina parryi
    occurs on dry brushy slopes in southern California.


    Family AIZOACEAE  (Fig Marigolds, or Carpet-weeds)


    Genus SESUVIUM

  32. Sesvium verrucosum  ______  CD  MD  SD  
    Western Sea Purslane

    Sesvium verrucosum is a host plant for the butterfly: Brephidium exile, the Western Pygmy Blue. 

    Sesvium verrucosum
    is scattered throughout the hot deserts of North America.
     

    Family AMARANTHACEAE  (S)  

    AMARANTHACEAE
    is closely related to CHENOPODIACEAE, the Goosefoots, with the latter said now to be a subfamily


    Genus KALI

  33. Kali tragus  (ph) (*)  ______  SD
    Tumbleweed 
    (or Russian Thistle)  

    Kali tragus
    was Salsola tragus.

    Kali tragus
    is not native in North America. It is native to Eurasia, and it is thought to have been introduced into the United States when a shipment of flaxseed from Russia that was contaminated with the seed of Kali tragus was delivered to South Dakota. It is now common in a number of habitats in the western US, and also introduced in other parts of the world including Australia, southern Africa, and parts of Central and South America. 

    Kali tragus dries out as its fruit develops, and then it breaks off at the base of its stem and is carried about by the wind, with its dry fruits and seeds dropping off as it rolls. That is the plant's method of biological dispersal.       . 

    In western North America, Kali tragus is a host plant for the butterfly: Brephidium exile, the Western Pygmy Blue. 



    Kali tagus, known as Tumbleweed
    (photo by Doris Potter)  



    Genus KRASCHENINNIKOVIA

  34. Krascheninnikovia lanata  (ph)   ______  GD   
    Winterfat 
    (or Lamb's Tail, "Sweet-sage" or "White-sage", although neither a sage nor a sagebrush) 

    Krascheninnikovia lanata has been in the genera Ceratoides and Eurotia. 




    Winterfat, Krascheninnikovia lanata
    (photo by Doris Potter)

    The genus name Krascheninnikovia honors the Russian botanist S. P. Krasscheninnikov. 

    Winterfat
    occurs in Eurasia and in western North America.
    It is a woody shrub recognized by its whitish gray foliage and a characteristic wooly appearance in the late summer. 
    The plant is a nutritious winter browse for wildlife. It is cold hardy to 0 degrees F, and very drought tolerant, and it is especially suited to growing at higher elevations , since it must have cool nights to thrive. 


    Genus SALICORNIA

  35. Salicornia bigelovii  ______  SD
    Pickleweed

  36. Salicornia utahensis  ______
    Utah Pickleweed 


    Genus SARCOBATUS

  37. Sarcobatus vermiculatus  ______
    Greasewood



    Genus TIDESTROMIA

  38. Tidestromia lanuginosa  ______ 
    Honeysweet

    Tidestromia lanuginosa
    (above) is an annual. Tidestromia oblongifolia (below) is a perennial.

  39. Tidestromia oblongifolia  ______ 
    Honeysweet


    Family AMARYLLIDACEAE


    Genus ZEPHYRANTHES  

  40. Zephyranthes longifolia  ______     
    Rain Lily

    "Zephyranthes"
    means "flowers of the west wind". Flowers appear very soon after substantial rains.

     


    Family ANACARDIACEAE  (Sumacs)


    Genus RHUS

  41. Rhus chlorophylla  ______
    Evergreen Sumac

  42. Rhus trilobata  ______
    Skunkbush

  43. Rhus virens  ______
    Tobacco Sumac 



    Family APIACEAE  (Parsleys)


    Genus CYMOPTERIS

  44. Cymopteris acaulis  ______  CD  GD  PD
    Plains Spring-Parsley

  45. Cymopteris montanum  ______  CD
    Mountain Spring-Parsley

  46. Cymopteris purpurascens  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Widespring Spring-Parsley 


    Genus ERYNGIUM

  47. Eryngium heterophyllum  ______
    Mexican Thistle


    Genus LOMATIUM

  48. Lomatium mohavense  ______  (similar to the Mountain Spring-Parsley
    Mojave Desert-Parsley 


    Family APOCYNACEAE  (Dogbanes)


    Genus AMSONIA

  49. Amsonia tomentosa  ______
    Blue-Star


    Genus MACROSIPHONIA


  50. Macrosiphonia  macrosiphon  ______  CD
    Rock-Trumpet  


    Family ARECACEAE  (PALMAE)  (Palms)  (T)


    Genus BRABEA

  51. Brabea (spp.)  ______  SD
    Hesper Palm
    S: Palma Ceniza  ("Ashy Palm")

  52. Brabea armata  ______  SD
    Blue Palm
    S: Palma Azul  ("Blue Palm") 


    Genus WASHINGTONIA

  53. Washingtonia filifera ______  SD
    Desert Palm 
    (or California Fan Palm)
    S: Palma de Castilla, Palma de Abanico ("Fan Palm") 
     

    Washington filifera is a desert species only in the sense that it grows within desert boundaries. It is a relict species from a time when what is now a desert was an area receiving abundant rain and was covered by a tropical forest. Today, the Desert Palm grows only around springs and along streams.   

  54. Washingtonia robusta ______  SD
    Mexican Fan Palm
    S: Palma Colorada ("Red-brown Palm"), Palma Blanca ("White Palm") 



    Family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE  (Pipevines, Bladderworts, Birthworts)


    Genus ARISTOLOCHIA

  55. Aristolochia watsonii  ______  SD  
    Southwestern Pipevine 
    (also called Indian Root, Snakeroot, Birthwort)
    S: Hierba del Indio ("Indian Herb"), Guaco 

    Aristolochia watsonii
    is a host plant for the butterfly: Battus philenor, the Pipevine Swallowtail. 

    Aristolochia watsonii ranges from southern Arizona and adjacent Mexico south to the tip of Baja California/ 



    A Pipevine Swallowtail photographed during the August 2010 FONT tour in Arizona  
    (photo by Marie Gardner)  



    Family ASCLEPIADACEAE  (Milkweeds)


    Genus ASCLEPIAS 

  56. Asclepias albicans  ______   
    White-stemmed Milkweed  (or Wax Milkweed)

    Asclepias albicans occurs in dry rocky places in deserts. It is a host plant for the butterfly: Danaus gilippus, the Queen.

  57. Asclepias brachystephana  ______  CD
    Short-crowned Milkweed 

  58. Asclepias cryptocerax  ______
    Pallid Milkweed

  59. Asclepias erosa  ______  MD  SD
    Desert Milkweed

    Asciepias erosa
    is a host plant for the butterflies: Danaus gilippus, the Queen, Danaus plexippus, the Monarch.
     
  60. Asclepias nyctaginifolia  ______  MD
    Mojave Milkweed

  61. Asclepias rusbyi  ______  PD
    Rusby Milkweed

  62. Asclepias subverticillata  ______
    Poison Milkweed 
    (or Horsetail Milkweed)

    Asciepias subverticillata is a host plant for the butterfly: Danaus plexippus, the Monarch. 

  63. Asclepias tuberosa  ______
    Butterfly Weed 
    (or Orange Milkweed, Chiggerflower

    Asciepias tuberosa
    is a host plant for the butterflies: Danaus gilippus, the Queen, Danaus plexippis, the Monarch. 


    Genus SARCOSTEMMA 

  64. Sarcostemma cynanchoides  ______
    Climbing Milkweed

    Sarcostemma cynanchoides is a host plant for the butterfly: Danaus gilippus, the Queen.



    Family ASTERACEAE (or COMPOSITAE)  (Asters, Sunflowers) 

    With about 1,100 genera & 20,000 species in this large, worldwide family; making this and the Orchid Family (ORCHIDACEAE) the two largest plant families.

    Various species in the ASTER family are host plants for the butterflies: Phyciodes batesii, the Tawny Crescent, Phyciodes selenis, the Northern Crescent. 


    Genus ACAMPTOPAPPUS 

    Both of the species here occur in rocky mesas and mountain slopes.

  65. Acamptopappus shockleyi  ______  MD  GD 
    Goldenhead

  66. Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus  ______  MD  SD  
    Rayless Goldenhead
     

    Genus ACHILLEA

  67. Achillea millefolium  ______
    Yarrow 
    (or Milfoil)
        

    Genus ADENOPHYLLUM 
    (or DYSSODIA)

    Both of the species here are abundant in sandy flats and washes. 

  68. Adenophyllum cooperi  ______  MD  SD 
    Orange Glandweed

  69. Adenophyllum porophylloides  ______  SD 
    Sonoran Glandweed 



    Genus AMBROSIA


  70. Ambrosia ambrosioides  ______  SD  
    Bursage 
    (or Canyon Ragweed)
    S: Chicura 

  71. Ambrosia deltoidea  ______  SD   
    Triangle-leaved Bursage 
    (or Burrobush, Rabbitbush)
    S: Estafiate
      
     
     
  72. Ambrosia dumosa  ______  SD  
    White Bursage  (or Burrobush)
    S: Chicurilla, Hierba del Burro ("Burro Herb"), Huizapol


    Genus ANISOCOMA

  73. Anisocoma acaulis  ______  MD  SD  (widely distributed; prefers sandy soils, especially washes) 
    Scale-Bud



    Genus ARTEMISIA  

  74. Artemisia spinescens  ______  GD  MD  PD
    Budsage 
    (or Spiny Sagebrush 

  75. Artemisia tridentata  ______  GD
    Sagebrush 
    (or Tall Sagebrush


    Genus ASTER

  76. Aster spinosus  ______  CD
    Mexican Devilweed
     


    Genus ATRICHOSERIS

  77. Atrichoseris platyphylla  ______  (in sandy, desert washes)
    Tobacco Weed  (or Parachute Plant; also called Gravel Ghost)


    Genus BACCHARIS


  78. Baccharis sarothroides  ______  SD
    Desert Broom 
    (or Broom Baccharis)
    S: Romerillo ("Rosemary"), Escoba Amarga ("Bitter Broom"), Hierba del Pasmo  


    Genus BAILEYA

  79. Baileya multiradiata  ______  CD  SD
    Desert Marigold
    S: Hierba Amarilla ("Yellow Herb")  


    Genus BEBBIA

  80. Bebbia juncea  ______  SD 
    Chuckwalla's Delight 
    (or "Sweetbush")
    S: Chuparosa ("sucked" by insects for nectar), Junco (generic name for "rushes")  


    Genus BERLANDIERA 

  81. Berlandiera lyrata  ______  (in grassy areas in gravelly or rocky soil; common along roadsides)  
    Greeneyes, Chocolate Flower


    Genus BRICKELLIA

  82. Brickellia grandiflora  ______
    Large-flowered Brickelbush


    Genus CALYCOSERIS

  83. Calycoseris wrightii  ______  CD  MD  SD
    White Tack-Stem 



    Genus CHAENACTIS

  84. Chaenactis carphoclinia  ______
    Pebble Pincushion

  85. Chaenactis douglasii  ______  GD
    Douglas Pincushion

  86. Chaenactis fremontii  ______  MD SD
    Desert Pincushion

  87. Chaenactis steviodes  ______  GD
    Stevia Pincushion 
    (or Esteve's Pincushion)  

    Other common names for Chaenactis steviodes are: False Yarrow, Broad-leaved Chaenactis. 

    Chaenactis steviodes is closely related to the Desert Pincushion, and often goes by the same name.

    There are several Chaenactis species with white flowers.


    Genus CHRYSACTINIA

  88. Chrysactinia mexicana  ______  CD (especially in Mexico)
    Damianita 


    Genus CHRYSOTHAMNUS   (S)

  89. Chrysothamnus albidus  ______  GD  MD  PD  (in alkaline flats)
    Alkali Rabbitbrush

  90. Chrysothamnus greeniii  ______  PD
    Green Rabbitbrush

  91. Chrysothamnus nauseosus  (ph)  ______  GD   
    Rubber Rabbit Brush

    Chrysothamnus nauseosus
    occurs in dry open areas with sagebrush.



    Rubber Rabbit Brush
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    Some races of the Rubber Rabbit Brush are light green; others have silvery hairs. The Navajos obtained a yellow dye from the flower heads.   

    Including all the subspecies and varieties, perhaps as many as 20, the Rubber Rabbit Brush ranges from Canada to Mexico, inhabiting all the arid and semiarid ecosystems of western North America.  

  92. Chrysothamnus panicularus  ______  MD  SD  (in washes and on gravelly slopes)
    Desert Rabbitbrush

  93. Chrysothamnus visciciflorus  ______  GD
    Sticky Rabbitbrush


    Genus CIRSIUM

    Species in the CIRSIUM genus are host plants for the butterfly: Phyciodes pallida, the Pale Crescent.

  94. Cirsium mohavense  ______  MD
    Mojave Thistle

  95. Cirsium neomexicanum  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Desert Thistle

    Cirsium neomexicanum is a host plant for the butterfly: Vanessa candui, the Painted Lady.  

  96. Cirsium ochrocentrum  ______
    Yellow-spined Thistle

  97. Cirsium texanum  ______  CD
    Texas Thistle



    A Lesser Goldfinch on Texas Thistle
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 


    Genus COREOPSIS

  98. Coreopsis bigelovii  ______  (in California deserts)
    Bigelow Tickseed

  99. Coreopsis californica  ______  MD
    California Tickseed 

  100. Coreopsis calliopsidea  ______
    Showy Tickseed



    Genus ENCELIA

  101. Encelia farinosa  ______  SD
    Brittlebush
    S: Incienso, Rama Blanca ("White Branch"), Hierba de las Animas (Herb of the Souls")

    In full flower, Brittlebushes seems a solid mass of brilliant yellow. The stems exude a fragrant resin that was chewed by Native Americans and used as incense in churches in Baja California, hence the name "Incienso".  

  102. Encelia frutescens  ______  
    Rayless Encelia


    Genus ENCELIOPSIS

  103. Enceliopsis nudicaulis  ______  GD  MD  PD  (found among desert brush)
    Naked-stemmed Sunray

  104. Enceliopsis nutans  ______  PD
    Painted Desert Sunray


    Genus ERICAMERIA (or HAPLOPAPPUS)

  105. Ericameria lineaarifolia  ______
    Mojave Goldenbush
     

    Genus ERIGERON

  106. Erigeron divergens  (ph)  ______  (in open, sandy areas in deserts; one of a number of similar species)
    Spreading Fleabane



    Spreading Fleabane
    (photographed by Rise Hill during a FONT tour in Arizona) 

  107. Erigeron modestus  ______  CD
    Plains Fleabane

  108. Erigeron utahensis  ______  PD
    Utah Daisy 


    Genus ERIOPHYLLUM

  109. Eriophyllum ambiguum  ______  MD
    Yellow Frocks

  110. Eriophyllum lanosum  ______
    White-ray Woolly Sunflower

  111. Eriophyllum pringlei  ______  MD
    Pringle Woolly Sunflower 

  112. Eriophyllum wallacei  (ph)  ______ 
    Wallace Woolly Sunflower  (has also been called Desert-Gold or Woolly Daisy)



    Wallace Woolly Sunflower, photographed during the August 2010 tour
    in southern Arizona
    (photo by Risė Hill)




    Genus GAILLARDIA

  113. Gaillardia arizonica  ______
    Arizona Blanketflower

  114. Gaillardia pulchella  ______  (in sandy plains and deserts; common along roadsides)
    Texas Indian Blanket  (or "Blanket Flower", or "Firewheel")

    Gaillardia pulchella is a host plant for the butterfly: Closyne lacinia, the Bordered Patch.
      
  115. Gaillardia spathulata  ______
    Utah Blanketflower 
      


    Genus GERAEA

  116. Geraea canescens  ______  (in sandy, barren, flat deserts)
    Desert Sunflower


    Genus GLYPTOPLEURA

  117. Glyptopleura marginata  ______  GD  MD
    Crustleaf 


    Genus GRINDELIA 

  118. Grindelia squarrosa  ______
    Curly Gumweed 
    (or Curlycup Gumweed, or Stickyheads)


    Genus GUTIERREZIA

  119. Gutierrezia sarothrae  ______
    Snakeweed 
    (or Marchweed, Marchbush


    Genus HELIANTHUS

  120. Helianthus annuus  (ph)  ______
    Common Sunflower
    S: Mirasol  ("looks at the sun") 
    (the flowers follow the sun each day, facing east in the morning and west at sunset)

    Helianthus annuus is a host plant for the butterflies: Chlosyne californica, the California Patch, Chlosyne lacinia, the Bordered Patch, Vanessa cardui, the Painted Lady. 



    Common Sunflowers photographed during the FONT tour in northern Arizona in August 2010
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  121. Helianthus petiolaris  ______  PD
    Prairie Sunflower


    Genus HETEROTHECA

  122. Heterotheca villosa  ______
    Golden Aster


    Genus HYMENOCLEA

  123. Hymenoclea salsola  ______
    Cheese Bush 
    (or Burro Bush)


    Genus HYMENOPAPPUS

  124. Hymenopappus filifolius  ______
    Hyaline Herb


    Genus HYMENOXYS

  125. Hymenoxys acaulis  ______  CD  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Stemless Bitterweed

  126. Hymenoxys depressa  ______  (in high desert in central Utah)
    Cushion Bitterweed


    Genus ISOCOMA

  127. Isocoma wrightii  (or Haplopappus heterophyllus)
    Jimmyweed


    Genus LAYIA

  128. Layia glandulosa  ______  
    White Tidy-tips


    Genus LASTHENIA

  129. Lasthenia californica  ______
    Goldfields


    Genus LEUCELENE

  130. Leucelene ericoides  ______
    Rose Heath


    Genus LIATRIS

  131. Liatris punctata  ______  (in dry open places, and among pinons and junipers; often in sandy soil) 
    Dotted Gayfeather


    Genus MACHAERANTHERA

  132. Machaeranthera bigelovii  (ph)  ______ 
    Bigelow Aster (or Sticky Aster)

    Machaeranthera bigelovii occurs in plains and openings in coniferous forest.




    Bigelow Aster
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    The Sticky Aster is a wildflower of the late summer, often coloring entire banks and roadsides with vibrant purple. In the afternoon, as flower heads become shaded, the rays fold upward in the "sleep position".
    The Sticky Aster resembles true asters (Aster), but has spiny or divided leaves.   

  133. Machaernathera canescens  ______  
    Hoary Aster

  134. Machaeranthera gracilis  ______
    Slender Goldenweed

    Machaeranthera gracilis has the lowest chromosome number known in plants, with only 4 chromosomes in each cell. Most plants have 14 to 30. 

  135. Machaeranthera grindelioides  ______  GD  PD
    Gumweed Aster

  136. Machaeranthera pinnatifida  ______  
    Cut-leaf Goldenweed 
    (has been called Yellow Spiny Daisy)

    Machaeranthera pinnatifida
    was once known as Haplopappus spinulosus. This plant has perplexed botanists. Haplopappus is, more strictly, a South American genus.
     
  137. Machaeranthera tanacetifolia  ______
    Tansy-Leaf Aster 
    (has been called Tahoka Daisy)


    Genus MADIA  ("Madia"
    is a Chilean name for a species once grown for the oil in its seeds

  138. Madia elegans  ______
    Common Madia


    Genus MALACOTHRIX

  139. Malacothrix coulteri  ______  MD
    Snake's-Head

  140. Malacothrix glabrata  ______
    Desert Dandelion

  141. Malacothrix torreyi  ______  GD
    Torrey Malacothrix


    Genus MELAMPODIUM 

  142. Melampodium leucanthemum  ______  CD  SD
    Blackfoot Daisy 
    (or Plains Blackfoot


    Genus MONOPTILON

  143. Monoptilon bellioides  ______  MD
    Desert Star

  144. Monoptilon bellidiforme  ______
    Daisy Desert Star


    Genus PALAFOXIA

  145. Palafoxia arida  ______  MD  SD
    Spanish Needle

  146. Palafoxia sphacelata  ______  CD
    Chihuahuan Palafoxia 
    (or Showy Palafoxia


    Genus PECTIS

  147. Pectis papposa  ______
    Chinchweed

  148. Pectis angustifolia  ______  CD
    S: Limincillo


    Genus PLUCHEA

  149. Pluchea sericea  ______  CD  GD  MD  PD  SD    
    Arrowweed

    Pluchea sericea
    grows in springs and along waterways, often forming dense thickets.


    Genus PSATHYROTES

  150. Psathyrotes ramosissima  ______  MD  SD
    Desert Velvet 
    (or "Turtle-back")


    Genus PSILOSTROPHE 

  151. Psilostrophe cooperi  ______
    White-stemmed Paperflower


    Genus RAFINESQUIA

  152. Rafinesquia neomexicana  ______
    Desert Chicory 
    (or Plume-seed)


    Genus RATIBIDA

  153. Ratibida columnifera  ______  
    Prairie Coneflower  (or "Mexican Hat")

    Ratibida columnifera is primarily a prairie species that ranges westward into the deserts. 


    Genus SENECIO 
    (nearly 100 species in this genus occur in the western US)

  154. Senecio bigelovii  ______
    Nodding Groundsel 

  155. Senecio douglasii  ______   CD  PD
    Thread-leaved Groundset

    Senecio douglasii
    is sometimes placed in the species Senecio flaccidus (below). 
    It is a distinctive plant with bright yellow heads and white-woolly leaves and stems.    

  156. Senecio flaccidus  ______
    Thread-leaved Groundsel

  157. Senecio multilobatus  ______  GD  PD
    Great Basin Groundset


    Genus STEPHANOMERIA

  158. Stephanomeria exigua  ______  CD  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Annual Wire-Lettuce


    Genus SYNTRICHOPAPPUS

  159. Syntrichopappus fremontii  ______  MD  SD
    Fremont Xerasid 


    Genus TAGETES

  160. Tagetes lemmonii  ______ 
    Lemmon Marigold

    Tagetes lemmonii
    occurs in the desert mountains of southern Arizona. 


    Genus TETRADYMIA

  161. Tetradymia glabrata  ______  GD  MD  PD
    Little-leaved Horsebrush

  162. Tetradymia spinosa  ______  GD  MD  PD
    Thorny Horsebrush 


    Genus THELESPERMA

  163. Thelesperma subnudum  ______  PD
    Navajo Tea


    Genus THYMOPHYLLA

  164. Thymophylla (formerly Dyssodia) pentachaeta  ______
    Five-needle Fetid Marigold
    S: Parralena

    Five-needle Fetid Marigold frequently grows near Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata) and Snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae), or among pinon and juniper.

  165. Thymophyila (formerly Dyssodia) acerosa  ______
    Prickly Fetid Marigold 


    Genus TOWNSENDIA

  166. Townsendia florifer  ______  GD

  167. Townsendia incana  ______  PD
    Hoary Ground Daisy


    Genus TRICHOPTILIUM

  168. Trichoptilium incisum  ______  MD  SD
    Yellow-head 


    Genus TRIXIS

  169. Trixis californica  ______  CD  SD  
    Trixis
    S: Plumilla ("Little Feather"), Arnica

    Trixis californica
    occurs on rocky desert slopes.


    Genus VERBESINA

  170. Verbesina encelioides  (ph)  ______  CD  GD
    Golden Crownbeard 
    (or Cowpen Daisy)

    Verbesina encelioides is a host plant for the butterfly: Closyne lacinia, the Bordered Patch.  



    Golden Crownbeard, or Cowpen Daisy
    (photo by Doris Potter)



    Bordered Patch on a Cowpen Daisy
    (photo by Doris Potter) 



    Genus VIGUIERA

  171. Viguiera parishii  ______  MD  SD  
    Parish Goldeneye

    Viguiera parishii
    is most abundant in the Yuma Desert of southwest Arizona.


    Genus WYETHIA

  172. Wyethia scabra  ______
    Rough Mule's-Ears


    Genus XYLORHIZA 
    (with a woody base, "Xylorhiza" means "woody base")

  173. Xylorhiza tortifolia  ______  MD
    Mohave Woody Aster

  174. Xylorhiza venusta  ______  PD  
    Cisco Woody Aster

    Xylorhiza venusta
    is endemic to the Painted Desert. 

  175. Xylorhiza wrightii  ______  CD
    Big Bend Aster


    Genus ZINNIA 
    (the genus is named for Johann Zinn, an 18th-century German professor who collected seeds in Mexico of Zinnia elegans, from which the Golden Zinnia descends) 

  176. Zinnia acerosa  ______  CD  (ranges westward into Arizona)
    Desert Zinnia

  177. Zinnia grandiflora  ______   
    Showy Zinnia 
    (or Little Golden Zinnia)   


    Family BERBERIDACEAE  (Barberries)


    Genus BERBERIS

  178. Berberis fremontii  ______
    Desert Barberry

  179. Berberis haematocarpa  ______  CD  SD
    Red Barberry


    Family BIGNONIACEAE  (Trumpet Creepers, Bignonias) 


    Genus CHILOPSIS  (T)


  180. Chilopsis linearis  ______  SD      
    Desert Willow 
    (or "Desert Catalpa")
    S: Mimbre  (
    meaning "wicker"), Jano

    The habitat and resemblance of the leaves of Chilopsis linearis to those of the willows, gives the Desert Willow its common name, but there is no taxonomic relationship between them. 

    Chilopsis linearis occurs along desert washes.


    Genus TECOMA

  181. Tecoma stans  ______    
    Yellow Trumpet Flower

    Tecoma stans
    ranges from southeast Arizona into Texas, but it is seldom abundant.


    Family BORAGINACEAE  (Borages)


    Genus AMSINCKIA  (Fiddlenecks)

  182. Amsinckia menziesii  ______  
    Rancher's Fireweed 

  183. Amsinckia tessellata  ______
    Devil's Lettuce


    Genus CRYPTANTHA

  184. Cryptantha sp.  ______
    "White Cryptantha"  

    Numerous "White Cryptantha" grow in North American deserts, separable only by technical characteristics. Many are dinky plants with small flowers and go unnoticed, but a few are showy.

  185. Cryptantha confertiflora  ______  MD  PD
    Golden Cryptantha

  186. Cryptantha flava  ______
    Yellow Cryptantha


    Genus HELIOTROPIUM

  187. Heliotropium convulvulaceum  ______
    Sweet-scented Heliotrope

  188. Heliotropium curassavicum  ______ 
    Salt Heliotrope 
    (or "Quail Plant")
    S: Cola de Mico  (means "monkey tail", describing the coiled flower cluster)

    The Quail Plant is so-called after the birds that feed on its fruit. It grows in saline areas, with greasewood and other salt-tolerant shrubs.

  189. Heliotropium greggii  ______  CD
    Gregg's Heliotrope


    Genus LITHOSPERMUM

  190. Lithospermum incisum  ______  
    Fringed Gromwell 
    (or Fringed Puccoon)

    "Puccoon"
    is a Native American word for plants that yield dye.


    Genus MACROMERIA

  191. Macromeria viridiflora  ______
    Green-flowered Macromeria


    Genus PLAGIOBOTHRYS

  192. Plagiobothrys nothofulvus  ______
    Popcorn Flower 



    Genus TIQUILIA 
    (or COLDENIA)

  193. Tiquilia greggii  ______  CD
    Gregg's Coldenia 
    (or Shrubby Tiquilia)



    Family BRASSICACEAE  (CRUCIFERAE)  (Mustards)

    Genus ARABIS

  194. Arabis pulchra  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Prince's Rockcress


    Genus CAULANTHUS

  195. Caulanthus inflatus  ______  MD
    Desert Candle

    Caulanthus inflatus is an interesting cabbage-like plant. In the past, it was gathered and eaten by native Americans.  

  196. Caulanthus pilosus  ______  GD
    Chocolate Drops


    Genus DIMORPHOCARPA 
    (or DITHYREA)

  197. Dimorphocarpa californica  ______  SD  (in California)
    California Spectacle Pod

  198. Dimorphocarpa wislizenii  ______  CD  GD  PD
    Spectacle Pod


    Genus ERYSIMUM

  199. Erysimum capitatum  ______
    Western Wallflower

    The Western Wallflower is one of western North America's most striking wildflowers. It is also one of the most variable species, with a wide ecological tolerance.   

  200. Erysimum asperum  ______
    Plains Wallflower


    Genus LEPIDIUM

  201. Lepidum flavum  ______  
    Yellow Peppergrass


  202. Lepidum fremonti  ______  SD
    Fremont's Peppergrass

    The Fremont's Peppergrass is the most showy of its kind, with white flowers resembling broad hearts.

  203. Lepidum montanum  ______  
    Western Peppergrass

    There are at least 15 races of Western Peppergrass, but any perennial, rather than bushy mustard with small white flowers is likely to be this species. 

    Lepidum montanum
    occurs in dry open areas, among Creosote Bush, sagebrush, pinyon, and juniper.  

  204. Lepidum thurberi  ______  MD  SD
    Thurber's Peppergrass


    Genus LESQUERELLA

  205. Lesquerella fendleri  ______
    Fendler's Bladderpod

  206. Lesquerella tenella  ______
    Slender Bladderpod


    Genus NERISYRENIA

  207. Nerisyrenia camporum  ______ 
    Velvety Nerisyrenia  

    The Velvety Nerisyrenia is the most common species of Mustard with large white flowers. It occurs on limestone in deserts and arid grasslands.


    Genus PHYSARIA

  208. Physaria acutifolia  ______  PD

  209. Physaria chambersii  ______  (grows in desert mountains of Nevada, northeast California, & northern Arizona) 


    Genus SCHOENCRAMBE 
    (or SISYMBRIUM)

  210. Schoencrambe linearifolia  ______  
    Linear-leaved Sisymbrium


    Genus STANLEYA 

  211. Stanleya elata  ______  GD  MD
    Desert Plume 

  212. Stanleya pinnata  ______  GD  MD  PD  (in deserts and on plains, often in sagebrush)
    Golden Prince's Plume   


    Genus STREPTANTHELLA

  213. Streptanthella longirostris  ______  MD  PD  SD  (most abundant in the Painted Desert)
    Long-beaked Twist-Flower


    Genus THELYPODIOPSIS

  214. Thelypodiopsis divaricata  ______
    Yellow Thelypody

  215. Thelypodiopsis howellii ______
    Howell's Thelypody


    Family BURSERACEAE  (Torchwoods)

    Genus BURSERA 
     

  216. Bursera microphylla  ______  SD  
    Elephant Tree
    S: Torote Blanco, Copal, Palo Colorado (
    meaning "Red Stick") 


    Family CACTACEAE  (Cacti)

    With about 140 genera and 2,000 species, nearly all found in warm arid parts of the Americas.


    Genus ARIOCARPUS

  217. Ariocarpus fissuratus  ______  CD
    Living Rock Cactus



    Genus ASTROPHYTUM  

  218. Astrophytum asterias  ______  (US endangered; Texas endangered)
    Sea Urchin Cactus  (or "Sand Dollar" or "Star Cactus")  

    Astrophytum asteriae
    occurs in south Texas and in Mexico in Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas.
     


    Genus BERGEROCACTUS 

  219. Bergerocactus emoryi  ______  (in southern California & on some of the Channel Islands and in northwestern Baja Califonria)
    E: Velvet Cactus 
    (or "Golden Torch")


    Genus CARNEGIEA  
     

  220. Carnegiea gigantea  (ph) (*)  ______  SD    
    E: Saguaro
    S: Saguaro 



    Saguaro, photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona
    (photo by Doris Potter)

    The White-winged Dove is a major pollinator of the flowers of the Saguaro


    Genus CORYPHANTHA

  221. Coryphantha missouriensis  ______
    Nipple Cactus  

  222. Coryphantha r. ramillosa  ______  (US threatened; Texas threatened)
    Bunched Cory Cactus 

  223. Coryphantha recurvata  ______  SD
    Santa Cruz Beehive Cactus

  224. Coryphantha robustispina  ______  SD
    Pineapple Cactus 
    (or Pima Pineapple Cactus

  225. Coryphantha vivipara  ______  GD
    Pincushion Cactus 


    Genus CYLINDROPUNTIA  (
    included in OPUNTIA)



    Genus ECHINOCACTUS  

  226. Echinocactus conoideus  (or Neolloydia texensis ______  CD
    Texas Cactus 

  227. Echinocactus erectocentrus  ______  CD
    White-flowered Cactus


  228. Echinocactus hamatacanthus  ______  CD
    Turk's Head 
    (or Turk's head Cactus)  (also called Eagle Claw or Blue Barrel)


  229. Echinocactus horizonthalonius  ______  CD
    Devil's Head

  230. Echinocactus intertextus  ______  CD
    Woven-spine Pineapple Cactus

  231. Echinocactus mariposensis  ______  CD
    Mariposa Cactus  


  232. Echinocactus polycephalus  ______  SD   
    Many-headed Barrel  


  233. Echinocactus texensis  ______  CD
    Devil's Claw 
    (also called Horse Crippler)

  234. Echinocactus tobuschii  ______  CD
    Tobusch Cactus  

  235. Echinocactus unicinatus  ______  CD
    Catclaw Cactus

  236. Echinocactus wislizeni  ______  CD
    Southwestern Barrel Cactus 

  237. Echinocactus warnocki  ______  CD
    Warnock's Cactus



    Genus ECHINOCEREUS  (Hedgehog Cacti, Strawberry Cacti)    

  238. Echinocereus bonkerae  ______  SD
    Bonker Hedgehog Cactus

  239. Echinocereus brandegeei ______  SD   

  240. Echinocereus c. chisosensis  ______  CD  (US threatened; Texas threatened)
    Chisos Mountain Hedgehog Cactus
    (or Chisos Pitaya)  


  241. Echinocereus chloranthus  ______  CD
    Brown-flowered Cactus, Yellow-flowered Cactus 
    (two different subspecies)


  242. Echinocereus davisii  (or Echinocereus viridiflorus davisii ______  (US endangered; Texas endangered)
    Davis's Green Pitaya

  243. Echinocereus engelmannii  ______  SD
    Englemann's Hedgehog Cactus 
    (has also been called Calico Cactus, Strawberry Hedgehog)  

  244. Echinocereus enneacanthus  ______  CD
    Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus 
    (has also been called Warty Hedgehog, Strawberry Cactus) (various subspecies)

      
  245. Echinocereus fasciculatus  ______   SD  
    Robust Hedgehog Cactus    

  246. Echinocereus fendleri  ______  SD
    Fendler's Hedgehog Cactus

  247. Echinocereus ledingii  ______  SD
    Leding's Hedgehog Cactus

  248. Echinocereus lloydii  ______  (was US endangered; was Texas endangered)
    Lloyd's Hedgehog Cactus

  249. Echinocereus mojavensis  ______
    Mojave Hedgehog Cactus

  250. Echinocereus nicholii  ______  SD
    Golden Hedgehog Cactus

  251. Echinocereus pectinatus  ______  CD
    Comb Hedgehog Cactus 

    (With other names for Echinocereus pactinatus being; Rainbow Cactus, Ashy-white Pitaya, Slender-spined Pitaya, Rio Grande Pitaya, Texas Rainbow Pitaya, Big Bend Pitaya)  (various subspecies)

  252. Echinocereus reichenbachii albertii  ______  (US endangered; Texas endangered)
    Black Lace Cactus

  253. Echinocereus triglochidiatus  (ph)  ______  CD
    Claret-cup Cactus, Little Claret-Cup, Southwest Claret-Cup, Texas Claret-Cup, King's Cup  (various subspecies)



    Claret-cup Cactus, photographed in September, 
    2 months after the bright red flowers were in bloom  
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  254. Echinocereus virdiflorus  ______  CD
    Green-flowered Cactus, Green Pitaya, Hen-and-Chickens Cactus 


    Genus EPITHELANTHA 

  255. Epithelantha bokei  ______  CD
    Boquillas Button Cactus

  256. Epithelantha micromeris  ______  CD
    Button Cactus  



    Genus ESCOBARIA

  257. Escobaria minima  ______  (US endangered; Texas endangered)
    Nellie's Cory Cactus

  258. Escobaria s. sneedii  ______  (US endangered; Texas endangered)
    Sneed's Pincushion Cactus


    Genus FEROCACTUS  (Barrel Cacti)   


  259. Ferocactus cylindraceus  (or F. acanthodes ______  SD   
    Spiny Barrel  (or California Barrel Cactus 
     
  260. Ferocactus emoryi  (or F. covillei) ______  SD
    Emory's Barrel 
    (or Coville Barrel



    Emory's Barrel Cactus photographed during the August 2010 tour in Arizona
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  261. Ferocactus emoryi rectispinus  ______  SD
    Straight-spined Barrel   

  262. Ferocactus wislizeni  ______  SD   
    Fishhook Barrel 
    (or Candy Barrel Cactus)  



    Fishhook Barrel Cactus photographed during the August 2010 tour in Arizona
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


    Genus LOPHOCEREUS 

  263. Lophocereus (or Pachycereus) schotii  ______  SD  
    S: Senita  (
    another name is Garambullo)

    Senita is extremely common in desert flats and thornscrub habitats throughout much of the Sonoran Desert. 


    Genus LOPHOPHORA  (Peyotes)

  264. Lophophora williamsii  ______  CD
    Peyote



    Genus MAMMILLARIA  (Nipple Cacti)   
     

  265. Mammallaria grahamii  (or M. microcarpa, M. milleri)  ______  SD 
    Fishhook Pincushion 
    (or Fishhook Cactus)

  266. Mammallaria echinus  ______  CD
    Sea-Urchin Cactus

  267. Mammallaria ramillosa  ______  CD
    Big Bend Mammalleria

  268. Mammallaria macromeris  ______  CD
    Long Mamma

  269. Mammallaria vivipara  ______  CD
    Bisquit Cactus

  270. Mammallaria fragrans  ______  CD
    Fragrant Cactus

  271. Mammallaria tuberculosa  ______  CD
    Cob Cactus

  272. Mammallaria dasyacantha  ______  CD
    Mountain Cob Cactus

  273. Mammallaria albicolumnaria  ______  CD
    White-spined Cob Cactus

  274. Mammallaria varicolor  ______  CD
    Varicolored Cactus

  275. Mammallaria duncanii  ______  CD
    Duncan's Cactus

  276. Mammallaria pottsii  ______  CD
    Foxtail Cactus

  277. Mammallaria lasiacantha  ______  CD
    Golf-ball Cactus

  278. Mammallaria heyderi  ______  CD
    Pancake Pincushion

  279. Mammallaria meiacantha  ______  CD
    Nipple Cactus
     


    Genus OPUNTIA  (
    includes CYLINDROPUNTIA, GRUSONIA, and CORYNOPUNTIA)  (Wildflowers)  

  280. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) acanthocarpa  ______  SD  
    Buckhorn Cholla   

  281. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) arbuscula  ______  SD  
    Pencil Cholla  

  282. Opuntia atrispina  ______  CD
    Dark-spined Prickly Pear  


  283. Opuntia basilaris  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD  
    Beavertail Cactus  
    (or Cholla)

  284. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) biglovii  ______  SD  
    Teddy Bear Cholla  



    Teddy Bear Cholla
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  285. Opuntia echinocarpa  ______
    Silver Cholla

  286. Opuntia engelmanni  (or Opuntia phaeacantha discata ______  CD  SD
    Engelmann Prickly Pear  (or Texas Prickly Pear


  287. Opuntia erinacea  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD  (a variable and taxonomically confusing species)
    Mojave Prickly Pear

  288. Opuntia fragilis  ______  CD
    Fragile Prickly Pear, Brittle Cactus

  289. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) fulgida  ______  SD
    Jumping Cholla   


  290. Opuntia grahamii  ______  CD  (a  smaller version of Opuntia schottii
    Dog Cholla

  291. Opuntia imbricata  ______  CD 
    Cane Cholla, Tree Cholla

  292. Opuntia kleiniae  ______  CD  (flowers are greenish)
    Candle Cholla

  293. Opuntia leptocaulus  ______  CD SD  (flowers are yellow)
    Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus 
    S: Tasajillo   

  294. Opuntia lindheimeri  ______  CD
    Chisos Prickly Pear

  295. Opuntia linguiformis  ______  CD
    Cow's Tingue Prickly Pear  


  296. Opuntia macrocentra  ______  CD
    Purple-tinged Prickly Pear

  297. Opuntia macrorhiza  ______  CD
    Grassland Prickly Pear  

  298. Opuntia phaecantha major  (ph) (*)  ______  SD
    Sprawling Prickly Pear 
    (also called Dusky Prickly Pear and Brownspine Prickly Pear)



    Sprawling Prickly Pear
    (photo by Doris Potter)


  299. Opuntia polyacantha  ______  GD  PD
    Plains Prickly Pear 


  300. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) prolifera  ______
    Coastal Cholla

  301. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) ramosissima  ______  
    Diamond Cholla

  302. Opuntia rufida   ______  CD  (one of the few cacti entirely without spines)
    Blind Prickly Pear 

  303. Opuntia schottii  ______  CD
    Devil Cholla 

  304. Opuntia spinosibacca  ______  CD  (described as recently as 1956)
    Spinyfruit Prickly Pear 

  305. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) spinosior  ______  
    Cane Cholla

  306. Opuntia vaseyi  ______  (a formerly described species now thought to be a hybrid)
    Vasey Prickly Pear

  307. Opuntia (or Cylindropuntia) versicolor  ______  SD 
    Staghorn Cholla

  308. Opuntia violacea  ______  CD
    Purple Prickly Pear


    Genus PACHYCEREUS

  309. Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum  ______  SD  (in Mexico in Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, and Sonora) 
    Hairbrush Cactus
    S: Hecho

  310. Pachycereus pringlei  (ph)  ______  SD       
    Elephant Cactus
    S: Cardon

    Pachycereus pringlei
    is the largest columnar cactus in the Sonoran Desert. It occurs in Mexico along the coast of the Gulf of California in Sonora and on the Baja Peninsula.



    Cardon, or Elephant Cactus, during the FONT tour in Sonora, Mexico in August 2010 
    (photo by Risė Hill; in the photo Armas Hill)


    Genus PEDIOCACTUS

  311. Pediocactus simpsonii  ______  
    Simpson's Hedgehog Cactus
     


    Genus PENIOCEREUS
    (or CEREUS)

  312. Peniocereus (or Cereus) greggii  ______  CD  SD  (in desert flats & washes) 
    Desert Night-blooming Cereus, Queen-of-the-Night

    Inconspicuous most of the year, but when in bloom, the Night-blooming Cereus is easily spotted only in the evening and early morning when its spectacular night-blooming flowers are open. It is very popular in desert rock gardens and in the cactus trade; when a population is found, all too often, the large, turnip-like roots are quickly dug up.       


    Genus SCLEROCACTUS
    (or ANCISTROCACTUS

  313. Sclerocactus brevihamatus tobuschii  ______  (US endangered; Texas endangered)
    Tobusch Fishhook Cactus

  314. Sclerocactus mariposensis  ______  (US threatened; Texas threatened)
    Lloyd's Mariposa Cactus

  315. Sclerocactus uncinatus  ______  CD
    Chihuahua Fish-hook Cactus 
    (or Cat Claw Cactus)

  316. Sclerocactus johnsonii  ______  MD
    Johnson Devil-Claw

  317. Sclerocactus whipplei  ______  PD
    Whipple Fishhook Cactus



    Genus STENOCEREUS


     
  318. Stenocereus eruca  ______  SD  (found only on sandy soils on the central Pacific coast of Baja California Sur, in Mexico) 
    Creeping Devil 
      
     
  319. Stenocereus gummosus  ______  SD
    S: Pitahaya Agria

  320. Stenocereus thuberi  ______  SD  
    Organ Pipe Cactus 
    S: Pitahaya Dulce
     


    Genus THELOCACTUS

  321. Thelocactus bicolor  ______  CD
    Straw Spine Cactus 
    (or "Glory of Texas")


    Family CAPPARACEAE  (Capers)


    Genus CLEOME

  322. Cleome lutea  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD  (occurs on desert plains)
    Yellow Bee Plant

  323. Cleonme serrulata  ______  GD  PD
    Rocky Mountain Bee Plant


    Genus CLEOMELLA

  324. Cleomella obtusifolia  ______    MD  SD
    Blunt-leaved Stinkweed

  325. Cleomella hillmanii  ______  GD
    Hillman Stinkweed 



    Genus ISOMERIS

  326. Isomeris arborea  ______ MD  SD  (in California)
    Bladderpod


    Genus POLANISIA

  327. Polanisia dodecandra  ______
    Clammyweed


    Genus WISLIZENIA

  328. Wislizenia refracta  ______
    Jackass Clover


    Family CARYOPHYLLACEAE  (Carnations)


    Genus ARENARIA

  329. Arenaria fendleri  ______
    Fendler's Sandwort


    Genus CERASTIUM

  330. Cerastium arvense  ______
    Meadow Chickweed


    Family CHENOPODIACEAE  (Goosefoots)

    CHENOPODIACEAE
    is now said to be a subfamily of AMARANTHACEAE (earlier in this list).


    Genus ATRIPLEX 

  331. Atriplex canescens  ______  SD
    Fourwing Saltbush  

    Atriplex canescens is a host plant for the butterfly: Brephidium exile, the Western Pygmy Blue. 

  332. Atriplex corrugata  ______
    Mat Saltbush

  333. Atriplex confertifolia  ______
    Shadscale

  334. Atriplex hymenelytra  ______
    Desert Holly

    Atriplex hymenelytra is a host plant for the butterfly: Brephidium exile, the Western Pygmy Blue.


    Genus GRAYIA

  335. Grayia spinosa  ______
    Hopsage 



    Family CISTACEAE  (Rockroses)  


    Genus HELIANTHEMUM

  336. Helianthemum scopium  ______  (occurs on dray sandy flats and on rocky slopes)
    Peak Rushrose


    Family CONVOLVULACEAE  (Morning Glories)  (W)


    Genus EVOLVULUS

  337. Evolvulus arizonicus  ______  (with beautiful sky-blue flowers)
    Arizona Blue-eyes  (or False Flax

  338. Evolvulus nuttallianus  ______  CD  PD

  339. Evolvulus sericeus  ______  CD
    Silky Evolvulus


    Genus IPOMOEA

  340. Ipomoea cristulata  ______  (on brushy hillsides & in canyons)
    Scarlet Creeper  (or Star Glory)

  341. Ipomoea hederacea  ______  (in the southwest US)
    Ivyleaf Morning Glory

  342. Ipomoea leptophylla  ______
    Bush Morning Glory 

  343. Ipomoea nil  ______  (in the southwest US)
    Morning Glory

  344. Ipomoea purpurea  ______
    Common Morning Glory 


    Family CRASSULACEAE  (Stonecrops)


    Genus DUDLEYA

  345. Dudleya saxosa  ______
    Rock Dudleya 



    Family CUCURBITACEAE  (Cucumbers)


    Genus APODANTHERA

  346. Apodanthera undulata  ______
    Melon Loco
    S: Melon Loco 
    (Plants with the word "loco" in their common names are usually poisonous to some degree; several contain behavior-altering toxins.) 
     


    Genus CUCURBITA   


  347. Cucurbita digitata  ______  SD
    Coyote Gourd   


  348. Cucurbita foetidissima  ______  SD  (in open areas of deserts)     
    Buffalo Gourd
    S: Calabacilla Loca

    The Buffalo Gourd fruit is easily dried and often brightly painted for decorative use. It is foul-tasting, inedible, and somewhat poisonous when mature.


    Genus IBERVILLEA

  349. Ibervillea tenuisecta  ______  (along shallow gullies & on rocky slopes in deserts)
    Globe Berry  (or Cut-leaved Globe Berry)     


    Genus TUMAMOC 

  350. Tumamoca macdougalii  ______  SD
    Tumamoc Globe Berry


    Family EPHEDRACEAE  (Ephedras)

    Various species have been used extensively as a medicinal tea, a tonic.


    Genus EPHEDRA 
     

  351. Ephedra fasciculata  ______  MD  SD
    Mojave Ephedra

  352. Ephedra nevadensis  ______  CD  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Nevada Tea 
    (or Nevada Ephedra)

  353. Ephedra torreyama ______  
    Mormon Tea

  354. Ephedra viridis  ______  GD  PD
    Green Ephedra


    Family EUPHORBIACEAE  (Spurges) 


    Genus BERNARDIA

  355. Bernardia myricifolia  ______
    Mouse-eye


    Genus CHAMAESYCE  

  356. Chamaesyce albomarginata  ______
    Rattlesnake Weed

    Rattlesnake Weed is one of the showiest of the low spurges. It was once thought useful for the treatment of snakebite, hence its common name.   
      

    Genus CROTON

  357. Croton californicus  ______
    Desert Croton

  358. Croton pottsii  ______  CD
    Leatherleaf


    Genus EUPHORBIA

  359. Euphorbia antisyphilitica  ______  CD
    Candelilia

  360. Euphorbia melanodenia  ______
    Black-gland Spurge

  361. Euphorbia polycarpa  ______
    Small-seeded Spurge



    Genus JATROPHA   


  362. Jatropha cardiophylla  ______  SD
    Limberbush 
    (or Dragon's Blood)  (both names also applied to several other species)

  363. Jatropha dioica  ______  CD
    Leather Stem
    S: Sangre de Grabo 


    Family FABACEAE  (Legumes. or Peas) 

    In the FABACEAE family, 3 genera of spiny desert shrubs (ACACIA, MIMOSA, and PROSOPSIS, the mesquites) resemble each other and can easily be confused.


    Genus ACACIA  (Acacias)  (T)

     
  364. Acacia angustissima  ______
    Fern Acacia

    Acacia angustissima
    is a host plant for the butterflies: Eurema mexianca, the Mexican Yellow, Hemiargus ceranus, the Ceraunus Blue, Hemiargus isola, the Reakirt's Blue, Hemiargus ceraunus, the Ceraunus Blue

  365. Acacia constricta ______  SD
    Whitethorn Acacia 
      

    Acacia constricta is a host plant for the butterflies: Eurema nice, the Mimosa Yellow, Hemiargus isola, the Reakirt's Blue.

  366. Acacia farnesiana  ______  CD  (native to high deserts in Arizona, Texas, and Mexico; introduced in California) 
    S: Huisache

  367. Acacia greggii   ______  CD  SD
    Catclaw Acacia   

    Acacia greggi 
    is a host plant for the butterfly: Leptotes marina, the Marine Blue.

  368. Acacia rigidula ______  CD
    Black Brush
    S: Chaparro Brieto


    Genus ASTRAGALUS

  369. Astragalus amphioxys  ______  (in sand or gravelly soil in deserts)
    Crescent Milkvetch

  370. Astragalus argillosus  ______
    Clay Locoweed

  371. Astragalus coccineus  ______
    Scarlet Milkvetch 
    (or Scarlet Locoweed (also called Crimson Wooly Pod)

    Red flowers, a rare color in the genus, makes Astragalus coccineus favorable to hummingbirds.

  372. Astragalus insularis  ______
    Sand-flat Locoweed

  373. Astragalus layneae  ______  MD
    Layne Locoweed

  374. Astragalus lentiginosus  ______  (in deserts & on salt flats; but also higher on open slopes in mountains)  
    Freckled Milkvetch

    The Freckled Milkvetch is the most widespread and variable species of Astragalus, with more than 20 recognized varieties. 

    Astragalus lentiginosus
    is a host plant for the butterfly: COLIAS ALEXANDRA, Queen Alexander's Sulphur.

  375. Astragalus mollissimus  ______
    Woolly Locoweed

  376. Astragalus praelongus  ______
    Stinky Milk Vetch

  377. Astragalus preussii  ______
    Desert Milk Vetch

  378. Astragalus purshii  ______
    Pursh Locoweed



    Genus CALLIANDRA

  379. Calliandra eriophylla  ______ SD
    Fairy Duster


    Genus CASSIA  (
    see SENNA) 


    Genus CERCIDIUM  (Palo Verdes)  (T)

  380. Cercidium floridum  (or Parkinsonia torreyana, Cercidium peninsulare) ______  SD       
    Blue Palo Verde  

    "Palo Verde"
    is Spanish for "green tree'. Even when leafless, CERCIDIUM species are conspicuously green in the brown desert, Photosynthesis occurs mostly in the bark rather than in the leaves, which conserve water through the reduction of surface area. 

  381. Cercidium microphyllum  (or Parkinsonia microphyllum)  ______  SD 
    Foothill Palo Verde 
    (or Little-leaved Palo Verde, Yellow Palo Verde  

  382. Cercidium texanum ______  CD
    Texas Palo Verde
    S: Retoma China


    Genus CERCIS

  383. Cercis occidentalis  (or Cercis canadensis orbiculata______
    Western Redbud

    Western Redbud
    is one of the handsomest shrubs in the foothills of the western US. It is commonly used as an ornamental, enjoyed for its masses of rose-pink flowers and its dense dark-green foliage that turns reddish in the fall. 
    Native Americans made baskets from the shredded bark, and extracts from the bark have been used medicinally.          


    Genus DALEA

  384. Dalea (formerly Petalostemon) candida  ______
    White Prairie Clover

  385. Dalea albiflora  ______
    White Dalea

    Dalea albiflora is a host plant for the butterfly: Colias cesonia, the Southern Dogface.

  386. Dalea flavescens  ______  PD
    Navajo Prairie Clover

  387. Dalea formosa  ______
    Feather Peabus
    (or Feather Plume

  388. Dalaea mollis  ______
    Silk Dalea

  389. Dalaea purpurea  ______  CD
    Purple Prairie Clover


    Genus ERYTHRINA

  390. Erythrina flabelliformis  ______
    Western Coral Bean 
    (or Indian Bean)
    S: Chilicote

    Erythrina flabelliformis
    is leafless and rather unattractive throughout the winter and into the early spring. It usually flowers on bare stems in early spring, and the leaves emerge in late spring.
    The bright seeds, often used in Mexican necklaces, are deadly poisonous.


    Genus HOFFMANSEGGIA

  391. Hoffmanseggia glauca  ______
    Hog Potato 
    (or Pig Nut)
    S: Camote de Raton  (means: "mouse's sweet potato")

  392. Hoffmanseggia repens  ______
    Creeping Rush-Pea


    Genus LOTUS

  393. Lotus rigidux  ______
    Bush Trefoil



    Genus LUPINUS  (Bluebonnets)

  394. Lupinus argenteus  ______
    Silvery Lupine

    Lupinus argenteus
    is a host plant for the butterflies: STRYMON MELINUS, Gray Hairstreak, LYCAEIDES MELISSA, Melissa Blue, GLAUCOPSYCHE LYGDAMUS, Silvery Blue, VANESSA CARDUI, Painted Lady.  

  395. Lupinus arizonicus  ______
    Arizona Lupine

  396. Lupinus bicolor  ______
    Miniature Lupine

    Lupinus bicolor
    is a host plant for the butterflies: COLIAS EURYTHEME, Orange Sulphur, EVERES COMYNTAS, Eastern Tailed-Blue. 

  397. Lupinus brevicaulis  ______
    Short-stem Lupine 

  398. Lupinus havardii  ______  CD  (occurs only in the Big Bend region of west Texas)
    Chisos Bluebonnet 

  399. Lupinus hirsutissimus  ______  SD 
    Stinging Lupine

    In a genus of lovely wildflowers, the Stinging Lupine is an unpleasant exception. Its stiff yellow hairs sting like nettles.

  400. Lupinus pusillus  ______
    Dwarf Lupine 

  401. Lupinus sparsiflorus  ______  SD
    Mojave Lupine 
    (or Coulter's Lupine)

    In a year with ample fall and winter rains, Coulter's Lupine carpets the floor of the southern Arizona desert, combining with Desert Marigold (Baileya multiradiata) for mile after mile of blue-violet, brick red, and brilliant yellow.    


    Genus MIMOSA

  402. Mimosa biuncifera  (ph)   ______  CD  SD
    Cat's-Claw Mimosa



    Cats-claw Mimosa photographed during the FONT tour in Sonora in August 2010 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  403. Mimosa dysocarpa  ______
    Velvet-pod Mimosa



    Genus OLNEYA
      
  404. Olneya tesota  _______  SD
    Ironwood 
    (or Desert Ironweed


    Genus PARKINSONIA   
     

  405. Parkinsonia aculeata  ______  SD
    Mexican Palo Verde 
    (or Jerusalem Thorn, Retama


    Genus PROSOPIS  (Mesquites)  (T)


    Plants of the PROSOPIS genus are host plants for the butterflies: LEPTOTES MARINA, Marine Blue. APODEMIA PALMERI, Palmer's Metalmark. 
     
  406. Prosopis glandulosa  (or Prosopis juliflora torreyana)  ______ CD,SD 
    Honey Mesquite    


    Prosopis glandulosa is a host plant for the butterfly: HEMIARGUS CERAUNUS, Ceraunus Blue.

  407. Prosopis pubescens ______ CD
    Screwbean
    S: Tornillo

    Prosopis pubescens
    is a host plant for the butterfly: HEMIARGUS CERAUNUS, Ceraunus Blue.

  408. Prosopis velutina  (or Prosopis juliflora velutina ______  SD
    Velvet Mesquite


    Prosopis velutina
    is a host plant for the butterfly: MINISTRYMON LEDA, Leda Ministreak.
     

    Genus PSOROTHAMNUS

  409. Psorothamnus arborescens  ______
    Mohave Indigobush

  410. Psorothamnus emoryi  ______
    White Indigobush

  411. Psorothamnus fremontii  ______
    Fremont Indigobush

  412. Psorothamnus polydenius  ______
    Nevada Indigobush

  413. Psorothamnus schottii  ______
    Mesa Indigobush

  414. Psorothamnus scoparius  ______
    Broom Indigobush

    Psorothamnus scoparius
    is a host plant for the butterrfy: HEMIARGUS ISOLA, Reakirt's Blue. 

  415. Psorothamnus spinosus  ______
    Smoke Tree

    From a distance, a Smoke Tree looks gray and fluffy, like a puff of smoke.


    Genus SENNA 
    (or CASSIA)

  416. Senna armata  ______
    Spiny Senna

  417. Senna bauhinioides  ______
    Two-leaved Senna 
    (or "Twinleaf")

  418. Senna covesii  ______  SD
    Desert Senna 
    (also called Coue's Senna)

    Senna covesii
    is a host plant for the butterflies: PHOEBIS SENNAE, Cloudless Sulphur, EUREMA NICIPPE, Sleepy Orange.
     
  419. Senna durangensis  ______
    Two-leaved Senna

  420. Senna lindheimeriana  ______
    Chihuahua Senna

    Senna lindheimeriana is a host plant for the butterflies: PHOEBIS SENNAE, Cloudless Sulphur, EUREMA NICIPPE, Sleepy Orange.
      
  421. Senna roemeriana  ______
    Texas Senna


    Family FONQUIERIACEAE  (Ocotillos)  (S)


    Genus FOUQUIERIA 
     

  422. Fouquieria columnaris  (or Idria columnaris)  ______  SD   
    Boojum 

    Fouquieria columnaris
    grows up to 60 feet tall. It is endemic to central Baja California. Mexico.

  423. Fouquieria splendens  (ph) (*)  ______  CD  SD      
    Ocotillo (or Coachwhip because it looks like many buggywhips stuck into the ground)

    Fouquieria splendens
    is the most widespread species in its family.



    A "forest" of Ocotillo, photographed during a FONT tour in the Sonoran Desert 
    (photo by Doris Potter)

    When Ocotillos are in full bloom, they have brilliant red flowers on the top of each stalk. 


    Family GENTIANACEAE  (Gentians)


    Genus CENTAURIUM

  424. Centaurium calycosum  ______
    Centaury
    S: Rosita

    The brilliant pink corolla of Centaurium calycosum resembles that in the PHLOX species.


    Family GERANIACEAE


    Genus ERODIUM

  425. Erodium cicutarium  ______
    Filaree

  426. Erodium texanum  ______
    Texas Storksbill


    Family HYDROPHYLLACEAE  (Waterleaves)


    Genus EMMENANTHE

  427. Emmenanthe penduliflora  ______  MD  SD  (in foothills)
    Whispering Bells

    The dried-up corolla of Emmenanthe penduliflora remains on the plant as a tissue-paper-like bell that rustles in gentle breezes.


    Genus HESPEROCHIRON

  428. Hesperochiron pumilus  ______
    Dwarf Hesperochiron


    Genus NAMA

  429. Nama arctioides  ______
    Great Basin Nama

  430. Nama demissum  ______
    Desert Mat 
    (or Purple Mat)

  431. Nama havardii  ______
    Havard Nama


    Genus  NEMOPHILA

  432. Nemophila menziesii  ______
    Baby Blue-eyes


    Genus PHACELIA 
    (a large, mostly western American, genus distinguished by bluish or purplish flowers in coils, usually with protruding stamens)   

  433. Phacelia calthifolia  ______
    Caltha-leaved Phacelia

  434. Phacelia campanularia  ______
    Bluebell Phacelia 
    (or Desert Bell)

    In a spring following a wet winter, thousands of Desert Bells bloom, forming masses of deep rich blue.

  435. Phacelia crenulata  ______    
    Notch-leaved Phacelia 

  436. Phacelia distans  ______
    Lace-leaved Phacelia 
    (or Common Phacelia, or Wild Heliotrope)

  437. Phacelia fremontii  ______
    Fremont's Phacelia 

  438. Phacelia integrifolia  ______  (rocky & sandy places in deserts and among pinyons & junipers) 
    Scalloped Phacelia

  439. Phacelia minor  ______  (occurs in southern California & northern Baja California)
    (occurs in southern California & northern Baja California)
    California Bell

  440. Phacelia robusta  ______
    Robust Phacelia

  441. Phacelia rotundifolia  ______
    Round-leaved Phacelia

  442. Phacelia tanacetifolia  ______
    Tansy-leaved Phacelia  


    Family KRAMERACEAE  (Ratanies) 


    Genus KRAMERIA  

  443. Krameria grayi  ______  CD  MD  SD
    White Ratany

  444. Krameria erecta  ______   SD 
    Pima Ratany  (or Purple Heather)


    Family LAMIACEAE  (Mints)


    Genus HYPTIS 

  445. Hyptis emoryi  ______
    Desert Lavender



    Genus MONARDELLA

  446. Monardella macrantha  ______  (in southern California & Baja California)
    Red Monardella


    Genus POLIOMINTHA

  447. Poliomintha incana  ______  CD  MD  PD  
    Bush Mint

    Poliomintha incana
    is common in the Painted Desert. There are isolated populations in the Chihuahua and Mohave Deserts.  


    Genus SALAZARIA

  448. Salazaria mexicana  ______  GD  (in deserts, commonly in washes)
    Bladder Sage


    Genus SALVIA

  449. Salvia carduacea  ______  SD  (in southern California & Baja California)
    Thistle Sage

  450. Salvia columbariae  ______
    Chia 
    (a common name for several SALVIA species)

    From Chia, Native Americans made pinole, a meal ground from parched seeds. The seeds were also steeped in water to produce a thick sticky drink.

  451. Salvia dorrii  ______  GD
    Purple Sage 
    (or Gray-ball Sage. or Desert Sage)

    It is Gray-ball, or Desert, Sage, not sagebrush, that is referred to in Zane Grey's classic western "Riders of the Purple Sage". It is a handsome plant, attractive in leaf as well as in flower.

  452. Salvia funerea  ______  SD  (in hills & mountains around Death Valley, California & in adjacent Nevada)
    Death Valley Sage

  453. Salvia greggi  ______  CD  
    Autumn Sage

    The bright, vibrant, nearly red flowers of the Autumn Sage make it a favorite in the Big Bend region in western Texas. 
    The species is also popular in the Southwest US in cultivation, as its nectar-laden flowers attract hummingbirds into yards to feed.  


  454. Salvia henryi  ______
    Crimson Sage 

  455. Salvia lemmonii  ______
    Lemmon's Sage


    Genus STACHYS

  456. Stachys coccinea  ______
    Texas Betony 
    (or Scarlet Hedge Nettle


    Family LILIACEAE  (Lilies)   (Agaves, Nolinas, and Yuccas have been included in this family.) and Yuccas have been included in this family.) and Yuccas have been included in this family.)


    Genus ALLIUM

  457. Allium macropetalum  ______
    Desert Wild Onion


    Genus
    ANDROSTEPHIUM

  458. Androstephium breviflorum  ______
    Small-flowered Hyacinth 



    Genus CALOCHORTUS 

  459. Calochortus kennedyi  ______  SD  
    Desert Mariposa Lily

    Calochortus kennedyi
    occurs in open or brushy areas from Creosote Bush deserts to places with pinyons and junipers.


    Genus DICHELOSTEMMA
    (or BRODIAEA) 

  460. Dichelostemma capitatum  ______
    Desert Hyacinth

  461. Dichelostemma pauciflorum  ______ 
    Few-flowered Hyacinth


    Genus EREMOCRINUM

  462. Eremocrinum albomarginatum  ______   
    Sand Lily 
    (or Lonely Lily)

    Eremocrinum albomarginatum
    is found in sandy soil. This plant occurs in some of the most sparsely populated parts of North America.


    Genus HESPEROCALLIS  (this genus name means "western beauty")   
     
  463. Hesperocallis undulata  ______  SD
    Desert Lily 
    (or Ajo Lily)

    The Desert Lily resembles a small commercial Easter Lily, and grows in harsh arid environments in the Southwest US. 
    These plants are conspicuous and easily seen as one drives along roads in the desert. the bulbs were once used by native Americans for food.
    The Desert Lily is the only member in its genus.



    Family LINACEAE  (Flaxes)


    Genus LINUM

  464. Linum aristatum  ______
    Broom Flax

  465. Linum perenne  ______
    Blue Flax

  466. Linum puberulum  ______
    Orange Flax

  467. Linum vernale  ______  CD  (in rocky, limestone soil in deserts)
    Chihuahua Flax  

    The Chihuahua Flax is a common species in parts of the Chihuahuan Desert. Only the very bases of the petals are joined, and when the corolla falls from the flower, breezes blow it across the ground like a fragile saucer.
    This species is one of a number of western yellow-flowered species, most slender and wiry, and many without maroon centers in the flowers.



    Family LOASACEAE  (Stickleaves)


    Genus CEVALLIA

  468. Cevallia sinuata  ______  
    Cevallia


    Genus EUCNIDE

  469. Eucnide urens  ______  MD
    Desert Rock Nettle


    Genus MENTZELIA

  470. Mentzelia albicaulis  ______
    White-stemmed Blazing Star

  471. Mentzelia desertorum  ______
    Desert Blazing Star

  472. Mentzelia involucrata  ______
    Sand Blazing Star 
    (has also been called White-bracted Stickleaf

  473. Mentzelia nitens   ______  (sometimes included in Mentzelia albicaulis)
    Venus Blazing Star

  474. Mentzelia tricuspis  ______
    Spiny-haired Blazing Star 

  475. Mentzelia veatchiana  ______
    Small-flowered Blazing Star


    Genus PETALONYX

  476. Petalonyx thurberi  ______
    Sandpaper Plant


    Family KOEBERLINIACEAE


    Genus KOEBERLINIA

  477. Koeberlinia spinosa  ______  CD  SD
    Allthorn


    Family MALVACEAE  (Mallows)  (W)


    Genus ERIMALCHE

  478. Erimalche rotundifolium  ______  MD  SD  ("Erimalche" means "lonely mallow", referring to the desert habitat)
    Desert Five Spot
     

    Genus HIBISCUS  (Rose Mallows)  

     
  479. Hibiscus coulteri  ______  SD
    Desert Rose Mallow

  480. Hibiscus denudatus  ______  SD
    Rock Rose Mallow 
    (or Rock Hibiscus, Pale Face

  481. Hibiscus trionum  ______  (a non-native, from central Africa)
    Flower-of-an-hour    


    Genus SPHAERALCEA  
    Approximately 60 species of SPHAERALCEA globemallows are common on ranges in the western US. As a genus, they are easy to identify with their five commonly bright orange-red petals. But identification of particular species can be another matter. 
     
  482. Sphaeralcea ambigua  ______  SD 
    Apricot Globemallow 
    (or Desert Globemallow)

    Sphaeralcea ambigua is a host plant for the butterfly: VANESSA CARDUI, Painted Lady. 

  483. Sphaeralcea coccinea  (ph)  ______  GD
    Caliche Globemallow 
    (or Scarlet Globemallow)



    Caliche Globemallow (or Scarlet Globemallow)
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  484. Sphaeraicea leptophylla  ______
    Scaly Globemallow

  485. Sphaeraicea polychroma  ______
    Polychrome Globemallow

  486. Sphaeraicea coulteri  ______  (on sandy desert flats)
    Coulter's Globemallow


    Family MARTYNIACEAE  (Unicorn Plants)


    Genus PROBOSCIDEA 
    (There are several species in the Southwest US, some with pink or magenta colored flowers) 

  487. Proboscidea althaeifolia  (or altheaiefolia  ______  CD  SD
    Desert Unicorn Plant 
    (also called "Devil's Claw" and "Elephant Tusks")  

    As the plump fruit matures, it divides into halves, and its outer, fleshy layer peels off, revealing the hard inner portion of the fruit, the single horn of which splits into two "devil's claws". 

  488. Proboscidea louisianica  ______  (NOT common west of Texas)
    Common Unicorn Plant

  489. Proboscidea parviflora  ______  SD
    Devil's Claw 
    (or Unicorn Plant)


    Family NYCTAGINACEAE  (Four O'Clocks)  (W)


    Genus ABRONIA


  490. Abronia carnea  ______
    Winged Sand Verbena

  491. Abronia elliptica  ______
    Snowball 
    (or Sweet Sand Verbena)

  492. Abronia villosa  ______
    Sticky Sand Verbena 
    (or Desert Sand Verbena

  493. Abronia fragrans  ______
    Fragrant Sand Verbena 
    (or "Heart's Delight")


    Genus ACLEISANTHES

  494. Acleisanthes longiflora  ______  (in dry rocky soil, sand, deserts)
    Angel Trumpets


    Genus ALLIONIA

  495. Allionia incarnata  ______  CD
    Trailing Four O'Clock 
    (or Trailing Windmills, Trailing Allionia, Umbrella-wort)


    Genus ANULOCAULIS

  496. Anulocaulis leiosolenus  ______
    Southwestern Ringstem


    Genus MIRIBILIS

  497. Miribilis bigelovii  ______
    Wishbone Four O'Clock

  498. Miribilis coccinea  ______
    Red Four O'Clock

  499. Miribilis froebelii  ______  (in desert scrub, dry grasslands, & pinyon woods)
    Desert Four O'Clock

  500. Miribilis longiflora  ______
    Sweet Four O'Clock
    S: Maravilla  (
    meaning "marvelous", which the flowers certainly are)

  501. Miribilis melanotricha  ______
    Mountain Four O'Clock

  502. Miribilis mulitflora  ______
    Large Four O'Clock 
    (or Desert Four O'Clock, Colorado Four O'Clock)
    S: Maravilla  (meaning "marvelous" as also noted above for Miribilis longiflora)


    Genus NYCTAGINIA

  503. Nyctaginia capitata  ______
    Scarlet Muskflower 


    Family OLEACEAE  (Olives)


    Genus MENODORA


  504. Menodora scabra  ______  CD  MD  SD
    Broom Menodora 
    (or Rough Menodora

    \
  505. Mendora spinescens  ______
    Ground-Thorn


    Family ONAGRACEAE  (Evening Primroses)


    Genus CALYLOPHUS  

  506. Calylophus hartwegii  ______  CD
    Calylophus


    Genus CAMISSONIA

  507. Camissonia brevipes  ______
    Desert Primrose 
    (or Suncup)

  508. Camissonia boothii  ______
    Booth Evening Primrose

  509. Camissonia claviformis  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD
    Club-fruited Evening Primrose

  510. Camissionia eastwoodiae  ______  PD  (often grows with Mat Saltbush)
    Painted Desert Evening Primrose

  511. Camissionia graciliflora  ______  GD  MD  (on upper slopes of hills)
    Hill Suncap

  512. Camissionia refracta  ______  MD  (mostly in the northern part of the Mohave Desert)
    Narrow-leaved Evening Primrose

  513. Camissionia strigulosa (dentata)  ______  MD  SD
    Tooth-leaved Evening Primrose   


    Genus EPILOBIUM

  514. Epilobium (formerly Zauschneria) canum  ______
    E: California Fuschsia  (or Hummingbird's Trumpet, California Fire Chalice)


    Genus GAURA

  515. Gaura coccinea  ______
    Scarlet Gaura

  516. Gaura lindheimeri  ______  CD
    Prairie Gaura


    Genus OENOTHERA   Recent studies have shown that many of the species in the once-larger OENOTHERA genus are better placed in smaller closely-related genera. Thus, some are now in CAMISSONIA. Those plants with four style branches forming a cross remain in OENOTHERA.)

    Flowers of most OENOTHERA species are fragrant and open in the late afternoon, remaining open through the night. Nocturnal HAWKMOTHS are attracted by the sweet fragrance and hover over the flowers while probing for the abundant nectar concealed at the base of the long floral tube. Only the HAWKMOTH with its long proboscis can reach the nectar.         

  517. Oenothera albicaulis  ______  CD  PD
    White-stemmed Evening Primrose 

  518. Oenothera caespitosa  ______
    Fragrant Evening Primrose

  519. Oenothera californica  ______  MD(mostly)  SD
    California Evening Primrose 

  520. Oenothera deltoides  ______  MD  SD  (in sandy deserts)
    Dune Evening Primrose  (or Basket Evening Primrose, Birdcage Evening Primrose, Devil's Lantern, "Lion-in-a-Cage")

  521. Oenothera pallida  ______  GD
    Pale Evening Primrose 

  522. Oenothera primiveris  ______
    Early Evening Primrose


    Family OROBANCHACEAE  (Broomrapes)


    Genus OROBANCHE


  523. Orobanche cooperi  ______
    Cooper's Spike Broomrape


    Family PAPAVERACEAE  (Poppies)  (W)


    Genus ARCTOMECON 

  524. Arctomecon merriamii  ______  (with 6 white petals; many yellow stamens)
    Great Desert Poppy 
    (or Great Bear Poppy, White Bear Poppy)

  525. Arctomecon humilis  ______  (in southwest Utah & northwest Arizona)  (with 4 white petals)
    Little Desert Poppy

  526. Arctomecon californica  ______  (in south Nevada & northwest Arizona)  (with 6 yellow petals)
    Yellow Desert Poppy


    Genus ARGEMONE    

  527. Argemone albiflora  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD
    White Prickly Poppy 
    S: Chiclote



    White Prickly Poppy photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona in August 2010
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  528. Argemone polyanthemos  ______  
    Prickly Poppy

  529. Argemone sanguinea  ______  (blooms Feb-Apr)
    Red Prickly Poppy

  530. Argemone squarrosa  ______  CD
    Rough Prickly Poppy


    Genus ESCHSCHOLZIA

  531. Eschscholzia californica  ______  
    California Gold Poppy

    Eschscholzia californica mexicana  ______
    Mexican Gold Poppy
    S: Amapola del Campo  (
    means "poppy of the countryside")

    Generally said to be a subspecies of the California Gold Poppy, the Mexican Gold Poppy is sometimes considered a desert-inhabiting species. The two are exceedingly similar.
    When there are ample winter rains in the desert, the Mexican Gold Poppy grows in profusion, covering gravelly outwash fans and arid flats with a golden carpet.



    Mexican Gold Poppy, photographed during the August 2010 FONT tour
    in southern Arizona
    (photo by Risė Hill)


  532. Eschscholzia parishii  ______
    Parish Poppy


    Genus PLATYSTEMON  (only 1 species) 

  533. Platystemon californicus  ______  GD  MD  SD  (in fine, gravelly soils of desert mountains) 
    Cream Cup


    Family PASSIFLORACEAE


    Genus PASSIFLORA


    Some members of the PASSIFLORA genus are host plants for the butterfly: AGRAULIS VANILLAE, Gulf Fritillary.

  534. Passiflora tenuiloba  ______   
    Green Passionflower

    The Green Passionflower is a vine that climbs over shrubs and grasses on hillsides. Its stems reach 7 feet in length.    


    Family PEDALIACEAE  (Sesames)


    Family PLANTAGINACEAE  (Plantains)


    Genus PLANTAGO 

  535. Plantago patagonica (purshii)  ______
    Pursh Plantain


    Family POLEMONIACEAE  (Phloxes)


    Genus ERIASTRUM

  536. Eriastrum diffusum  ______
    Diffuse Eriastrum

  537. Eriastrum eremicum  ______
    Desert Eriastrum

  538. Eriastrum pluriflorum  ______
    Many-flowered Eriastrum


    Genus GILIA

  539. Gilia brecciarum  ______
    Great Basin Gilia

  540. Gilia cana  ______
    Mohave Gilia

  541. Gilia gunnisonii  ______
    Gunnison Gilia

  542. Gilia latiflora  ______
    Broad-flowered Gilia

  543. Gilia latifolia  ______
    Broad-leaved Gilia

  544. Gilia scopulorum  ______
    Rock Gilia

  545. Gilia subnuda  ______
    Carmine Gilia 


    Genus IPOMOPSIS (or GILIA)

  546. Ipomopsis longiflora  (ph)  ______  GD   (flowers from March to October)
    Pale Trumpets  (or Long-flowered Gilia)



    Pale Trumpets
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    Genus LANGLOISIA

  547. Langloisia punctata  ______  MD
    Lilac Sunbonnet

  548. Langloisia setoissima punctata  ______
    Spotted Langloisia 
    (or Lilac Sunbonnet, or Bristly Gilia)


    Genus LEPTODACTYLON 

  549. Leptodactylon californicum  ______  (in southern California)
    Prickly Phlox


    Genus LINANTHUS

  550. Linanthus aurens  ______  CD  GD  MD  SD    (on desert floors & sandy slopes)
    Desert Gold 
    (or Golden Gilia

  551. Linanthus demissus  ______
    Humble Gilia


    Genus LOESELIASTRUM (or LANGLOISIA)

  552. Loeseliastrum matthewsii  ______  MD  SD
    Desert Calico

  553. Loeseliastrum schottii  ______
    Schott's Gilia


    Genus PHLOX

  554. Phlox longifolia  ______
    Long-leaved Phlox

  555. Phlox nana  ______
    Dwarf Phlox

  556. Phlox tennifolia  ______
    Slender-leaved Phlox


    Family POLYGALACEAE  (Milkworts)


    Genus POLYGALA


  557. Polygala alba  ______
    White Milkwort 

  558. Polygala macradenia  ______  CD  (on rocky slopes)  
    Gland-spotted Milkwort

  559. Polygala subspinosa  ______  GD  PD
    Spiny Milkwort 


    Family POLYGONACEAE  (Buckwheats)


    Genus CHORIZANTHE  ("Spine-Flowers")

  560. Chorizanthe brevicornu  ______
    Brittle Spineflower


    Genus ERIOGONUM

  561. Eriogonum annum  ______  CD  
    Annual Buckwheat

    Eriogonum annum
    is the showiest of the Eriogonum species. In the Chihuahuan Desert, it replaces the Desert Trumpet. 

  562. Eriogonum bicolor  ______  PD
    Bicolored Buckwheat

  563. Eriogonum deflexum  ______  SD
    Flat-topped Buckwheat  

  564. Eriogonum fasciculatum  ______  SD
    Mohave Buckwheat 
    (also called California Buckwheat or Flat-top Buckwheat)

    Eriogonum fasciculatum is a host plant for the butterflies: EUPHILOTES BATTOIDES CENTRALIS, Square-spotted Blue, LYCAENA HETERONEA, Blue Copper, APODEMIA MORMO MEJICANA, Mormon Metalmark. 

  565. Eriogonum inflatum  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD  (the best known of the Eriogonum species)
    E: Desert Trumpet 
    (other names are: Bladder Stem, Indianpipe Weed, Skeleton Weed)

    Eriogonum inflatum
    is a host plant for the butterfly: APODEMIA MORMO MEJICANA, Mormon Metalmark.   


  566. Eriogonum ovalifolium  ______  GD
    E: Cushion Buckwheat 


    Genus RUMEX

  567. Rumex hymenosepalus  ______ CD  GD  MD  PD  SD  (most abundant in the Painted Desert)
    Canaigre 
    (or "Wild Rhubarb")

    Rumex hymenosepalus is a host plant for the butterflies: LYCAENA RUBIDUS, Ruddy Copper, LYCAENA HELLOIDES, PURPLISH COPPER. 


    Family PORTULACACEAE  (Purslanes)


    Genus PORTULACA  

  568. Portulaca mundula  ______  CD  (very similar to the Western Sea Purslane, Sesuvium verrucosum, in the Purslane Family, PORTULACACEAE)
    E: Chisme


    Genus TALINUM

  569. Talinum aurantiacum  ______  
    E: Flame Flower

  570. Talinum brevifolium  ______  
    E: Pygmy Talinum   


    Family RANUNCULACEAE  (Buttercups)


    Genus ANEMONE 

  571. Anemone tuberosa  ______
    E: Desert Anemone


    Genus AQUILEGIA

  572. Aquilegia chrysantha  ______
    E: Golden Columbine


    Genus CLEMATIS

  573. Clematis hirsutissima  ______
    E: Vase Flower, Sugar Bowls, Leather Flower 

  574. Clematis ligusticifolia  ______
    E: White Virgin's Bower, Pipestems, Traveler's Joy


    Genus DELPHINIUM

  575. Delphinium a. andersonii  ______  GD
    Delphinium abdersonii scaposum  ______  MD  PD  SD
    E: Anderson Larkspur

  576. Delphinium parishii  ______
    E: Desert Larkspur


    Family RHAMNACEAE  (Buckthorns)


    Genus CEANOTHUS

  577. Ceanothus greggi  ______  PD
    E: Desert Mountain Lilac 

    Ceanothus greggi
    is a host plant for the butterfly: SATYRIUM SAEPIUM, Hedgerow Hairstreak.

  578. Ceanothus intergerrimus  ______  (on dry slopes in chaparral and open forests)
    E: Deer Brush 

    Ceanothus intergerrimus is a host plant for the butterflies: CELASTRINA LADON, Spring Azure, NYMPHALIS CALIFORNICA, California Tortoiseshell.  

    Genus CONDALIA

  579. Condalia warnockii  ______  CD  SD
    E: Mexican Crucillo
    S: Abrojo


    Genus ZIZIPHUS  (closely related to CONDALIA)

  580. Ziziphus obtusifolia  ______  CD  MD  SD
    E: Graythorn


    Family ROSACEAE  (Roses)


    Genus CERCOCARPUS

  581. Cercocarpus intricatus  ______
    E: Dwarf Mountain Mahogony


    Genus COLEOGYNE

  582. Coleogyne ramosissima  ______  PD
    E: Blackbrush


    Genus FALLUGIA 

  583. Fallugia paradoxa  ______
    E: Apache Plume


    Genus PURSHIA  (or Cowania)

  584. Purshia mexicana  ______
    E: Cliff Rose 


    Family RUBIACEAE  (Madders)


    Genus BOUVARDIA 

  585. Bouvardia ternifolia  ______
    E: Scarlet Trumpet


    Genus HEDYOTIS (or HOUSTONIA)

  586. Hedyotis acerosa  ______
    E: Needle-leaf Hedyotis


    Family RUTACEAE  (Citrus)


    Genus THAMNOSMA

  587. Thamnosma montana  ______
    E: Turpentine Broom


    Family SAURURACEAE  (Lizard Tails)


    Genus ANEMOPSIS

  588. Anemopsis californica  ______  (in low, moist, saline, or alkaline places)
    E: Yerba Mansa  (taken from the Spanish name)
    S: Yerba Mansa

    The aromatic Yerba Mansa root has been put to many medicinal uses: treatment of abrasions, cut, and burns; a cure for a variety of gastrointestinal upsets; a poultice for rheumatism; and a tonic for blood purification. 


    Family SAPINDACEAE  (Soapberries)  


    Genus DODONAEA

  589. Dodonaea viscosa angustifolia (or Dodonaea angustifolia)  ______  SD
    E: Hopbush


    Genus SAPINDUS  (T)

  590. Sapindus drummondii  ______  CD  (in canyons, along streambanks, & on dry limestone outcrops)
    E: Western Soapberry   


    Family SCROPHULARIACEAE  (Snapdragons, or Figworts)


    Genus ANTIRRHINUM 


  591. Antirrhinum coulterianum  ______  (found on brushy flats and on slopes with loose soil)
    E: White Snapdragon

  592. Antirrhinum filipes  ______ (in sandy deserts)
    E: Yellow Twining Snapdragon


    Genus CASTILLEJA  (Paintbrushes)

    Most Paintbrushes are partial parasites on other plants, their roots connecting with roots of other species. For this reason, they usually cannot be transplanted and are difficult to grow from seeds.
    Most Paintbrushes are bright red, but a few are yellow.  

  593. Castilleja angustifolia (by some combined with Castilleja chromosa)    ______  GD  (in dry, open soil, often in sagebrush)
    E: Narrow-leaf Paintbrush  

  594. Castilleja chromosa  ______  GD  MD  PD  SD
    E: Desert Paintbrush

    Castilleja chromosa
    is a host plant for the butterfly: EUPHYDRYAS CHALCEDRONA, Variable Checkerspot.  

  595. Castilleja exserta  (or Orthocarpus purpurascens)  ______  SD  (in fields, deserts, and open, wooded areas) 
    E: Purple Owl's Clover  (or Common Owl's Clover)
    S: Escobita  (means "little broom", describing the flower cluster)

  596. Castilleja lanata  ______
    E: White-felted Paintbrush  (or Indian Paintbrush)

    Castilleja lanata
    is a host plant for the butterflies: EUPHYDRYAS CHALCEDRONA, Variable Checkerspot, THESSALIA, Theona Checkerspot, THESSALIA FULVIA, Fulvia Checkerspot, THESSALIA LEANIRA, Leanira Checkerspot. 

  597. Castilleja sessiliflora  ______
    E: Great Plains Paintbrush


    Genus COLLINSIA  (There are about 20 species in this genus.)


  598. Collinsia heterophylla  ______  (occurs in sandy soil on shaded flats or slopes)
    E: Purple Chinese Houses, Innocence

    Few of California's spectacular wildflowers are as charming as the Purple Chinese Houses. The flowers grow in perfect rings around the stem, together forming a fairy-tale pagoda, the "Chinese Houses".   


    Genus CORDYLANTHUS

  599. Cordylanthus wrightii  ______  PD
    E: Wright Bird's -beak


    Genus KECKIELLA

  600. Keckiella antirrhinoides  ______  SD
    E: Bush Beardtongue 
    (has been called Bush Penstemon)

    Keckiella antirrhinoides is a host plant for the butterfly: EUPHYDRYAS CHALCEDONA, Variable Checkerspot. 


    Genus LEUCOPHYLLUM

  601. Leucophyllum frutescens  ______  (in rocky, limestone plains, brushlands, and deserts)
    E: Texas Silver Leaf, Purple Sage
    S: Cenizo

    As one travels across Texas near the Mexican border, the olive-green of the Creosote Bush gives way to the gray of the Texas Silver Leaf, with its display of bright pink-lavender flowers. They burst into bloom for only a few days at a time, in the summer and fall, depending on rainfall.  

  602. Leucophyllum unius  ______  CD
    E: Big Bend Silver Leaf 


    Genus MAURANDYA  (a member of this genus, the Little Snapdragon Vine, that occurs in or near desert areas is in the list that follows of Trees, Shrubs, & Plants at Higher Places, "Islands in the Sky")


  603. Maurandya antirrhiniflora  ______
    E: Violet Snapdragon-vine

  604. Maurandya wislizenii  ______  CD  (ranging west into Arizona)  (among shrubs & on dunes)
    E: Dune Snapdragon Vine  (or Net-cup Snapdragon Vine)


    Genus MIMULUS

  605. Mimulus bigelovii  ______
    E: Bigelow Monkey Flower

  606. Mimulus parryi  ______
    E: Parry Monkey Flower



    Genus MOHAVEA

  607. Mohavea breviflora  ______  MD
    E: Short-flowered Mohavea

  608. Mohavea confertiflora  ______  MD  (in desert washes & on rocky slopes)
    E: Ghost Flower, Mohave Flower 


    Genus NUTTALLANTHUS

  609. Nuttallanthus canadensis  ______
    E: Blue Toadflax, Old-field Toadflax 

  610. Nuttallanthus texanus  ______
    E: Texas Toadflax  

    The Texas Toadflax is similar to the Blue Toadflax, but it is less common in the Southwest US. 
    Its flowers and seeds are larger.  


    Genus PENSTEMON

  611. Penstemon accuminatus  ______
    E: Sand-dune Penstemon

  612. Penstemon clevelandii  ______
    E: Cleveland Penstemon

  613. Penstemon confusus  ______
    E: Mistaken Penstemon

  614. Penstemon eatonii  ______
    E: Firecracker Penstemon

  615. Penstemon palmeri  ______
    E: Scented Penstemon

  616. Penstemon parryi  ______   SD  (found on grassy pr brushy slopes and flats)
    E: Parry Penstemon  

    The Parry Penstemon, a handsome species, is commonly included in highway seeding mixes. And so, its range has expanded. Along highways, it's possible to see spectacular splashes of color from this species, against grasses still brown from winter.  

  617. Penstemon pseudospectabilis  ______
    E: High-Desert Penstemon

  618. Penstemon speciisus  ______
    E: Showy Penstemon

  619. Penstemon utahensis  ______
    E: Utah Penstemon 


    Family SIMMONDSIACEAE  (Jojobas)


    Genus SIMMONDSIA

  620. Simmondsia chinensis  ______  SD
    E: Jojoba
    S: Jojoba  


    Family SOLANACEAE  (Nightshades)


    Genus CHAMAESARACHA

  621. Chamaesarachia coronopus  ______
    E: False Nightshade

  622. Chamaesaracha sordida  ______  (This & other species in the genus are common but not conspicuous. The corollas are dull, and the foliage often has an earthen hue.)   
    E: Dingy Chamaesaracha


    Genus DATURA  (Thornapples)  (W)

  623. Datura wrightii  (or Datura meteloides) (ph)  ______  GD,SD  (unusual in the genus in that it is a perennial)
    E: Downy Thornapple 



    Two photographs of the Downy Thornapple. Below, in bloom.
    (both photos by Doris Potter)



  624. Datura innoxia  ______  
    E: Thornapple     

    Some botanists consider Datura innoxia as part of Datura wrightii. Extracts from both of these plants, and their other relatives, are narcotic and, when improperly prepared, lethal. The narcotic properties have been recorded throughout history. They once figured importantly in religious ceremonies of Native Americans in the Southwest US.

  625. Datura discolor  ______  SD  (an annual)
    E: Desert Thornapple   

  626. Datura stramonium ______  SD  (an annual)    
    E: Jimson Weed 
    (This common name is a corruption of "Jamestown Weed", so named because the plant grew near the homes of the Jamestown (Virginia) colonists.)

    The Jimson Weed is originally from Mexico. The plant was carried throughout much of the world for medicinal use. 
    The fruit has many small spines and does not hang. The corolla is only about 3 inches long. 


    Genus LYCIUM

  627. Lycium andersonii  ______
    E: Anderson Wolfberry

  628. Lycium fremontii  ______  SD
    E; Fremont Desert-Thorn 
    (or Wolfberry, Boxthorn)

  629. Lycium p. pallidum  ______  CD  GD  PD  SD
    Lycium pallidum oligospermum  ______  MD
    E: Pale Desert-Thorn

  630. Lycium torreyi  ______
    E: Torrey Wolfberry
    S: Tomatilla


    Genus NICOTIANA  (All of these "Tobaccos" are poisonous. They are so strong-smelling and distasteful that livestock, and other animals, usually avoid them.)     

  631. Nicotiana glauca  ______    
    E: Tree Tobacco

    The Tree Tobacco is a native plant of South America; now widespread in parts of the western US & into Mexico.  

  632. Nicotiana obtusifolia  ______  
    E: Desert Tobacco
    S: Tabaquillo  (meaning "little tobacco"), also called Punche ("a punch")

    The Desert Tobacco smoked, still to this day, by Native Americans in traditional ceremonies.

  633. Nicotiana attenuata  ______
    E: Coyote Tobacco
          


    Genus PHYSALIS  (Ground Cherries)  (W)

  634. Physalis crassifolia  ______
    E: Thick-leaf Groundcherry

  635. Physalis hederifolia  ______
    E: Ivyleaf Groundcherry

  636. Physalis lobata  ______
    E: Lobed Groundcherry


    Genus QUINCULA  (formerly PHYSALIS, but the purple flower and the flat, scale-like hairs on the leaves are considered distinctive) 

  637. Quincula lobata  ______     
    E: Purple Groundcherry


    The berry of the Purple Groundcherry is edible, but caution is advised, for the flower resembles some of those in the genus that follows here, SOLANIUM with both edible and deadly berries. 


    Genus SOLANUM  (Potatoes & Eggplants are among the nonpoisonous and economically important plants in this huge genus.)  (W)    

  638. Solanum elaeagnifolium  (ph)  ______  GD  
    E: Silverleaf Nightshade



    Silverleaf Nightshade
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    The Silverleaf Nightshade has also had the common English names of Silver Horsenettle and White Horsenettle. 
    The star-like flowers of the plant are bluish-violet, violet, or lavender in color. Large patches of it, when in full bloom, are striking. 
    However, the. plant is an aggressive poisonous weed, that spreads steadily from deep rootstocks. In some US states, it is classified as a "noxious weed".

  639. Solanum carolinense  (ph)  ______  GD
    E: Carolina Horsenettle



    Carolina Horsenettle
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  640. Solanum rostratum  ______
    E: Buffalo Bar

    Abundant prickles help to discourage livestock from grazing on Buffalo Bar, which is a highly toxic plant.

  641. Solanum dulcamara  ______
    E: Bittersweet Nightshade

  642. Solanum americanum  ______
    E: Black Nightshade


    Family VERBENACEAE  (Vervains, Verbenas)


    Genus ALOYSIA

  643. Aloysia gratissima  ______
    E: Common Bee Bush

  644. Aloysia wrightii  ______  SD
    S: Oreganillo   


    Genus GLANDULARIA


  645. Glandularia hipinnatifida  ______  (in open fields & weedy areas)
    E: Western Pink Vervain
    S: Moradilla 
    (coming from "morado" meaning "purple", this Spanish name means "little purple one") 


    Genus VERBENA

  646. Verbena gooddingii  ______
    E: Southwestern Verbena

  647. Verbena neomexicana  ______
    E: Hillside Vervain

  648. Verbena perennis  ______
    E: Pinleaf Vervain

  649. Verbena wrightii  ______
    E: Desert Verbena




    Family VISCACEAE (or LORANTHACEAE)  (Mistletoes)


    Genus PHORADENDRON 
     
     

      
    Some members of the PHORADENDRON genus are host plants for the butterflies: ATLIDES HALESUS, Great Purple Hairstreak, CALLOPHRYS SPINETORUM, Thicket Hairstreak.  

  650. Phoradendron californicum  ______  SD   (in the desert from Nevada & southern California south to central Baja California & southern Sonora in Mexico) 
    E: Desert Mistletoe 

  651. Phoradendron macrophyllum  (ph) (*)  ______  GD,SD     
    E: Big-leaf Mistletoe  



    Big-leaf Mistletoe
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    Family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE  (Caltrops)


    Genus FAGONIA

  652. Fagonia laevis ______  MD  SD  (on rocky slopes & in washes in deserts)
    E: Fagonia


    Genus KALLSTROEMIA


  653. Kallstroemia grandiflora  ______  SD  (open sandy areas in deserts)
    E: Desert Poppy, Summer Poppy, Arizona Poppy

    The Desert Poppy, and other species in the same genus, are not true poppies, nor even are they close relatives. But they resemblance is there. Large patches provide a display as brilliant and spectacular as those of the California Poppy (ESCHSCHOLZIA californica).           

  654. Kallstroemia parviflora  ______  SD  (with smaller flowers than K. grandiflora, that are orange)  
    E: Small-flowered Carpetweed


  655. Kallstroemia californica  ______  SD  (with smaller flowers than K. grandiflora, that are yellow)
    E: California Carpetweed


    Genus LARREA  (S)

  656. Larrea tridentata  (was conspecific with Larrea divaricata of South America)  ______  CD  MD  SD 
    (the most common & widespread shrub in 3 of the 4 North American deserts; cold winters exclude it from the Great Basin Desert; especially common in well-drained soils of "bajadas" or alluvial fans, and on flats.) 

    E: Creosote Bush
    S: Gobernadora

    Creosote Bushes are adapted to desert living. Where they are the dominant plants, they often grow in evenly spaced rows - a "self-imposed" method of rationing water. A strong-smelling resin coats the leaves, reducing moisture loss.   


    ___________________________________________________________________________________




    Trees, Flowers, & Other Plants in Higher Country near the Deserts: 

    THE FLORA OF "ISLANDS IN THE SKY" 




    Family APIACEAE  (Carrots)


    Genus ERYNGIUM


  657. Eryngium heterophyllum  ______  (in sandy soil in grasslands, open woods, and along watercourse, usually in mountains)
    (in sandy soil in grasslands, open woods, and along watercourse, usually in mountains)
    E: Mexican Thistle 


    Family BERBERIDACEAE  (Barberries)


    Genus BERBERIS


  658. Berberis aquifolium  ______  (in open pine forests)
    E: Oregon Grape


    Family BRASSICACEAE  (Mustards)


    Genus DRABA


  659. Draba oligoperma  ______
    E: Comb Draba


    Family CAMPANULACEAE  (Bellflowers)


    Genus LOBELIA

  660. Lobelia anatina  ______
    E: Southwestern Blue Lobelia

  661. Lobelia cardinalis  ______  CD
    E: Scarlet Lobelia, Cardinal Flower

    The Scarlet Lobelia attracts hummingbirds, that feed on the insects and pollinate the flowers.


    Family COMMELINACEAE  (Spiderworts)


    Genus COMMELINA


  662. Commelina dianthifolia  ______  (occurs among pinon, other pines, and junipers)
    (occurs among pinon, other pines, and junipers)
    E: Western Dayflower

  663. Commelina erecta  ______
    E: Slender Dayflower
    S: Hierba de Pollo  (means "herb of the chicken")


    Genus TRADESCANTIA

  664. Tradescantia pinetorium  ______
    E: Pine Spiderwort 


    Family CUPRESSACEAE  (T)


    Genus CUPRESSUS  (Cypresses)

  665. Cupressus arizonica  ______  CD,SD
    E: Arizona Cypress 



    Genus JUNIPERUS  (Junipers)

  666. Juniperus flaccida  ______  CD
    E: Drooping Juniper 
    (also called Weeping Juniper

  667. Juniperus deppeana  ______  CD
    E: Alligator Juniper    

  668. Juniperus pinchotii  ______  CD
    E: Redberry Juniper 

  669. Juniperus osteosperma  _____  GD
    E: Utah Juniper, Bigberry Juniper 

  670. Juniperus scopulorum  (ph) (*)   ______  GD
    E: Rocky Mountain Juniper




    Rocky Mountain Juniper
    (photo by Doris Potter)


    Family FABACEAE  (Legumes, Peas)


    Genus LOTUS

  671. Lotus wrightii  ______  GD  (found mainly among Ponderosa Pine and among pinyon and juniper
    E: Wright's Deer Vetch

    Wright's Deer Vetch is a favored browse for deer and domestic livestock.
    As with many species in the pea family, it has an intricate method of pollination that generally requires the aid of insects.


    Genus THERMOPSIS

  672. Thermopsis rhombifolia montana  ______  (in meadows and coniferous forest openings) 
    (in meadows and coniferous forest openings) 
    E: Yellow Pea, Golden Pea, Buck Bean


    Genus TRIFOLIUM

  673. Trifolium wormskioldii  ______
    E: Cow Clover  


    Family FAGACEAE   (Beeches) (T)


    Genus QUERCUS  (Oaks)

  674. Quercus grisea  ______  CD
    E: Gray Oak

  675. Quercus emoryi ______  CD 
    E: Emory Oak

  676. Quercus gravesii  ______  CD
    E: Graves Oak 

  677. Quercus intricata ______  CD  (in the US known only in the Eagle & Chisos Mountains of west Texas)   
    E: Coahuila Scrub Oak 

  678. Quercus pungens vaseyana  ______  CD
    E: Vasey Oak 

  679. Quercus graciliformis  ______  CD  (endemic to Chisos Mountains of west Texas) 
    E: Chisos Oak

  680. Quercus tardifolia  ______  CD  (occurs only locally in the Chisos Mountains of west Texas) 
    E: Lateleaf Oak 


    Family GENTIANACEAE

  681. Gentianella amarella  ______  (in meadows and moist areas in mountains) 
    (in meadows and moist areas in mountains) 
    E: North Gentian


    Genus SWERTIA  (this genus has been merged with FRASERA)

  682. Swertia radiata  (formerly Frasera speciosa  ______
    E: Monument Plant, Deer's Ears

     

    Family IRIDACEAE  (Irises) 


    Genus SISYRINCHIUM  

  683. Sisyrinchum cernuum  ______
    E: Yellow-eyed
    (or Golden-eyed) Grass

  684. Sisrinchum longipes  ______
    E: Yellow-eyed
    (or Golden-eyed) Grass

  685. Sisrinchum arizonicum  ______
    E: Arizona Golden-eyed Grass


    Family LILIACEAE  (Lilies)


    Genus ALLIUM

  686. Allium acuminaum  ______  (in open country, often on rocky slopes among brush and pines)
    E: Hooker's Onion

  687. Allium cernuum  ______  (in moist soil in sagebrush and woods)
    E: Nodding Onion


    Genus CALOCHORTUS

  688. Calochortus nuttallii  ______  (in dry soil in sagebrush and in open pine woods)
    E: Sego Lily


    Family LINACEAE  (Flaxes)


    Genus LINUM

  689. Linum perenne  ______  (found in prairies and meadows, and on open mountain slopes)  
    E: Wild Blue Flax, Western Blue Flax

    Several Native American tribes used Wild Blue Flax to make rope.


    Family MALVACEAE  (Mallows)


    Genus SIDALCEA

  690. Sidalcea neomexicana  ______
    E; Checkermallow


    Family MONOTROPACEAE


    Genus MONOTROPA


  691. Monotropa uniflora  ______
    E: Indian Pipe


    Genus PTEROSPORA

  692. Pterospora andromedea  ______  (especially common in the western US under Ponderosa Pines) 
    (especially common in the western US under Ponderosa Pines) 
    E: Pinedrops


    Family ONAGRACEAE  (Evening Primroses)


    Genus CHAMERION


  693. Chamerion angustifolium  ______ (in disturbed and cool areas; frequently along highways, and in burned areas)
    (in disturbed and cool areas; frequently along highways, and in burned areas)
    E: Fireweed


    Genus GAUREA

  694. Gaurea coccinea  ______  (in sandy soil among pinyons and junipers)
    (in sandy soil among pinyons and junipers)
    E: Scarler Gaura


    Family ORCHIDACEAE  (Orchids)


    Genus HEXALECTRIS


  695. Hexalectris warnockii  ______  CD  (the most common Hexalectris in Big Bend National Park; also occurs in southeastern Arizona)
    E: Texas Purple Spike

    The Texas Purple Spike is one of 5 Hexalectris orchids in the Southwest US.


    Genus LISTERA

  696. Listera convallarioides  ______  (in southern Arizona, in addition to other places in much of North America; also in Asia)
    (in southern Arizona, in addition to other places in much of North America; also in Asia)
    E: Broad-leafed Twayblade


    Genus SPIRANTHES

  697. Spiranthes romanzoffiana  ______
    E: Hooded Ladies' Tresses


    Family OXALIDACEAE  (Wood Sorrels)


    Genus OXALIS

  698. Oxalis violacea  ______  
    E: Violet Wood Sorrel

  699. Oxalis alpina  ______  (from northern New Mexico & central Arizona south to Guatemala) 
    E: Mountain Wood Sorrel 

  700. Oxalis decaphylla  ______  (in the Southwest US & Mexico)
    E: Ten-leaved Wood Sorrel  


    Family PINACEAE  (T)


    Genus PINUS   (Pines & Pinyons)

  701. Pinus ponderosa  ______  CD
    E: Ponderosa Pine 


  702. Pinus cembroides  ______  CD  
    E: Mexican Pinyon   
     


    Family POLEMONIACEAE  (Phloxes)


    Genus GILIA


  703. Gilia rigidula  ______
    E: Blue Gilia 


    Genus LINANTHUS

  704. Linanthus nuttallii  ______
    E: Nuttall's Linanthus


    Family POLYGONACEAE  (Buckwheats)


    Genus POLYGONUM

  705. Polygonum bistortoides  ______  (moist mountain meadows & streamsides)
    (moist mountain meadows & streamsides)
    E: Western Bistort, Smokeweed


    Family PRIMULACEAE  (Primroses)


    Genus DODECATHEON 

  706. Dodecatheon alpinum  ______
    E: Alpine Shooting Star

  707. Dodecatheon dentatum  ______
    E: White Shooting Star, Dentate Shooting Star

  708. Dodecatheon pulchellum  ______
    E: Few-flowered Shooting Star 


    Family ROSACEAE


    Genus POTENTILLA

  709. Potentilla thurberi  ______  (in rich soil in coniferous forests, damp meadows, and along streams)
    (in rich soil in coniferous forests, damp meadows, and along streams)
    E: Red Cinquefoil 


    Family RUBIACEAE   (Madders)


    Genus BOUVARDIA


  710. Bouvarddia ternifolia  ______
    E: Scarlet Bouvardia
    S: Trompetilla  (means "little trumpet", referring to the shape of the corolla)  

    The spectacular red corolla of the Scarlet Bouvardia attracts, and provides nectar for, hummingbirds.


    Family SAXIFRAGACEAE  (Saxifrages)


    Genus HENCHERA


  711. Henchera sanguinea  ______  (found in moist, shaded, rocky places)
    (found in moist, shaded, rocky places)
    E: Coral Bells


    Genus SAXIFRAGA

  712. Saxifraga rhomboidea  ______  (moist places in hills with sagebrush)
    (moist places in hills with sagebrush)
    E: Diamondleaf Saxifrage


    Family SCROPHULARIACEAE  (Snapdragons, or Figworts)


    Genus CORDYLANTHUS  (Birdbeaks - nearly 40 species occur in the western US) 


  713. Cordylanthus wrightii  ______  (on open sandy areas on plains & in pine forests)
    (on open sandy areas on plains & in pine forests)
    E: Wright's Birdbeak


    Genus MAURANDYA

  714. Maurandya antirrhiniflora  ______  (in sandy and gravelly soil in deserts, at times on rock walls and among pinyons & junipers)
    E: Little Snapdragon Vine, Violet Twining


    Genus PENSTEMON  (a huge genus, with several having beautiful blue-violet flowers and narrow leaves)

  715. Penstemon barbatus  ______  (on dry rocky slopes in open forests)
    (on dry rocky slopes in open forests)
    E: Goldenbeard Penstemon

  716. Penstemon linarioides  ______  (in open, often rocky soil at moderate elevations)
    (in open, often rocky soil at moderate elevations)
    E: Narrowleaf Penstemon

    The Narrowleaf Penstemon is a common member of the genus in dry open woodlands in the Southwest US.

  717. Penstemon palmeri  ______  (in open, rocky areas among sagebrush, pinyons & junipers, and pinewoods) 
    (in open, rocky areas among sagebrush, pinyons & junipers, and pinewoods) 
    E: Balloon Flower


    Family STERCULIACEAE  (Cacaos)


    Genus FREMONTODENDRON


  718. Fremontodendron californicum  ______  (on dry slopes in brush or pine forests)
    (on dry slopes in brush or pine forests)
    E: Flannel Brush, Fremontia

  719. Fremontodendron mexicanum  ______
    E: Mexican Fremontia


    Family VERBENACEAE  (Verbenas)


    Genus VERBENA  


    There are several species in the VERBANA genus that are tall and with either thick or slender spikes of flowers. 
    These Vervains are not easy to distinguis from one another. 


  720. Verbena macdougalii  ______
    E: New Mexico Vervain

    The New Mexico Vervain resembles members of the Mint Family (LAMIACEAE), but it lacks the aromatic odor.
    It has relatively thick spikes.  
       


    Family VIOLACEAE  (Violets)  

    In this family totally, there are about 16 genera and 800 species, found nearly throughout the world.


    Genus VIOLA


  721. Viola adunca  ______  (in meadows & on open slopes from sea level to the timberline)
    E: Blue Violet 

    _____________________________________________________________________________________


    DESERT GRASSES
    (native)


    Genus MUHLENBERGIA

  722. Muhlenbergia emersleyi  ______  SD
    E: Bull Grass


    Genus BOTHRIOCHLOA

  723. Bothriochloa (formerly Andropogon) barbinodis    ______  SD
    E: Cane Beardgrass 


    Genus BOUTELOUA  (HILARIA)

  724. Bouteloua chondrosioides
    Bouteloua eriopoda
    Bouteloua gracilis
    Bouteloua hirsuta
    Hilaria belangeri   ______  SD
    E: Curly Mesquite Grasses, Gramas  

  725. Bouteloua breviseta  ______  CD

  726. Bouteloua eriopoda  ______  CD
    E: Black Grama


    Genus SETARIA

  727. Setaria macrostachya  ______  SD
    E: Plains Bristlegrass 


    Genus ERAGROSTIS

  728. Eragrostis intermedia  ______  SD
    E: Plains Lovegrass


    Genus ELYMUS

  729. Elymus elymoides  (formerly Sitanion hystrix)  ______  SD
    E: Squirrel Tail 


    Genus DIGITARIA

  730. Digitaria californica  ______  SD
    E: Arizona Cottontop


    Genus STIPA

  731. Stipa speciosa  ______  SD
    E: Desert Needlegrass 


    Genus HETEROPOGON

  732. Heteropogon contortus  ______  SD
    E: Tanglehead


    Genus ARISTIDA  (Threeawns)

  733. Aristida purpurea  ______  SD
    E: Purple Threeawn

  734. Aristida parishii  ______  SD
    E: 

  735. Aristida ternipes  ______  SD
    E: 

  736. Aristida californica  ______  SD
    E:


    Genus CENCHRUS  (Sandburs)

  737. X  ______
    X



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